Pompey’s Siege of Jerusalem

The Wars of the Jews

J E Bradburn

In chapter 7 of the wars of the Jews (Hebrews), the Jewish historian Josephus says, that Pompey the Roman general, admired the courage of the Hebrews as their city was being attacked. He was impressed that they continued their worship services while missiles were flying at them from all directions. It is as if Jerusalem were wrapped in peace in the midst of this violence. Even when the Romans entered the city and took the temple, the people continued to worship and to die beside the altar.


The Hebrew’s have a saying:

“If you are afraid to die; then there is something wrong with the way you live on this earth(Israelis are very friendly people and are always willing to help).


Luke 2:1—3 (KJV)

1 “And it came to pass in those days, that there went out a decree from Caesar Augustus that all the world should be taxed

2 “(And this taxing was first made when Cyrenius was governor of Syria).”

3 “And all went to be taxed, every one into his own city


Matthew 2:1—2 (KJV)

1 “Now when Jesus was born in Bethlehem of Judaea in the days of Herod the king, behold, there came wise men from the east to Jerusalem

2 “Saying, “Where is He that is born King of the Jews?’ ‘For we have seen His star in the east, and are come to worship Him.’”


Herod the Great determined that he would please his Jewish (Hebrew) subjects and distinguish his style of kingship to the Romans  by making the Jerusalem Temple bigger and better than it had ever been. His most notable contribution was the magnificent stonework of the Temple platform that was greatly enlarged. The descriptions in Josephus and the Mishnah have been fleshed out by recent archaeological discoveries.

  Another of his impressive projects was the Herodium, a fortress palace built about four miles southeast of Bethlehem. There; was Herod buried. The fortress captured in A. D 72, was one of the last strongholds of Jewish resistance in the war with Rome. The Herodium served as a supply depot in the unsuccessful revolt of A.D. 132—135. Herod also built the fortress at Masada. Jericho means “moon.” Apparently, Jericho is the oldest city in the world and was the first city Israel conquered under Joshua.  http://www.godsplan.org.uk/Lineage6.htm

  New Testament Jericho, founded by Herod the Great, was about one and half miles southward in the magnificent Wadi Qelt. The spring, Ain es-Sultan, issues some 30,000 cubic feet of water daily which falls about 160 feet in the first mile of its course down many channels to the Jordan River six miles away, irrigating about 2,500 acres.

  The combination of rich alluvian soil, the perennial spring, and constant sunshine made Jericho an attractive place for settlement. Jericho could be called “city of palms” and has plenty of palm trees today.  


Deuteronomy 34:3 (KJV) “And the south, and the plain of the valley of Jericho, the city of palm trees, unto Zoar


Image result for Kenites who are they imagesJudges 1:16,. (KJV) “And the children of the Kenite, Moses' father in law, went up out of the city of palm trees with the children of Judah into the wilderness of Judah, which lieth in the south of Arad; and they went and dwelt among the peoplehttp://www.godsplan.org.uk/Fourpillarsofsociety.htm


Genesis 3; 15 (KJV) “And I will put enmity between thee and the woman [Israel], and between thy seed and her seed; it shall bruise thy head, and thou shalt bruise His heel [Crucifixion].” http://www.godsplan.org.uk/markofcain.htm


Judges 3:13 (KJV) “And he gathered unto him the children of Ammon and Amalek, and went and smote Israel, and possessed the city of palm trees


2 Chronicles 28:15 (KJV) “And the men which were expressed by name rose up, and took the captives, and with the spoil clothed all that were naked among them, and arrayed them, and shod them, and gave them to eat and to drink, and anointed them, and carried all the feeble of them upon asses, and brought them to Jericho, the city of palm trees, to their brethren: then they returned to Samaria


In New Testament times Jericho was famous for its balm (an aromatic gum known for its medical qualities). This, along with its being the winter capital, made it a wealthy city. When Jesus was hosted by Zacchaeus, it was probably in one of Jericho’s finest houses.


Luke 19: 1—10 (KJV)

01 “And Jesus entered and passed through Jericho

   02 “And, behold, there was a man named Zacchaeus, which was the chief among the publicans, and he was rich

   03 “And he sought to see Jesus who he was; and could not for the press, because he was little of stature

04 “And he ran before, and climbed up into a sycamore tree to see him: for he was to pass that way

05 “And when Jesus came to the place, he looked up, and saw him, and said unto him, Zacchaeus, make haste, and come down; for today I must abide at thy house

06 “And he made haste, and came down, and received Him joyfully

07 “And when they saw it, they all murmured, saying, ‘That he was gone to be guest with a man that is a sinner.’”

