The Witness of the Stars 2

By E.W. Bullinger

Edited by J.E Bradburn

The First Book: The Redeemer (His first coming) “The Sufferings of Christ”

THE FIRST BOOK is occupied with the PERSON of the Coming One. It covers the whole ground, and includes the conflict and the victory of the Promised Seed, but with special emphasis on His Coming. The book opens with the promise of His coming, and it closes with the Drago (Satan) cast down from heaven.


Chapter 1


The Promised Seed of the woman

Here is the commencement of all prophecy in (Gen 3:15 (KJV), spoken to the serpent:-


Genesis 3:15 (KJV) “And I will put enmity between thee [Satan] and the woman [Israel}, and between thy seed and her seed; it shall bruise thy head, and thou shalt bruise His heel.”


This is the prophetic announcement which the Revelation in the heavens and in the Book (Bible) is designed to unfold and develope. It lies at the root of the ancient traditions and mythologies, which are simply the perversion and corruption of primitive TRUTH. VIRGO is represented as a woman with a branch in her right hand, and some ears of corn in her left hand. Thus giving a two-fold testimony of the Coming One. The name of this sign in the Hebrew is Bethūlāh, which means a virgin, and in the Arabic it means a branch.


Vulgate Isa 11:1 et egredietur virga de radice Iesse et flos de radice eius ascendet = there shall come forth a rod out of the root of Jesse, and a flower shall rise up out of his root.


Another name is Sunbul, Arabic, which means, an ear of corn. In (Genesis 3:15 KJV) she is presented only as a woman; but in later prophecies her nationality is defined as being of the:

stock of Israel, the seed of Abraham, and the line of David; and, further, she is to be a virgin.

Virgo (the Virgin)    

    There are two prominent prophecies of her and her seed: one is connected with first coming in incarnation , Isa 7:14 (quoted in Matt 1:23 KJV).


Isaiah 7:14 (KJV) Therefore the Lord himself shall give you a sign; Behold, a virgin shall conceive, and bear a son, and shall call his name Immanuel.” The other is connected with His second coming, leaping over the sufferings and this present interval of His rejection, and looking forward to His coming in glory and judgement, (quoted in Luke 2:11, and 1:32—33)-

Isaiah 9:6—7 (KJV)

6 “For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given: and the government shall be upon His shoulder: and His name shall be called Wonderful, Counsellor, The mighty God, The everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace.”

7 “Of the increase of His government and peace there shall be no end, upon the throne of David, and upon His kingdom, to order it, and to establish it with judgment and with justice from henceforth even for ever. The zeal of the Lord of hosts will perform this.


It is difficult to separate the Virgin and her Seed in the prophecy; and so, here, we have first the sign VIRGO, where the name points to her as the prominent subject; while in the first of the three constellations of this sign, where the woman appears again, the name COMA points to the child as the great subject. Virgo contains 110 stars, viz, one of the first magnitude, six of the third, ten of the fourth, etc.

ARATUS thus sings of them;

“Beneath Bootes feet the Virgin seek,

Who carries in her hand a glittering spike.

Over her [left] shoulder there revolves a star

In the right wing, superlatively bright;

It rolls beneath the tail, and may compare

With the bright stars that deck the Greater Bear.

Upon her [right] shoulder one bright star is borne,

One clasps the circling girdle of her loins,

One at her bending knee; and in her [left] hand

Glitters that bright and golden Ear of Corn.”


Thus the brightest star in VIRGO has an ancient name, handed down to us in all the star maps, in which the Hebrew word (Tsemech) is preserved. It is called in Arabic Al Zimach, which means the branch. This star is in the ear of corn which she holds in her left hand. Hence the star has a modern Latin name, which has almost superseded the ancient one, Spica, which means, an ear of corn. But this hides the great truth revealed by its name Al Zimach. It foretold the coming of Him who should bear this name. The same Divine inspiration has, in the written Word, four times connected it with Him. There are twenty Hebrew words translated “Branch,” but only one of them (Tsemech) is used exclusively of the Messiah, and this word only four times. Each of these further connects Him with one special account of Him, given in the Gospels.


1.      Jeremiah 23:5—6 (KJV)

5 “Behold, the days come, saith the Lord, that I will raise unto David a righteous Branch, and a King shall reign and prosper, and shall execute judgment and justice in the earth.”

6 “In his days Judah shall be saved, and Israel shall dwell safely: and this is his name whereby he shall be called, The Lord Our Righteousness.” [Al Zimach]

The account of His coming as King is written in the Gospel according to Matthew, where Jehovah says to Israel, “Behold thy King.” (Zech 9P9; Matt 21:9 KJV).

     2.   Zechariah 3:8 (KJV) “Hear now, O Joshua the high priest, thou, and thy fellows that sit before thee: for they are men wondered at: for, behold, I will bring forth my servant the Branch.”

In the Gospel according to Mark we find the record of Jehovah’s servant and His service, and we hear Jehovah’s voice saying, Behold my SERVANT.”

     3.   Zechariah 7:12 (KJV) “And speak unto him, saying, “Thus speaketh the Lord of hosts, saying, ‘Behold the man whose name is The Branch; and He shall grow up out of His place, and He shall build the temple of the Lord:’”

In the Gospel according to Luke we behold Him, presented in “the MAN Christ Jesus.”

     4.   Isaiah 4:2 (KJV) In that day shall the branch of the Lord be beautiful and glorious, and the fruit of the earth shall be excellent and comely for them that are escaped of Israel.”

So that this Branch, this Son, is Jehovah Himself; and as we read the record of John we hear the voice from heaven saying, Behold your GOD.” (Isa 11:9 KJV.)

This is the Branch foretold by the star Al Zimach in the ear of corn. The star B is called Zavijaveh, which means the gloriously beautiful, as in Isa 4:2 (KJV). The star in the arm bearing the branch, is called Al Mureddin, which means who shall come down (as in Psalm 72:8 (KJV), or who shall have dominion. It is also known as Vindemiatrix, a Chaldee word which means the son, or branch, who cometh. Other names of stars in the sign, not identified, are:-

Subilah, who carries. (Isa 46:4 (KJV.)

Al  Azal, the Branch. (As in Isa 18:5 (KJV.)

Subilon, a spike of corn. ( As in Isa 17:5 KJV.)

The Greeks ignorant of the Divine origin and teaching of the sign, represented Virgo as Ceres, with ears of corn in her hand. In the Zodiac in the Temple of Denderah, in Egypt, about 2000 B.C. (now in Paris), she is likewise represented with a branch in her hand, but ignorantly explained by a false religion to represent Isis! Her name is called Aspolia, which means ears of corn, or the seed, which shows that though the woman is seen, it is her Seed, which shows that though the woman is seen, it is her Seed who is the great subject of the prophecy. Passing to the three constellations anciently assigned to the sign Virgo, we come to what may be compared to three sections  of the chapter, each giving some further detail as to the interpretation of its teaching.

Coma (The Woman and Child)

The desired of all nations

The first constellation in Virgo explains that this coming “Branch” will be a child, and that He should be the “Desire of all nations.” The ancient name of this constellation is Comah, the desired, or the longed for. From which occurs only in Psalm 63:1, “My flesh longeth for thee.“ It is akin to desire. (Psalm 50:10; Isa 53:2; Hag 2:7 all KJV.) We have the word used by the Holy Spirit in this very connection, in Hag 2:7 KJV: “The DESIRE of all nations shall come.”  

The ancient Zodiacs pictured this constellation as a woman with a child in her arms ALBUMAZUR or (ABU Masher), an Arabian astronomer of the eighth century, says, “There arises in the first Decan (constellation) as the Persians, Chaldeans, and Egyptians, and the two HERMES and ASCALIUS teach, a young woman, whose Persian name denotes a pure virgin, sitting on a throne, nourishing an infant boy (the boy, I say) having a Hebrew name, by some nations called IHESU, with the signification IEZA, which in Greek is called CHRISTOS.” But this picture is not found in any of the modern maps of the stars

There we find today a woman’s wig! It appears that BERERNICE, the wife of EUERGETES (Ptolemy 111.), king of Egypt in the third century B.C., when her husband once went on a dangerous expedition, vowed to consecrate her fine head of hair to VENUS if he returned in safety. Her hair, which was hung up in the Temple of VENUS, was subsequently stolen, and to comfort BERENICE, CONON, an astronomer of Alexandria (B>C> 283—222), gave it out that Jupiter had taken it and made it a constellation”  

This is a good example of how the meaning of other constellations have been perverted (ignorantly or intentionally). In this case, as in others, the transition from ancient to more modern languages helped to hide the meaning. The Hebrew name was COMA (desired). But the Greeks had a word for hair, Cό-me. This again is transferred to the Latin coma, and thus “Coma Berenicæ” (the hair of Berenice) comes down to us today as the name of this constellation, and given us a woman’s wig instead of that Blessed One, “the Desire of all Nations.” In this case, however, we are able to give absolute proof that this is a perversion.