08 “And Zacchaeus stood, and said unto the Lord: ‘Behold, Lord, the half of my goods I give to the poor; and if I have taken anything from any man by false accusation, I restore him fourfold

09 “And Jesus said unto him, ‘This day is salvation come to this house, forsomuch as he also is a son of Abraham.’”

10 “For the Son of man is come to seek and to save that which was lost


Its sycamore trees were quite valuable. Such a city could expect to have its share of beggars, as the Gospels tell us.


Matthew 20:29—34 (KJV)

29 “And as they departed from Jericho, a great multitude followed Him

30 “And, behold, two blind men sitting by the way side, when they heard that Jesus passed by, cried out, saying, ‘Have mercy on us, O Lord, thou son of David.’”

31 “And the multitude rebuked them, because they should hold their peace: but they cried the more, saying, ‘Have mercy on us, O Lord, thou son of David.’”

32 “And Jesus stood still, and called them, and said, ‘What will ye that I shall do unto you?’”

33 “They say unto him, ‘Lord, that our eyes may be opened.’”

34 “So Jesus had compassion on them, and touched their eyes: and immediately their eyes received sight, and they followed Him


Mark 10: 46—52 (KJV)

46 “And they came to Jericho: and as He went out of Jericho with his disciples and a great number of people, blind Bartimaeus, the son of Timaeus, sat by the highway side begging.”

47 “And when he heard that it was Jesus of Nazareth, he began to cry out, and say, ‘Jesus, thou son of David, have mercy on me.’”

48 “And many charged him that he should hold his peace: but he cried the more a great deal, ‘Thou son of David, have mercy on me.’”

49 “And Jesus stood still, and commanded him to be called. And they call the blind man, saying unto him,’ Be of good comfort, rise; He calleth thee.’”

50 “And he, casting away his garment, rose, and came to Jesus

51 “And Jesus answered and said unto him, ‘What wilt thou that I should do unto thee?’ The blind man said unto him, ‘Lord, that I might receive my sight.’”

52 “And Jesus said unto him, ‘Go thy way; thy faith hath made thee whole.’ And immediately he received his sight, and followed Jesus in the way.’” http://www.godsplan.org.uk/faith.htm


Luke 18: 35—43 (KJV)

35 “And it came to pass, that as He was come nigh unto Jericho, a certain blind man sat by the way side begging

36 “And hearing the multitude pass by, he asked what it meant

37 “And they told him, that Jesus of Nazareth passeth by

38 “And he cried, saying, ‘Jesus, thou son of David, have mercy on me.’”

39 “And they which went before rebuked him, that he should hold his peace: but he cried so much the more, ‘Thou son of David, have mercy on me.’”

40 “And Jesus stood, and commanded him to be brought unto him: and when he was come near, He asked him

41 “Saying, What wilt thou that I shall do unto thee? And he said, ‘Lord, that I may receive my sight.’”

42 “And Jesus said unto him, ‘Receive thy sight: thy faith hath saved thee.’”

43 “And immediately he received his sight, and followed Him, glorifying God: and all the people, when they saw it, gave praise unto God


http://www.godsplan.org.uk/lifeofjesus_files/image006.pngThe Life and ministry of Jesus of Nazareth

Perhaps the earliest account (Gospel of Mark) of Jesus begins abruptly when He presented Himself at the Jordan River to the desert prophet John the Baptist as a candidate for baptism.  (In the image on the left is a view of Bethlehem, the place of Jesus’ birth). All that is said about His origin is that He came to the river “from Nazareth”


Mark 1:9 (KJV) “And it came to pass in those days, that Jesus came from Nazareth of Galilee, and was baptized of John in Jordan




“Jesus of Nazareth” was a designation that followed Him to the day of His Crucifixion.


John 19:19 (KJV) “And Pilate wrote a title, and put it on the cross Stake. And the writing was Jesus Of Nazareth The King Of the Jews “Hebrews.”


His Origins

Matthew’s Gospel demonstrates that although Nazareth was Jesus’s home when He came to John for baptism, He was not born there. Rather, He was born (as the Hebrew Messiah must be) in Bethlehem, the “city of David,” as a descendent of David’s royal line.