The ancient Egyptian name for the constellation was Shes-nu, the desired son! The Zodiac in the Temple of Denderah in Egypt, going back at least 2,000 years B.C. has no trace of any hair, but it has the figure of a woman and child. In our illustration we have given a copy of this very ancient picture, and not the wig of hair! We have been permitted to trace it from a work on Egyptian Scenery by the late eminent astronomer, Edward J Cooper, of Markree Castle, co Sligo, who visited that Temple in the year 1820 with an Italian artist, Signor Bossi. The original drawing from which our tracing is made (and enlarged) was drawn by Signor Bossi on the spot, before it was taken to Paris in 1821.* It appears M.M.Saulnier, fils, and Lelorain arrived while Signor Bossi was engaged in copying it, but concealed their design to remove it. The King of France paid £6,250 sterling for it. It has since been copied, and lithographs have been published. 

We thus have before us the exact representations of one of these star pictures at least 4,000 years old. Even Shakespeare understood the truth about this constellation picture, which has beenso long covered by modern inventions. In his Titus Andronicus he speaks of an arrow being shot up to heaven to the “Good boy in Virgo’s lap.”

The constellation itself is very remarkable. Others contain one or two stars of the first or second magnitude, and then a greater or less variety of lesser stars; but this is peculiar from having no one very bright star, but contains so many stars of the of the 4th and 5th magnitudes. It contains 43 stars altogether, ten being of the fourth magnitude, and the remainder of the 5th, 6th, etc. It was in all probability the constellation of Coma in which “the Star of Bethlehem” appeared. There was a traditional prophecy, well known in the East, carefully preserved and handed down, that a new star would appear in this sign when He whom it foretold should be born. This was, doubtless, referred to in the prophecy of Balaam, which would thus receive a double fulfillment, first of the literal “Star,” and also of the person to whom it referred. The Lord said by Balaam: “Balaam is a diviner in the Torah (Old Testament), his story begins in Chapter 22 in the Book of Numbers

(Numbers: 22)”


Numbers 24:17 (KJV) I shall see Him, but not now: I shall behold Him, but not nigh: there shall come a Star out of Jacob, and a Sceptre shall rise out of Israel, and shall smite the corners of Moab, and destroy all the children of Sheth.”


“There shall come* a star out of Jacob, And a sceptre shall rise out of Israel.” I.e. come forth (as in the R.V). Al, as the preposition is rendered in Gen 3:24. 24 “So He drove out the man (Adam); and He placed at the east of the garden of Eden Cherubims, and a flaming sword which turned every way, to keep the way of the tree of life.”


Thomas Hyde, an eminent Orientalist (1636—1703), writing on the ancient religion of the Persians, quotes from ABULFARAGIUS (an Arab Christian Historian, (1226—12 86), who says that ZOROASTER, or ZERDUSHT, the Persian, was a pupil of Daniel the Prophet, and that he predicted to the Magian (who were the astronomers of Persia), that when they should see a new star appear it would notify the birth of a mysterious child, whom they were to adore. It is further stated in the Zend Avesta that this new star was to appear in the sign of the Virgin. Some have supposed that this passage is not genuine. But whether it was interpolated before or after the event, it is equally good evidence for our purpose her. For it was written before the event, it is evidence of the prophetic announcement; and if it was interpolated after the event it is evidence of the historic fact. The Book of Job shows us how Astronomy flourished in Idumea; and the Gospel according to Matthew shows that the Persian Magi, as well as others, were looking for “the Desire of all Nations.”   

New stars have appeared again and again. It was in 125 B.C. that a star, so bright as to be seen in the day time, suddenly appeared. It was this that caused HIPPAARCHUS to draw up his catalogue of stars, which has been handed down to us by PTOLEMY (150 A.D.). This new star would show the latitude, passing at that time immediately overhead at midnight, every twenty four hours; while the prophecy would give the longitude as the land of Jacob. Having these two factors, it would be only a matter of observation, and easy for the Magi to find the place where it would be vertical, and thus to locate the very spot of the birth of Him of whom it was the sign, for they emphatically called it “His Star.There is a beautiful tradition which relates how, in their difficulty, on their way from Jerusalem to find the actual spot under the Zenith of this star; these Magi sat down besides David’s “Well of Bethlehem” to refresh themselves. There they saw the star reflected in the clear water of the well. Hence it is written that “when they saw the star they rejoiced with exceeding joy,” for they knew they were at the very spot and place of His appearing whence He was to “come forth.”

There can be little doubt that it was a new star. In the first place a new star is no unusual phenomenon. In the second place the tradition is well supported by ancient Christian writers. One speaks of its “surpassing brightness,” Another (IGNATIUS, Bp. of Antioch, A.D. 69) says, “At the appearance of the Lord a star shone forth brighter than all the other stars” IGNATI US, doubtless, had this from those who had actually seen it! 

One step more places this new star in the constellation of COMA, and with new force makes it indeed “His Star”—the “Sign” of His “coming forth from Bethlehem.” Will it be “the sign of the Son of Man in heaven” when He shall “come unto

this world again to complete the wondrous prophecies written of Him in the heavenly and earthly Revelations?*

*It ought also to be noticed that in the preceding year there were three conjunctions of the planets Jupiter and Saturn, at the end of May and October, and at the beginning of December. Kepler (1571—1631) was the first to point this out, and his calculations have been confirmed by the highest authorities. These conjunctions occurred in the sign of PISCES: and this sign, according to all the ancient Jewish authorities (Josephus, Abarbanal, Eliezer, and others), has special reference to Israel. The conjunction of Jupiter and Saturn, they hold, always marked the occurrence of some event favourable to Israel; while Kepler, calculating backwards, found that this astronomical phenomenon always concluded with some great historical crisis, viz: the Revelation of Adam, the birth of Enoch, the Revelation of Noah, the birth of Moses, the birth of Cyrus, the birth of Christ, the birth of Charlemagne, and the birth of Luther.

Thus does the constellation of Coma reveal that the coming “Seed of the woman” was to be a child born, a son given. But He was to be more: He was to be God and mantwo natures in one person! This is the lesson of the next picture.


CENTAURUS (The Centaur)

The despised sin-offering

It is the figure of a being with two natures. Jamieson, in his Celestial Atlas, 1822, says “On the authority of the most accomplished Orientalist of our own times, the Arabic and Chaldaic name of this constellation is “despised.” Now this Hebrew word Bezeh (and the Arabic Al Beze) means the despised. It is the very word used of this Divine sufferer in:


Isaiah 53:3 (KJV) He is despised and rejected of men; a man of sorrows, and acquainted with grief: and we hid as it were our faces from him; He was despised, and we esteemed Him not.”


The constellation contains 35 stars. Two of the 1st magnitude, one of the 2nd, six of the 1rd, nine of the 4th etc, which, together with the bright four stars in the Cross make a brilliant show in southern latitudes. The brightest star (in the horses fore foot), has come down to us with the ancient name of Toliman, which means the heretofore and hereafter, marking Him as the one “which is, and which was, and which is to come—the Almighty (Rev 1:8 KJV) Sir John Herschel observed this star to be growing rapidly brighter. It may be, therefore, one of the changeable stars, and its name may be taken as an indication of the fact that it was known to the ancients.

Another name for the constellation was in Hebrew, Asmeath, which means a sin offering as in (Isa 53:10)


Isaiah 53:10 (KJV) “Yet it pleased the Lord to bruise Him; He hath put Him to grief: when thou shalt make His soul an offering for sin, He shall see His seed, He shall prolong His days, and the pleasure of the Lord shall prosper in His hand.”


The Greek name was Cheiron, which means the pierced, or who pirces. In the Greek fables Cheiron was renowned for his skill in hunting, medicine, music, athletics, and prophecy. All the most distinguished heroes of Greece are described as his pupils. He was supposed to be immortal, but he voluntarily agreed to die; and, wounded by a poisoned arrow (not intended for him) while in conflict with a wild boar, he transferred his immortality to Prometheus; whereupon he was placed among the stars. We can easily see how this fable is the ignorant perversion of the primitive Revelation. The true tradition can be seen dimly through it, and we can discern him of whom it spoke,-the all wise, all powerful Teacher and Prophet, who went about doing good, “yet” despised and rejected of men,” laying down His life that others might live.

It is one of the lowest constellations, i.e. the farthest south from the northern centre. It is situated immediately over the Cross, which bespeaks His own death; He is seen in the act of destroying the enemy (the Serpent). Thus these star-pictures tell us that it would be as a child the Promised Seed should come forth and grow and wax strong in spirit and be filled with wisdom (Luke 2:40 KJV); and that as a man having two natures He should suffer and die. Then the third and last section in this chapter of this First Book goes on to tell of His second coming in glory.  


BOӦTES (The Coming One)

He cometh.


This constellation still further develops this wondrous personage. He is pictured as a man walking rapidly, with a spear in His right hand and a sickle in His left hand. The Greeks call Him Bo-ӧ-tes, which is from the Hebrew root Bo (to come), meaning the coming.


Psalm 96:13 (KJV) “Before the Lord: for He cometh, for He cometh to judge the earth: He shall judge the world with righteousness, and the people with His truth.”


It is probable that His ancient name was Arcturus* (the ancient name could not have been BOӦTES! although it is derived from, and may be a reminiscence of the Hebrew.) (As referred to in Job 9:9 KJV) for this is the name of the brightest star (in the left knee). Arcturus means He cometh. (Aratus calls Him Arctophylax, i.e. the guardian of Arctos,  the flock of the greater fold, called today the Great Bear:

“Behind, and seeming to urge on the Bear,

Arctophylax, on earth BOӦTES named,

Sheds o’er the Arctic car his silver light.”


By some moderns he is mistakenly called The Waggoner. Hence the allusion of Thompson:

“Wide o’er the spacious regions of the North,

BOӦTES urges on his tardy vain.”

This perversion scarcely does justice even to human common sense, as waggoneer’s do not use a sickle for a whip.

The star (in the spear head) is named Al Katurops, which means the branch, reading underfoot. The star (just below the waist on his right side) is called Mirac, or Mizar, or Izar, and means the preserver, guarding. The star is called Muphride, i.e. who separates. The star (in the head) is named Nekkar, {the pierced] (Zech 12:10 KJV), which tells us that this coming judge is the One who was pierced. Another Hebrew name is Merga, who bruises.

The constellation is a very brilliant one, having 54 stars, viz, one of the 1st magnitude, six of the 3rd, eleven of the 4th , etc.


This brings us back again to Genesis 3:15 (KJV) And I will put enmity between thee and the woman, and between thy seed and her seed; it shall bruise thy head, and thou shalt bruise his heel.”


and closes up this first chapter of the Book (Virgo). It shows us the Person of the Promised Seed from the beginning to the end, from the first promise of the birth of the Child in Bethlehem, to the final coming of the great Judge and Harvester to reap the harvest of the earth. This was the vision which was afterwards shown to John:


Revelation 14:15—16 (KJV)

15 “And another angel came out of the temple, crying with a loud voice to Him that sat on the cloud, ‘Thrust in Thy sickle, and reap: for the time is come for Thee to reap; for the harvest of the earth is ripe.’”

16 And He that sat on the cloud thrust in His sickle on the earth; and the earth was reaped.”


This is the conclusion of the first chapter of this First Book. Here we see the woman whose Seed is to bruise the serpents head, the Virgin-Born, the Branch of Jehovah, perfect man and perfect God, Immanuel, “God with us,” yet despised and rejected of men, yielding up His life that others may have life for evermore. But we see Him coming afterwards in triumphant power to judge the earth. This is only one chapter of this First Book, but it contains the outline of the whole volume, complete in itself, so far as it regards the Person of the Coming One. Like the Book of Genesis, it is the seed plot which contains the whole, all the rest being merely the development of the many grand details which are included and shut up within it. It is only one chapter out of twelve, but it distinctly foreshadows the end—even “The sufferings of Christ and the glory which should follow.”


Chapter 2


The Redeemer’s atoning work, or the price deficient

balanced by the price which covers

In the first chapter of this book we saw that this Coming Seed of the woman was, among other things, to give up His life for others. The second chapter is going to define and develop the manner and object of His death. The name of the Sign, together with its three constellation and the names of the stars composing them, give the complete picture of this Redemption.

The Sign contains 51 stars, two of which are of the 2nd magnitude, one of the 3rd, eight of the 4th, etc. The Hebrew name is Mozanaim, the Scales weighing. Its name in Arabic is Al Zubena, purchase, or redemption. In Coptic, it is Lambadia, station of propitiation (from Lam, graciousness, and badia, branch).  The name by which it has come down to us is the Latin, Libra, which means weighing, as used in the Vulgate.


Isaiah 40:12 (KJV) Who hath measured the waters in the hollow of His hand, and meted out heaven with the span, and comprehended the dust of the earth in a measure, and weighed the mountains in scales, and the hills in a balance?”


Libra contains three bright stars whose names supply us with the whole matter. The brightest (in the lower scale), is name Zuben al Genubi, which means the purchase, or price which is deficient. This points to the fact that man has been utterly ruined. He is “weighed in the balances and found wanting.”


Psalm 49:7 (RV) “None of them can by any means redeem his brother, nor give to God a ransom for him; For the redemption of their soul is costly, And must be let alone forever.”


Psalm 62:9 (RV) “Surely men of low degree are vanity, and men of high degree are a lie: in the balances they go up; they are altogether lighter than vanity” (Heb a breath).


This is the verdict pronounced and recorded by this star Zuben al Genubi. Is there then no hope? Is there no one who can pay the price? Yes; there is “the Seed of the woman.” He is not merely coming as a child, but He is coming as an atoning sacrifice. He is coming for the purpose of Redemption! He can pay the price which covers! Hence in the upper scale we have another bright star with this very name Zubim al Chemali—THE PRICE WHICH COVERS! Praised be God!


Revelation 5:9 (KJV) “And they sung a new song, saying, ‘Thou art worthy to take the book, and to open the seals thereof: for thou wast slain, and hast redeemed us to God by thy blood out of every kindred, and tongue, and people, and nation;”


This is the testimony of the second brightest star” It has another name, al Gubi, heaped up, or high, telling of the infinite value of this redemption price. But there is a third star, below, towards Centaurus and the Victim slain, telling, by that and by its name, of the conflict by which that redemption would be accomplished. It is called Zuben Akrabi or Zuben Akrab, which means the price of the conflict! There is, however, some reason to suppose that Libra is a very ancient Egyptian corruption, bringing in human merit instead of Divine righteousness; “the way of Cain” instead of the way of God. In the more ancient Akkadian the months were called after the names of the signs,*See quotation from Dr Budge. and the sign of the seventh month is the sign we now call Libra. The Akkadian name for it was Tulku. Tul means mound (like dhul and dul), and ku means sacred; hence, Tulku means the sacred mound, or the holy altar. And certainly the symbol by which it is still known is more like the top of an altar than a pair of balances, to which we can trace no resemblance whatsoever.

Not only is the name and its meaning different, but the teaching is infinitely greater and more important, if we may believe that the original picture of this sign was not a pair of scales, but the representation of a holy altar. This would agree much better with the three constellations which follow. The names of the stars would also be more appropriate, for it is the Sacrifice of Christ which they foreshadowed, and here it was that the price which covered was paid, and outweighed the price which was deficient (lacking).

What that price was to be, and how it was paid, and what was to be the result in the person of the Redeemer, is set forth in detail in the three sections of this chapter by the constellations of The Cross endured, The victim slain, and The Crown bestowed.  