Matthew 1:1—17  (KJV) 

01 “The book of the generation of Jesus Christ, the son of David, the son of Abrahamhttp://www.godsplan.org.uk/Bereshith.htm

02 “Abraham begat Isaac; and Isaac begat Jacob; and Jacob begat Judas and his brethren

03 “And Judas begat Phares and Zara of Thamar; and Phares begat Esrom; and Esrom begat Aram

04 “And Aram begat Aminadab; and Aminadab begat Naasson; and Naasson begat Salmon;”

05 “And Salmon begat Booz of Rachab; and Booz begat Obed of Ruth; and Obed begat Jesse;”

06 “And Jesse begat David the king; and David the king begat Solomon of her that had been the wife of Urias

07 And Solomon begat Roboam; and Roboam begat Abia; and Abia begat Asa;

08 And Asa begat Josaphat; and Josaphat begat Joram; and Joram begat Ozias;

09 And Ozias begat Joatham; and Joatham begat Achaz; and Achaz begat Ezekias;

10 And Ezekias begat Manasses; and Manasses begat Amon; and Amon begat Josias;

11 And Josias begat Jechonias and his brethren, about the time they were carried away to Babylon:

12 And after they were brought to Babylon, Jechonias begat Salathiel; and Salathiel begat Zorobabel;

13 And Zorobabel begat Abiud; and Abiud begat Eliakim; and Eliakim begat Azor;

14 And Azor begat Sadoc; and Sadoc begat Achim; and Achim begat Eliud;

15 And Eliud begat Eleazar; and Eleazar begat Matthan; and Matthan begat Jacob;

16 “And Jacob begat Joseph the husband of Mary Mariam of whom was born Jesus, who is called Christ

17 “So all the generations from Abraham to David are fourteen generations; and from David until the carrying away into Babylon are fourteen generations; and from the carrying away into Babylon unto Christ are fourteen generations


Matthew 2:1—6 (KJV)

1 “Now when Jesus was born in Bethlehem of Judaea in the days of Herod the king, behold, there came wise men from the east to Jerusalem

2 “Saying, ‘Where is he that is born King of the Jews? for we have seen His star in the east, and are come to worship Him.’”

3 “When Herod the king had heard these things, he was troubled, and all Jerusalem with him

4 “And when he had gathered all the chief priests and scribes of the people together, he demanded of them where Christ should be born.”

5 “And they said unto him, In Bethlehem of Judaea: for thus it is written by the prophet

6 “And thou Bethlehem, in the land of Juda, art not the least among the princes of Juda: for out of thee shall come a Governor, that shall rule My people Israel




The Child born in Bethlehem was reared to an adult in Nazareth, and was described by His enemies as a “Nazarene” literally Nazarite.


Matthew 2:23 (KJV) “And He came and dwelt in a city called Nazareth: that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the prophets, He shall be called a Nazarene


The play on words seems intended to poke fun simultaneously at Jesus’ obscure origins and at the stark contrast (in the eyes of many) between His supposed Holiness (like the Nazarites of the O.T.) and His practice of keeping company with sinners, prostitutes, and tax collectors.


Mark 2:17 (KJV) “When Jesus heard it, He saith unto them, ‘They that are whole have no need of the physician, but they that are sick: I came not to call the righteous, but sinners to repentance.’” 


The Gospel of Luke supplies background information on John the Baptist, revealing how the families of John and Jesus were related both by kinship and by circumstances.


Luke 1:5—80 (KJV)

05 “There was in the days of Herod, the king of Judaea, a certain priest named Zacharias, of the course of Abia: and his wife was of the daughters of Aaron, and her name was Elisabeth

06 “And they were both righteous before God, walking in all the commandments and ordinances of the Lord blameless

07 “And they had no child, because that Elisabeth was barren, and they both were now well stricken in years

08 “And it came to pass, that while he executed the priest's office before God in the order of his course

09 “According to the custom of the priest's office, his lot was to burn incense when he went into the temple of the Lord

10 “And the whole multitude of the people were praying without at the time of incense

11 “And there appeared unto him an angel of the Lord standing on the right side of the altar of incense

12 “And when Zacharias saw him, he was troubled, and fear fell upon him

13 “But the angel said unto him, ‘Fear not, Zacharias: for thy prayer is heard; and thy wife Elisabeth shall bear thee a son, and thou shalt call his name John.’”

14 “And thou shalt have joy and gladness; and many shall rejoice at his birth

15 “For he shall be great in the sight of the Lord, and shall drink neither wine nor strong drink; and he shall be filled with the Holy Ghost, even from his mother's womb

16 “And many of the children of Israel shall he turn to the Lord their God

17 “And he shall go before Him in the spirit and power of Elias, to turn the hearts of the fathers to the children, and the disobedient to the wisdom of the just; to make ready a people prepared for the Lord

18 “And Zacharias said unto the angel, ‘Whereby shall I know this? for I am an old man, and my wife well stricken in years.’”