CRUX (The Cross)

The cross endured

The Hebrew name was Adom which means cutting off, as in Dan 9:26 (KJV) And after threescore and two weeks shall Messiah be cut off, but not for Himself: and the people of the prince that shall come shall destroy the city and the sanctuary; and the end thereof shall be with a flood, and unto the end of the war desolations are determined.”


The last letter of the Hebrew alphabet was called Tau, which was anciently made in the form of a cross. The ancient Phoenician was      ; the ancient Hebrew, as found on coins, was X and   ; the Aramaic, as found on Egyptian monuments, was a transition p, which passed into the present square Hebrew character. The letter is called Tau, and means a mark; especially a boundary mark, a limit of finish. And it is the last letter, which finishes the Hebrew alphabet to this day.

The Southern Cross was just visible in the latitude of Jerusalem at the time of the first coming of our Lord to die. Since then, through the gradual recession of the Polar Star, it has not been seen in northern latitudes. It gradually disappeared and became invisible at Jerusalem when the real sacrifice was offered there; and tradition, which preserved its memory, assured travellers that if they could go far enough south it would be again seen. Dante sang of “the four stars never beheld but by the early race of men.” It was not until the 16th century had dawned that missionaries and voyagers, doubling the Cape for the first time, and visiting the tropics and southern seas, brought back the news of “a wonderful cross more glorious than all the constellations of the heavens.” It is a small asterism (a cluster of stars smaller than a constellation), containing only about five stars, viz, one of the 1st magnitude, 2 of the 2nd, one of the 3rd, and one of the 4th. Four of these are in the form of a cross.

Long before the Christian Era this sign of the Cross had lost its true meaning, and had been perverted in Babylon and Egypt as it has since been desecrated by Rome. The Persians and Egyptians worshipped it. The cakes made and eaten in honour of the Queen of heaven were marked with it. This heathen custom Rome has adopted and adapted in her Good Friday cakes, which are thus stamped. But all are alike ignorant of what it means, viz, IT IS FINISHED.”

In Egypt, and in the earliest times, it was the sign and symbol of life. Today, Romanists use it as the symbol of death! But it means life! Natural life given up, and eternal life procured. Atonement, finished, perfect, and complete; never to be repeated or added to. All who partake of its benefits in Christ now, in grace, by faith made nigh by the blood of Christ” (Eph 2:13 KJV), and of them Jesus says:


John 5:24 (KJV) “Verily, verily, I say unto you, he that heareth My word, and believeth on Him that sent Me, hath everlasting life, and shall not come into condemnation; but is passed from death unto life.”


So perfect and complete is the work which Jesus finished on the cross that we cannot seek to add even our repentance . Faith, tears, or prayers, without practically asserting that the work of Christ is not (yet) finished, and is not sufficient!

The Hebrew names of this constellation—Adom and Tau—rebuke our Pharisaic spirit, which is the relic and essence of all false religions, and points to the blessed fact that the Sacrifice was offered “once and for all,” and the atoning work of Redemption completely finished on Calvary.

“ Tis finished! The Messiah dies!

Cut off for sins, but not His own;

Accomplished is the sacrifice,

The great redeeming work is done.”

In the ancient Egyptian Zodiac of Denderah this first Decan of LIBRA is represented as a lion with his tongue hanging out of his mouth, as if in thirst, and a female figure holding a cup out to him. Under his fore feet is the hieroglyphic symbol of running water. What is all this but “The Lion of the tribe of Judah” brought down “into the dust of death,” and saying “I am poured out like water…My strength is dried up”


Psalm 22:13—18 (KJV)

13 “They gaped upon Me with their mouths, as a ravening and a roaring lion.”

14 “I am poured out like water, and all My bones are out of joint: My heart is like wax; it is melted in the midst of My bowels.”

15 “My strength is dried up like a potsherd; and my tongue cleaveth to My jaws; and thou hast brought Me into the dust of death.”

16 “For dogs have compassed Me: the assembly of the wicked have inclosed Me: they pierced My hands and My feet.”

17 “I may tell all My bones: they look and stare upon Me.”

18 “They part My garments among them, and cast lots upon My vesture.”


John 19:28 (KJV) After this, Jesus knowing that all things were now accomplished, that the scripture might be fulfilled, ‘saith, I thirst.’”


Psalm 69: 21 (KJV) “They gave Me also gall for My meat; and in My thirst they gave Me vinegar to drink.”


The Egyptian name of this Lion, however, points to His ultimate triumph, for it is called Sera, that is, victory! This brings us to


Lupos or Victima  (the Victim)

The victim slain

Its modern name is Lupos (a wolf), but only because it look like one. It may be any animal. The great point of this ancient constellation is that the animal has been slain, and is in the act of falling down dead. Its Greek name is Thera, a beast, and Lycos, a wolf. Its Latin name is Victima, or Bestia (Vulgate . Gen 8:17 (KJV)


Genesis 8:17 (KJV) Bring forth with thee every living thing that is with thee, of all flesh, both of fowl, and of cattle, and of every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth; that they may breed abundantly in the earth, and be fruitful, and multiply upon the earth.”


The above Scripture sufficiently indicates the great lesson. This is confirmed by its ancient Hebrew name, Asedah, and Arabic Asedatan, which both mean to be slain. More than 22 of its stars have been catalogued. None of them are higher than the 4th magnitude; most of them are of the 5th and 6th.

True, He was “by wicked hands crucified and slain,” but He is slain here by the Centaur, i.e. by Himself! To make it perfectly clear that it was His own act (without which His death would lose all merit), He uttered those solemn words:


John 10:15-18 (KJV)

15 “As the Father knoweth Me, even so know I the Father: and I lay down My life for the sheep.”

16 “And other sheep I have, which are not of this fold: them also I must bring, and they shall hear My voice; and there shall be one fold, and one shepherd.”

17 “Therefore doth My Father love Me, because I lay down My life, that I might take it again.

18 “No man taketh it from Me, but I lay it down of Myself. I have power to lay it down, and I have power to take it again. This commandment have I received of My Father.


Hebrews 9:11, 26 (KJV)

11 “But Christ being come an high priest of good things to come, by a greater and more perfect tabernacle, not made with hands, that is to say, not of this building;”

26 “For then must He often have suffered since the foundation of the world: but now once in the end of the world hath He appeared to put away sin by the sacrifice of Himself.”


In the ancient Zodiac of Denderah He is pictured as a little child with His finger on Its lips, and He is called Sura a lamb! In other pictures He has, besides, the horn of a goat on one side of His head. All this pointed to one and the same fact, viz, the development and explanation of what was meant by the bruising of His heel! It meant that this Promised Seed of the woman should come as a child, that He should suffer, and die upon the Cross, for


Isaiah 53:7 (KJV) “He was oppressed, and He was afflicted, yet He opened not His mouth: He is brought as a lamb to the slaughter, and as a sheep before her shearers is dumb, so He openeth not His mouth.”


Hence, the constellation prefigures a silent, willing sacrifice—Christ Jesus, who, “being found in fashion as a man, humbled Himself, and became obedient unto death, even the death of the Cross.


Philippians 2:5-8 (KJV)

5 Let this mind be in you, which was also in Christ Jesus:”

6 Who, being in the form of God, thought it not robbery to be equal with God:”

7 But made Himself of no reputation, and took upon Him the form of a servant, and was made in the likeness of men:”

8And being found in fashion as a man, He humbled Himself, and became obedient unto death, even the death of the cross.”


Corona (The Crown)

The crown bestowed

Wherefore [why] God also hath highly exalted Him a name which is above every name, that at the name of Jesus every knee should bow.” This is what is foreshown by this concluding section of the second chapter. Each chapter ends with glory. As in the written Word of God, we frequently have the glory of the second coming mentioned without any allusions to the sufferings of the First Comin, but we never have the First Coming in humiliation mentioned without an immediate reference to the glory of the Second Coming.

So here, the Cross is closely followed by the Crown! True, “we see not yet all things put under Him, but we see Jesus…for the suffering of death crowned with glory and honour.


Hebrews 2:9 (KJV) “But we see Jesus, Who was made a little lower than the angels for the suffering of death, crowned with glory and honour; that He by the grace of God should taste death for every man.”


Yes, “the crowning day is coming,” and all heaven shall soon resound with the triumphant song, “Thou art worthy…for Thou wast slain and hast redeemed us to God by thy blood.”


Revelation 5:9 (KJV) “And they sung a new song, saying, Thou art worthy to take the book, and to open the seals thereof: for thou wast slain, and hast redeemed us to God by thy blood out of every kindred, and tongue, and people, and nation;”


The shameful Cross will be followed by a glorious crown, and “every tongue shall confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father.”

“Mighty Victor, reign forever,

Wear the crown so dearly won;

Never shall Thy people, never

Cease to sing what Thou hast done.

Thou hast fought Thy people’s foes;

Thy will heal Thy people’s woes!”


The Hebrew name for the constellation is Atarah, a royal crown, and its stars are known today in the East by the plural, Ataroth! Its Arabic name is Al Iclil, an ornament, or jewel. It has 21 stars: one of the 2nd magnitude and six of the 4th. It is easily known by the stars which form a crescent. Its brightest star has the Arabic name of Al Phecca, the shining. Thus ends this solemn chapter of LIBRA, which describes the great work of Redemption,beginning with the Cross and ending with the Crown. The Redeemer’s work of Atonement is most blessedly set forth, and He alone is seen as the substitute for lost sinners.

“What wondrous love, what mysteries

In this appointment shine!

My breaches of the law are His,

And His obedience mine.”


Chapter 3


The Redeemer’s conflict

We come now right into the heart of the conflict. The star picture brings before us a giant scorpion endeavouring to sting in the heel a mighty man who is struggling with a serpent, but it is crushed by the man, who has His foot placed right on the scorpion’s heart. The Hebrew name is Akrab, which is the name of a scorpion, but also means, the conflict, or war. It is this that is referred to in Ps 91:13.


Psalm 91:13 KJV “Thou shalt tread upon the lion and adder: the young lion and the dragon shalt thou trample under feet.”


David uses the very word in Psalm 144:1, where he blessed God for teaching his hands to war. Psalm 144:1 (KJV) “Blessed be the Lord my strength which teacheth my hands to war, and my fingers to fight:” The Coptic name is Isidus, which means the attack of the enemy, or oppression; referring to “the wicked that oppress me, my deadly enemies who compass me about  (Psalm 17:9 KJV)

The Arabic name is Al Akrab, which means wounding him that cometh. There are 44 stars altogether in this sign. One is of the 1st magnitude, one of the 2 nd, eleven of the 1rd, eight of the 4th etc. The brightest star (in the heart), bears the ancient Arabic name of Antares, which means the wounding. It is called by the Latins Cor Scorpii, because it marks the scorpion’s heart, It shines ominously with a deep red light. The sting is called in Hebrew Lesath (Chaldee, Lesha), which means the perverse. The stars in the tail are also known as Leshna or Leshat. * Antares seems also to have been known as Lesath.

The scorpion is a deadly enemy (as we learn from (Rev 9 KJV), with poison in its sting, and all the names associated with the sign combine to set forth the malignant enemy which is “set” between the serpent and the woman’s Seed (Satan & Israel). That enmity is shown more fully in the written Word, where we see the attempt of the enemy (in Exodus 1) to destroy every male of the seed of Abraham, and how it was defeated. We see his effort repeated when he used Athaliah to destroy “all the seed royal,” and how “the kings son “ was rescued “from among” the slain’ (2 Kings 11 KJV).

We see his hand again instigating Haman, “the Jews enemy,” to compass the destruction of the whole nation, but defeated in his designs. When th woman’s Seed, the virgin’s Son was born, we are shown the same great enemy inciting Herod to slay all the babes in Bethlehem (Matt 2KJV), but again he is defeated.

In the wilderness of Judea, and in the Garden of Gethsemane the great conflict is renewed. “This is your hour and the power of darkness,” He said to His enemies. The real wounding in the heel was received at the Cross. It was there the scorpion struck the woman’s seed. He died, but was raised again from the dead (as we who believe will be raised) “to destroy the works of the devil.”.

To show us this; to prevent any mistake, to set forth the fact that this conflict only apparently ended in defeat, and that it did not really so end, we have the first two constellations belonging to this sign presented

 in one picture! Indeed, the picture is threefold, for it includes the sign itself! If these pictures had been separated, then the conflict would have been separated from the victory; the deadly wound of the serpent’s head from the temporary wound in the victor’s heel. Hence three pictures are required, in which the scorpion, the serpent and the man, are all involved, in order to present at the same time the triumphant issue of the conflict. Hence, we must present, and consider together, the first two sections of this mysterious chapter.


The struggle with the enemy

Here, Serpens, the serpent, is seen struggling vainly in the powerful grasp of the man who is names O-phi-u-chus. In Latin he is called Serpentarius. He is at one and the same moment shown to be seizing the serpent with his two hands, and treading on the very heart of the scorpion, marked by the deep red star Antares (wounding). Just as we read the first constellation of the woman and child Coma, as expanding the first sign VIRGO, so we have to read this first constellation as expounding the second sign LIBRA. Hence, we have here a further picture, showing the object of this conflict on the part of the scorpion. In Scorpio we see merely the effort to wound Ophiuchus in the heel; but here we see the effort of the serpent to seize THE CROWN, which is situated immediately over the serpents head, and to which he is looking up and reaching forth.

The contest is for dominion! It was the Devil, in the form of a serpent, that robbed the first man of His crown; but in vain he struggled to wrest it from the sure possession of the Second Man. Not only does he fail in the attempt, but is himself utterly defeated and trodden under foot.

There are no less than 134 stars in these two constellations. Two are of the 2nd magnitude, fourteen of the 3rd, thirteen of the 4th, etc. The brightest star in the Serpent, (in the neck),is named Unuk, which means encompassing. Another Hebrew name is Alyah, the accursed. From this is Al Hay (Arabic), the reptile. The next brightest star is (in the jaw), named, in Arabic, Cheleb, or Chelbalrai, the serpent enfolding. The Greek name, is Ophichus, is itself from the Hebrew and Arabic name Afeichus, which means the serpent held. The brightest star in Ophinchus, (in the head), is called Ras Al Hagus (Arabic), the head of him who holds.

Other Hebrew names of stars, not identified are Triophas, treading underfoot; Saiph (in the foot of Ophiuchus), bruised; Carnebus, the wounding; Megeros, contending. In the Zodiac of Denderah we have a throned human figure, Api-bau, the chief who cometh. He has a hawk’s  head to show to show that he is the enemy of the serpent, which is called Khu, and means ruled or enemy. All these combine to set before us in detail the nature of the conflict and its final issue. That final issue is, however, exhibited by the last of the three constellations of this chapter. The Victor Himself requires a whole picture to fully set forth the glorious victory. This brings us to—.  


3. HERCULES (The Mighty One)

The mighty vanquisher

Here the mighty one, who occupies a large portion of the heavens, is seen kneeling on one knee, with his right heel lifted up as if it had been wounded while his left foot is set directly over the head of the great dragon. In his right hand he wields a great club, and in his left hand he grasps a triple headed monster (Cerberus). And he has the skin of a lion, which he has slain, thrown around him. Cerberus or the serpent with three heads, was placed by Hevelius (1611—1687) by the side of Hercules. Bayer had previously placed the apple branch in his hand .This was symbolical of the golden apples of Hesperides, which he obtained by killing this three headed hydra. by whom they were guarded. In our picture these are combined, and a bow and quiver added from other ancient authorities.

Thus does everything in the picture combine to set forth the mighty works of this stronger than the strong man armed!