19 “And the angel answering said unto him, ‘I am Gabriel, that stand in the presence of God; and am sent to speak unto thee, and to shew thee these glad tidings.’”

20 “And, behold, thou shalt be dumb, and not able to speak, until the day that these things shall be performed, because thou believest not my words, which shall be fulfilled in their season

21 “And the people waited for Zacharias, and marvelled that he tarried so long in the temple

22 “And when he came out, he could not speak unto them: and they perceived that he had seen a vision in the temple: for he beckoned unto them, and remained speechless

23 “And it came to pass, that, as soon as the days of his ministration were accomplished, he departed to his own house

24 “And after those days his wife Elisabeth conceived, and hid herself five months, saying

25 “Thus hath the Lord dealt with me in the days wherein he looked on me, to take away my reproach among men

26 “And in the sixth month the angel Gabriel was sent from God unto a city of Galilee, named Nazareth

27 “To a virgin espoused to a man whose name was Joseph, of the house of David; and the virgin's name was Mary Mariam

28 “And the angel came in unto her, and said, ‘Hail, thou that art highly favoured, the Lord is with thee: blessed art thou among women.’”

29 “And when she saw him, she was troubled at his saying, and cast in her mind what manner of salutation this should be

30 “And the angel said unto her, ‘Fear not, Mary Mariam for thou hast found favour with God.’”

31 “And, behold, thou shalt conceive in thy womb, and bring forth a son, and shalt call his name Jesushttp://www.godsplan.org.uk/nativityofjesus.htm

32 “He shall be great, and shall be called the Son of the Highest: and the Lord God shall give unto Him the throne of His father Davidhttp://www.godsplan.org.uk/thesufferingsandglory.htm

33 “And he shall reign over the house of Jacob for ever; and of His kingdom there shall be no endhttp://www.godsplan.org.uk/kingdom.htm

34 “Then said Mary Mariam unto the angel, ‘How shall this be, seeing I know not a man?’”

35 “And the angel answered and said unto her, ‘The Holy Ghost shall come upon thee, and the power of the Highest shall overshadow thee: therefore also that holy thing which shall be born of thee shall be called the Son of God [Elohim]’”

36 “And, behold, thy cousin Elisabeth, she hath also conceived a son in her old age: and this is the sixth month with her, who was called barren

37 “For with God nothing shall be impossible

38 “And Mary Mariam said, ‘Behold the handmaid of the Lord; be it unto me according to thy word. And the angel departed from her.’”

39 “And Mary Mariam arose in those days, and went into the hill country with haste, into a city of Juda

40 “And entered into the house of Zacharias, and saluted Elisabeth

41 “And it came to pass, that, when Elisabeth heard the salutation of Mary Mariam, the babe leaped in her womb; and Elisabeth was filled with the Holy Ghost

42 “And she spake out with a loud voice, and said, ‘Blessed art thou among women, and blessed is the fruit of thy womb.’”

43 “And whence is this to me, that the mother of my Lord should come to me

44 “For, lo, as soon as the voice of thy salutation sounded in mine ears, the babe leaped in my womb for joy

45 “And blessed is she that believed: for there shall be a performance of those things which were told her from the Lord

46 “And Mary Mariam said, ‘My soul doth magnify the Lord,’”

47 “And my spirit hath rejoiced in God my Saviour

48 “For He hath regarded the low estate of His handmaiden: for, behold, from henceforth all generations shall call me blessed

49 “For He that is mighty hath done to me great things; and holy is His name

50 “And His mercy is on them that fear Him from generation to generation

51 “He hath shewed strength with His arm; He hath scattered the proud in the imagination of their hearts

52 “He hath put down the mighty from their seats, and exalted them of low degree

53 “He hath filled the hungry with good things; and the rich he hath sent empty away

54 “He hath helped His servant Israel, in remembrance of His mercy

55 “As he spake to our fathers, to Abraham, and to His seed for ever

56 “And Mary Mariam abode with her about three months, and returned to her own house

57 “Now Elisabeth's full time came that she should be delivered; and she brought forth a son

58 “And her neighbours and her cousins heard how the Lord had shewed great mercy upon her; and they rejoiced with her

59 “And it came to pass, that on the eighth day they came to circumcise the child; and they called him Zacharias, after the name of his father

60 “And his mother answered and said, ‘Not so; but he shall be called John.’”

61 “And they said unto her, ‘There is none of thy kindred that is called by this name.’”