We can easily see how the perversion of the TRUTH by the Greeks came about, and how, when the true foreshadowing’s of this Mighty One had been lost, the many fables were invented to supply their place. The wiser sort of Greeks knew this perfectly well. ARISTOTLE (in his metaphysics 10:8) Part 8 ""That which is other in species is other than something in something, and this must belong to both; e.g. if it is an animal other in species, both are animals. The things, then, which are other in species must be in the same genus. For by genus I mean that one identical thing which is predicated of both and is differentiated in no merely accidental way, whether conceived as matter or otherwise. For not only must the common nature attach to the different things, e.g. not only must both be animals, but this very animality must also be different for each (e.g. in the one case equinity, in the other humanity), and so this common nature is specifically different for each from what it is for the other. One, then, will be in virtue of its own nature one sort of animal, and the other another, e.g. one a horse and the other a man. This difference, then, must be an otherness of the genus. For I give the name of 'difference in the genus' an otherness which makes the genus itself other. "This, then, will be a contrariety (as can be shown also by induction). For all things are divided by opposites, and it has been proved that contraries are in the same genus. For contrariety was seen to be complete difference; and all difference in species is a difference from something in something; so that this is the same for both and is their genus. (Hence also all contraries which are different in species and not in genus are in the same line of predication, and other than one another in the highest degree-for the difference is complete-, and cannot be present along with one another.) The difference, then, is a contrariety. "This, then, is what it is to be 'other in species'-to have a contrariety, being in the same genus and being indivisible (and those things are the same in species which have no contrariety, being indivisible); we say 'being indivisible', for in the process of division contrarieties arise in the intermediate stages before we come to the indivisibles. Evidently, therefore, with reference to that which is called the genus, none of the species-of-a-genus is either the same as it or other than it in species (and this is fitting; for the matter is indicated by negation, and the genus is the matter of that of which it is called the genus, not in the sense in which we speak of the genus or family of the Heraclidae, but in that in which the genus is an element in a thing's nature), nor is it so with reference to things which are not in the same genus, but it will differ in genus from them, and in species from things in the same genus. For a thing's difference from that from which it differs in species must be a contrariety; and this belongs only to things in the same genus. admits, with regard to Greek mythology, that religion and philosophy had been lost, and that much had been “added after the mythical style,” while much had come down, and “may have been preserved to our times as the remains of ancient wisdom.” Religion, such as it was (POLYBIUS confesses), was recognised as a “necessary means to political ends.NEANDER says that it was “the fragments of a tradition, which transmitted the knowledge of divine things possessed in the earliest times.”

Aratus shows the same uncertainty as to the meaning of this Constellation of Hercules. He says:

“Near this, and like a toiling man, revolves

A form. Of it can no one clearly speak,

‘The man upon his knees’: In desperate struggle

Like one who sinks, he seems. From both his shoulders

His arms are high uplifted and outstretched

As far as he can reach; and his right foot

Is planted on the coiled Dragon’s head.”

Ancient authorities differ as to the personality of Hercules, and they disagree as to the number, nature, and order of what are sometimes called “the twelve labours of Hercules.” But there is no doubt as to the mighty foretold works which the woman’s (Israel’s) Seed should perform. 1) From first to last Hercules is seen engaged in destroying some malignant foe: 2) now it is the Nemean lion; 3) then it is the slaying of the boar of Erymanthus; 4) again, it is the conquest of the of the bull of Crete; 5) then the killing of the three headed hydra, by whose venom Hercules afterwards died. 6) In the belly of the sea monster he is said to have remained “three days and three nights.” This was, doubtless a perversion of the type of Jonah, introduced by LYCOPHRON, who (living at the court of PTOLEMY PHILADLPHUS, under  whose under the Hebrew Scriptures were translated into Greek)would have known of the Divine miracle, and of its application to the Coming One

Bishop Horsley believed that the fables of the Greek mythology could be traced back to the prophecies of the Messiah, of which they were a perversion from ignorance or design. This is especially true of Hercules. In his apparently impossible tasks of overthrowing gigantic enemies and delivering captives, we can see through the shadow, and discern the pure light of the TRUTH. We can understand how the original star picture must have been a prophetic representation of Him who shall destroy the Old Serpent and open the way again, not to fabled “apples of gold,” but to the “tree of life” itself. He it is who through suffering in the mighty conflict, and brought to His knee, going down even to “the dust of death,” shall yet, in resurrection and advent glory, wield His victorious club, subdue all His enemies, and plant His foot on the Dragon’s head. For of Him it is written:—


Psalm 91:13 (KJV) “Thou shalt tread upon the lion and adder: the young lion and the dragon shalt Thou trample under feet.”


Come, Lord, and burst the captives’ chains,

And set the prisoners free;

Come, cleanse this earth from all its stains,

And make it meet for Thee!


Oh, come and end Creation’s groans—

Its sighs, its tears, its blood,

And make this blighted world again

The dwelling place of God.


Chapter 4


The Redeemer’s Triumph


This is the concluding chapter of the first great book of this Heavenly Revelation; and it is occupied wholly with the triumph of the Coming One, who is represented as going forth “conquering and to conquer.” The subject is beautifully set forth in the written Word:


Psalm 45: 3—5 (KJV)

3 “Gird thy sword upon Thy thigh, O most mighty, with Thy glory and Thy majesty.”

4 “And in Thy majesty ride prosperously because of truth and meekness and righteousness; and Thy right hand shall teach thee terrible things.”

5 “Thine arrows are sharp in the heart of the king's enemies; whereby the people fall under Thee.”


John, in his apocalyptic vision, sees the same mighty Conqueror going forth. “I saw (he says) a white horse, and He that sat on him had a bow…and He went forth conquering and to conquer

Revelation 6:2 (KJV). This is precisely what is foreshadowed in the star pictured sign now called by the modern Latin name Sagittarius, which means the archer. The Hebrew and Syriac name of the sign is Kesith, which means the Archer (as in Gen 21:20 KJV). The Arabic name is Al Kaus, the arrow. In Coptic it is Pimacre, the graciousness, or beauty of the coming forth. In Greek it is Toxotes, the archer, and in Latin Sagittarius. There are 69 stars in the Sign, viz, 5 of the 3rd magnitude (all in the bow), 9 of the 4th, etc.

The names of the brightest stars are significant: Hebrew, Naim, which means the gracious one. This is exactly what is said of this Victor in the same Psalm (45), in the words immediately preceding the quotation above (verse 2):

“Grace is poured into Thy lips;

Therefore God hath blessed Thee forever.”

Hebrew, Nehushta, the going or sending forth. We see the same in the Arabic names which have come down to us: Al Naim, the gracious one; Al Shaula, the dart; Al Warida, who comes forth; Ruchha or rami, the riding of the bowman. An ancient Akkadian name in the sign is Nun-ki, which means Prince of the Earth. Again we have the picture of a Centaur as to his outward form, I e. a being with two natures. Not now far down in the south, or connected with His sufferings and sacrifice as man; but high up, in the very path in which the sun “rejoiceth in his going forth as a strong man.”

According to Grecian fable, this Sagittarius is Cheiron, the chief Centaur; noble in character, righteous in his dealings, divine in his power. Such will be the coming Seed of the woman in His power and glory:


Psalm 45:6—7 (KJV)

6 Thy throne, O God, is for ever and ever: the sceptre of Thy kingdom is a right sceptre.”

7 “Thou lovest righteousness, and hatest wickedness: therefore God, Thy God, hath anointed Thee with the oil of gladness above Thy fellows.”


In the ancient Zodiac of Denderah He is called (as in Coptic) Pi-maere, i.e. graciousness, beauty of the appearing or coming forth. The characters under the right foot read Knem, which means He conquers. This is He who shall come forth like as an arrow from a bow, “full of grace,” but “conquering and to conquer.”  In all the pictures he is similarly represented, and the arrow in his bow is aimed directly at the heart of the Scorpion. Thus ARATUS sang of Cheiron:

“Midst golden stars he stands refulgent now,

And thrusts the scorpion with his bended bow.”

In this Archer we see a faint reflection of Him who shall presently come forth, all gracious, all wise, all powerful; whose arrows shall be “sharp in the heart of the King’s enemies.”


Psalm 64:7—10 (KJV)

07 “But God shall shoot at them with an arrow; suddenly shall they be wounded.”

08 “So they shall make their own tongue to fall upon themselves: all that see them shall flee away.”

09 “And all men shall fear, and shall declare the work of God; for they shall wisely consider of His doing.”

10 “The righteous shall be glad in the Lord, and shall trust in Him; and all the upright in heart shall glory.”


Christ is coming! let Creation

From her groans and travail cease;

Let the glorious proclamation

Hope restore, and faith increase.

Christ is coming,

Come, Thou blessed Prince of peace.

This brings us to the first of three constellations or sections of this chapter, which takes up this subject of praise to the Conqueror 


LYRA (The Harp)

Praise prepared for the conqueror

Praise waiteth for thee, O God , in Zion” (Ps 65:1 KJV). And when the waiting time is over, and the Redeemer comes forth, then the praise shall be given. Revelation11:17 (KJV) Saying, “We give Thee thanks, O Lord God Almighty, which art, and wast, and art to come; because Thou hast taken to Thee Thy great power, and hast reigned.”


Revelation 19:7 (KJV) “Let us be glad and rejoice, and give honour to Him: for the marriage of the Lamb is come, and His wife hath made herself ready.”


The Twenty first Psalm should be read here, as it tells of the bursting forth of praise on the going forth of this all gracious Conqueror.


Psalm 21:1-8, 10-13 (KJV)

01The king shall joy in Thy strength, O Lord; and in Thy salvation how greatly shall He rejoice!

02 Thou hast given Him His heart's desire, and hast not withholden the request of His lips. Selah.

03 For thou presenteth Him with the blessings of goodness: thou settest a crown of pure gold on His head.

04 He asked life of thee, and thou gavest it Him, even length of days for ever and ever.

05 His glory is great in Thy salvation: honour and majesty hast Thou laid upon Him.

06 For thou hast made Him most blessed for ever: thou hast made Him exceeding glad with Thy countenance.

07 For the king trusteth in the Lord, and through the mercy of the most High He shall not be moved.

08 Thine hand shall find out all thine enemies: thy right hand shall find out those that hate Thee.

10 Their fruit shalt Thou destroy from the earth, and their seed from among the children of men.

11 For they intended evil against Thee: they imagined a mischievous device, which they are not able to perform.

12 Therefore shalt Thou make them turn their back, when Thou shalt make ready thine arrows upon Thy strings against the face of them.

13 Be thou exalted, Lord, in thine own strength: SO WILL WE SING AND PRAISE THY POWER.


Beautifully, then, does the harp come in here, following upon the going forth of this victorious Horseman. This song of the Lamb follows as naturally as does the song of Moses in Ex 15:1 (KJV) “Then sang Moses and the children of Israel this song unto the Lord, and spake, saying, ‘I will sing unto the Lord, for He hath triumphed gloriously: the horse and his rider hath He thrown into the sea.” (Egyptian pursuit by the king and his charioteers to the Red sea) Its brightest star, is one of the most glorious in the heavens, and by it this constellation may be easily known. It shines with a splendid white lustre. It is called Vega, which means He shall be exalted. Its root occurs in the opening of the Song. of Moses, quoted above. Is not this wonderfully expressive? Its other stars are also conspicuous stars, of the 2nd and 4th magnitude. Shelyuk, which means an eagle (as does the Arabic, Al Nesr); is called Sulaphat, springing up, or ascending, as praise. In the Zodiac of Denderah, this constellation is presented as a hawk or an eagle (the enemy of the serpent) in triumph. Its name is Fent-kar; which means the serpent ruled.

There may be some confusion between the Hebrew Nesher, an eagle, and Gnasor, a harp; but there can be no doubt about the grand central truth, that praise shall ascend up “as an eagle toward heaven,” when every creature which is in heaven, and on the earth, shall send up their universal song of praise: “Blessing, and honour, and glory, and power, be unto Him that sitteth upon the throne and unto the Lamb for ever and ever. Amen” Revelation 5:13—14 (KJV).

And for what is all this wondrous anthem of praise? Listen once again. Revelation 19: 1—3 (KJV) “Alleluia: Salvation, and glory, and honour, and power, unto the Lord our GOD; for TRUE AND RIGHTEOUS ARE HIS JUDGEMENTS…And again they said Alleluia.”  With “that blessed hope” before us, Let no HARP remain unstrung; Let the coming advent chorus  Onward roll from tongue to tongue, Hallelujah “Come, Lord Jesus,” quickly come. This brings us to—


ARA (The Altar)

Consuming fire prepared for His enemies

Here we have an altar or burning pyre, placed significantly and ominously upside down! With its fires burning and pointing downwards towards the lower regions, called Tartarus, or the abyss, or “outer darkness.” It is an asterism with nine stars, of which three are of the 3rd magnitude, four of the 4th, etc. It is south of the Scorpion’s tail, and when these constellations were first formed it was visible only on the very lowest horizon of the south, pointing to the completion of all judgement in the lake of fire. In the Zodiac of Denderah we have a different picture, giving us another aspect of the same judgement. It is a man enthroned, with a flail in his hand. His name is Bau, the same name as Hercules has, and means He cometh. It is from the Hebrew (Bōh),

to come, as in Isaiah 63:1 (KJV) “Who is this that cometh from Edom, with dyed garments from Bozrah? This that is glorious in his apparel, travelling in the greatness of his strength? I that speak in righteousness, mighty to save.”


This is coming in judgement, as is clear from the reason given in verse 4 & 5:


Isaiah 63:4—5 (KJV)

4“For the day of vengeance is in mine heart, and the year of my redeemed is come.”

5 “And I looked, and there was none to help; and I wondered that there was none to uphold: therefore Mine own arm brought salvation unto Me; and My fury, it upheld Me.”


The completion of judgement, therefore, is what is pictured both by the burning pyre and the Coming One Enthroned, with His threshing instrument. In Arabic it is called Al Mugamra, which means the completing, or finishing. The Greeks used the word Ara sometimes in the sense of praying., but more frequently in the sense of imprecation or cursing. This is the curse pronounced against the great enemy Satan. This is the burning fire, pointing to the completion of that curse, when he shall be cast into that everlasting fire “prepared for the devil and his (fallen) angels. This is the allusion to it written in the midst of the very Scripture from which we have already quoted, Psalm 21:9 (KJV), where we read in verse 9 (which we then omitted): “Thou shalt make them as a fiery oven in the time of thine anger: The Lord shall swallow them up in His wrath; And the fire shall devour them.”

This brings us to the final scene, closing up this first great book of the Heavens

DRACO (The Dragon)

The old serpent, or the Devil, cast down from Heaven

Each of the three great books concludes with this same foreshadowing of Apocalyptic truth. The same great enemy is referred to in all these pictures. He is the Serpent; He is the Dragon; “the great dragon, that old serpent, called the Devil and Satan” (Rev 12:9 (KJV).The Serpent represents him as the Deceiver; the Dragon, as the Destroyer. The First Book concludes with the Dragon being cast down from heaven. The Second Book concludes with Cetus, the Sea Monster, and Leviathan, bound. The Third Book concludes with Hydra, the Old Serpent, destroyed. Here, at the close of the First Book, we see not merely a dragon, but the Dragon cast down! That is the point of this great star picture.

No one has ever seen a dragon; but among all nations (especially in China and Japan), and in all ages, we find it described and depicted in legend and art. Both Old and New Testaments refer to it, and all unite in connecting with it one and the same great enemy of God and man. It is against him that the God-Man—“the Son of God—goes forth to war.” It is for Him that the eternal fires are prepared. It is he who shall shortly be cast down from the heavens preparatory (prepared) to his completed judgement. It is of him we read,


Revelation 12: 9—10 (KJV)

09 “And the great dragon was cast out, that old serpent, called the Devil, and Satan, which deceiveth the whole world: he was cast out into the earth, and his angels were cast out with him.”

10 “And I heard a loud voice saying in heaven, ‘Now is come salvation, and strength, and the kingdom of our God, and the power of His Christ: for the accuser of our brethren is cast down, which accused them before our God day and night.’”


It is of him that David sings: Psalm 74: 12—14 (KJV)

12 “For God is my King of old, working salvation in the midst of the earth.”

13 “Thou didst divide the sea by thy strength: thou brakest the heads of the dragons in the waters.”

14 “Thou brakest the heads of leviathan in pieces, and gavest him to be meat to the people inhabiting the wilderness.”   


This is exactly what is foreshadowed by this constellation of Draco. Its name is from the Greek, and means trodden on, as in the Septuagint of Psalm 91:13 (KJV) “Thou shalt tread upon the lion and adder: the young lion and the dragon shalt thou trample under feet.” From the Hebrew, Dahrach, to tread. In the Zodiac of Denderah it is shown as a serpent under the forefeet of Sagittarius, and is named Her-fent, which means the serpent accursed! There are 80 stars in the constellation; four of the 2nd magnitude, seven of the 3rd, and ten of the 4th, etc. The brightest star, (in one of the latter coils), is named Thuban (Hebrew), the subtle. Some 4,620 years ago it was the Polar Star. It is manifest therefore, that the Greeks could not have invented this constellation, as is confessed by all modern astronomers. It is still a very important star in nautical reckonings, guiding the commerce of the seas, and thus “the god of this world” is represented as winding in his contortions around the Pole of the world, as if to indicate his subtle influence in all worldly affairs.

The next star (in the head), is called by the Hebrew name Rastaban, and means the head of the subtle (serpent. In the Arabic it is still called Al Waid, which means who is to be destroyed. The next star (also in the head), is called Ethanin, the long serpent or dragon. The Hebrew names of other stars, not yet identified, are Grumian, the subtle; Giansar, the punished enemy. Other (Arabic) names are Al Dib, the reptile; El Athik, the fraudful; El Asieh, the bowed down.

And thus the combined testimony of every star (without a single exception) of each constellation and the constellation of each sign, accords with the testimony of the Word of God concerning the coming Seed of the woman, the bruising of his heel, the crushing of the serpent’s head, “the sufferings of Christ, and the glory which should follow.”

“From far I see the glorious day,

When He who bore our sins away,

Will all His majesty display.


A man of Sorrows once He was,

No friend was found to plead His cause,

As all preferred the world’s applause.


He groaned beneath sin’s awful load,

For in the sinner’s place He stood,

And died to bring Him back to God.


But now He waits, with glory crowned.

While angel host His throne surround,

And still His lofty praises sound.


To few on earth His name is dear,

And they who in His cause appear,

The world’s reproach and scorn must bear.


Jesus, Thy name is all my boast,

And though by waves of trouble tossed,

Thou will not let my soul be lost.


Come then, come quickly from above,

My soul impatient longs to prove,

The depths of everlasting love.”




“The result of the Redeemer’s sufferings”

In the First Book we have had before us the work of the Redeemer set forth as it concerned His own glorious person. In this Second Book it is presented to us as it affects others. Here we see the results of His humiliation, and conflict, and victory—“The sufferings of Christ” and the blessins they procured for His redeemed people.

In Chapter 1, we have the Blessings procured (acquired).

In Chapter 2, their Blessings ensured.

In Chapter 3, their Blessings in abeyance.

In Chapter 4, their Blessings enjoyed.


Chapter 1


(The Sea Goat)

The goat of atonement slain for the redeemed

It is most noteworthy that this Second Book opens with the Goat, and closes with the Ram: two animals of sacrifice; while the two middle chapters are both connected with fishes. There is a fish tail here. The third Decan of CAPRICORNUS is a fish (Delphinus). There is again a fish (Pisces Australis) in the next sign (AQUARIUS), and then the following sign is PISCES, or the Fishes. So that the Redeemed Multitudes are presented throughout this Second Book. The reason for this we shall see as we proceed. Both are combined in the first chapter, or “Sign” of Capricornus. 

In all the ancient Zodiacs, or Planispheres, we find a goat with a fish’s tail. In the Zodiacs of Denderah and Esneh, in Egypt, it is half goat and half fish, and it is there called Hu-penius, which means the place of the sacrifice. In the Indian Zodiac it is a goat passant traversed by a fish. There can be no doubt as to the significance of this sign. In the Goat we have the Atoning Sacrifice, in the Fish we have the people for whom the atonement is made. When we come to the sign “PISCES” we shall see more clearly that it points to the multitudes of the redeemed host.

The Goat is bowing its head as though falling down to death. The right leg is folded underneath the body, and he seems unable to rise with the left. The tail of the fish, on the other hand, seems to be full of vigour and life. The Hebrew name of the sign is Gedi, the kid or cut off, the same as the Arabic Al Gedi. CAPRICORNUS is merely the modern (Latin) name of the sign, and means goat.

There are 51 stars in the sign, three of which are of the 3rd magnitude, three of the 4th, etc. Five are remarkable stars, in the horn and head, and the remaining three in the fishy tail. The star is named Al Gedi, the kid or goat, while the star is called Deneb Al Gedi, the sacrifice cometh.

Other star names in the sign, and not identified, are Dehabeth Arabic have the same meaning; Ma’asad, the slaying; Sa’ad al Naschira, the record of the cutting off. Is not this exactly in accordance with the Scriptures of truth? There were two goats” Of “the goat of the sin offering” it is written, God hath given it to you to bear the iniquity of the congregation, to make atonement for them before the Lord” (Lev 10:16—17 KJV).

Of the other goat, which was not slain, “he shall let it go into the wilderness” (Lev 16:22 KJV) Her is death and resurrection Ecclesiastes 12:7 (KJV) “Then shall the dust return to the earth as it was: and the spirit shall return unto God who gave it.”  Christ was “wounded for our transgressions, and bruised for our iniquities.” “For the transgression of MY PEOPLE was He stricken” (Isa 53 KJV). He laid down His life for the sheep.

In the first chapter of the First Book we had the same Blessed One presented as “a corn of wheat.” Here we see Him come to “die,” and hence not abiding alone, but bringing forth “much fruit” (John12:24 KJV). The living fish proceeds from the dying goat, and yet they form only one body That picture, which has no parallel in nature, has a perfectly true counterpart in grace; and “a great multitude, which no man can number,” have been redeemed and shall obtain eternal life through the death of their Redeemer. It is, however, not merely the actual death that is set before us here. The first chapter in each book has for its great subject the Person of the Redeemer in prophecy and promise The last chapter in each book has for its subject the fulfillment of that prophecy in victory and triumph, in the Person of the Redeemer:  while the two central chapters in each book are occupied with the work which is the accomplishment of the promise, presented in two aspects—the former connected with grace, the latter with conflict.

Thus the structure of each of the three books is an Epanodos, having for its first and last members the Person of the Redeemer (in “A” in Prophecy; in “A” in fulfillment), while in the two central members we have the work and its accomplishment (in “B” in grace; and in “B” in conflict). It may be thus presented to the eye:-

The First Book

A | VIRGO. The Prophecy of the Bruised Seed.

     B | LIBRA. The work accomplished (in grace).

      B | SCORPIO. The work accomplished in (conflict).

A | SAGITTARIUS. The fulfillment of the promised victory.


The Second Book

 C | CAPRICORNUS. The Prophecy of the Promised Deliverance.

      D | AQUARIUS. Results of the work bestowed (in grace).

      D | PISCES. Results of the work enjoyed in (conflict).

 C | ARIES. The Fulfillment of the Promised Deliverance.


The Third Book.

E | TAURUS. The Prophecy of the coming judge of all the earth.

     F | GEMINI. The Redeemer’s reign (Grace and Glory).

     F | CANCER. The Redeemer’s possession (safe from all conflict).

E | LEO. The Fulfillment of the promised Triumph.


Hence in CAPRICORNUS we must look for the prophecy of this Coming Sacrifice. As a matter of fact it did actually point out the time when the Sun of Righteousness should arise, and “the Light of the World” appears. For when this Promised Seed was born the Sun was actually in this sign of Capricornus! “The fulness of time was come,and “God sent forth His Son  TO REDEEM them that were under the Law (Gal 4:4 KJV).

The Sun was really amongst those very stars—Al Gedi, the kid, and Deneb Al Gedi, the sacrifice cometh—when this willing Sacrifice said, Lo I come to do Thy will, O God.  The nights were at their darkest and their longest when Jesus was born. The days began immediately to lengthen when He, “the true light had come into the world.” When we come to the last chapter of this book we shall see that the Sun was in the sign of the other sacrificial animal, ARIES, at the very hour of the Crucifixion. And ARIES sets before us the victory of the “Lamb that was slain.Astronomers confess that the perverted legends of the Greeks give but “a tame account” of this sign, “and it offers no illustration of its ancient origin.”

Its ancient origin reveals a prophetic knowledge, which only He possessed who knew that in “the fulness of timeHe would send forth His Son. We now come to the three constellations which give us three pictures setting forth the death of this Sacrifice and of His living again. “Christ was crucified, He died and was buried in a sepulchre in the garden of Gethsemane, three days later He rose from the dead, and now lives with His father on a throne; in Heaven.” He said to the Pharisees:


 John 2:19 KJV “Jesus answered and said unto them, ‘Destroy this temple, and in three days I will raise it up.’” showing to us the way back to the Father. Ecclesiastes 12:7 (KJV) Then shall the dust return to the earth as it was: and the spirit shall return unto God who gave it.”