62 “And they made signs to his father, how he would have him called

63 “And he asked for a writing table, and wrote, saying, ‘His name is John.’ And they marvelled all

64 “And his mouth was opened immediately, and his tongue loosed, and he spake, and praised God

65 “And fear came on all that dwelt round about them: and all these sayings were noised abroad throughout all the hill country of Judaea

66 “And all they that heard them laid them up in their hearts, saying, ‘What manner of child shall this be!’ And the hand of the Lord was with him

67 “And his father Zacharias was filled with the Holy Ghost, and prophesied, saying

68 “Blessed be the Lord God of Israel; for He hath visited and redeemed His people

69 “And hath raised up an horn of salvation for us in the house of His servant David

70 “As He spake by the mouth of his holy prophets, which have been since the world began

71 “That we should be saved from our enemies and from the hand of all that hate us

72 “To perform the mercy promised to our fathers, and to remember His holy covenant

73 “The oath which He sware to our father Abraham Judah and Ben and the http://godsplan.org.uk/fulltentribes.htm

74 “That He would grant unto us, that we being delivered out of the hand of our enemies might serve Him without fear,”

75 “In holiness and righteousness before Him, all the days of our life.”

76 “And thou, child, shalt be called the prophet of the Highest: for thou shalt go before the face of the Lord to prepare His ways;”

77 “To give knowledge of salvation unto His people by the remission of their sins,”

78 “Through the tender mercy of our God; whereby the dayspring from on high hath visited us,”

79 “To give light to them that sit in darkness and in the shadow of death, to guide our feet into the way of peace.”

80 “And the child grew, and waxed strong in spirit, and was in the deserts till the day of His shewing unto Israel.” http://www.godsplan.org.uk/teacher.htm  http://www.godsplan.org.uk/teachingofjesus.htm


Luke added that Nazareth was the family home of Jesus’ parents all along, yet he confirmed Matthew’s testimony that the family was of the line of David. http://www.godsplan.org.uk/Bereshith.htm


Luke 1:26—27 (KJV)

26 “And in the sixth month the angel Gabriel was sent from God unto a city of Galilee, named Nazareth

27 “To a virgin espoused to a man whose name was Joseph, of the house of David; and the virgin's name was Mary Mariam


Luke introduced the Roman census as the reason for their return to the ancestral city of Bethlehem just before Jesus’ birth.


Luke 2:1—7 (KJV)

1 “And it came to pass in those days, that there went out a decree from Caesar Augustus that all the world should be taxed

2 (And this taxing was first made when Cyrenius was governor of Syria.)

3 “And all went to be taxed, every one into his own city

4 “And Joseph also went up from Galilee, out of the city of Nazareth, into Judaea, unto the city of David, which is called Bethlehem;” (because he was of the house and lineage of David:)

5 “To be taxed with Joseph his espoused wife Mariam, being great with child

6 “And so it was, that, while they were there, the days were accomplished that she should be delivered

7 “And she brought forth her firstborn son, and wrapped Him in swaddling clothes, and laid Him in a manger; because there was no room for them in the inn


More of a biographer that either Mark of Matthew, Luke provided glimpses of Jesus as an eight-day-old-infant.


Luke 2:21-39 (KJV)

21 “And when eight days were accomplished for the circumcising of the child, His name was called Jesus, which was so named of the angel before He was conceived in the womb

22 “And when the days of her purification according to the Law of Moses were accomplished, they brought Him to Jerusalem, to present Him to the Lord:

23 “(As it is written in the law of the Lord, Every male that openeth the womb shall be called holy to the Lord ;)”

24 “And to offer a sacrifice according to that which is said in the law of the Lord, A pair of turtledoves, or two young pigeons

25 “And, behold, there was a man in Jerusalem, whose name was Simeon; and the same man was just and devout, waiting for the consolation of Israel: and the Holy Ghost was upon Him.”

26 “And it was revealed unto him by the Holy Ghost, that he should not see death, before he had seen the Lord's Christ

27 “And he came by the Spirit into the temple: and when the parents brought in the child Jesus, to do for Him after the custom of the law,”

28 “Then took he Him up in his arms, and blessed God, and said

29 “Lord, now lettest thou thy servants depart in peace, according to thy word

30 “For mine eyes have seen Thy salvation

31 “Which Thou hast prepared before the face of all people

32 “A light to lighten the Gentiles, and the glory of thy people Israel

33 “And Joseph and his mother marvelled at those things which were spoken of Him

34 “And Simeon blessed them, and said unto Mary Mariam his mother, ‘Behold, this child is set for the fall and rising again of many in Israel; and for a sign which shall be spoken against;’”

35 “(Yea, a sword shall pierce through thy own soul also,) that the thoughts of many hearts may be revealed.”

36 “And there was one Anna, a prophetess, the daughter of Phanuel, of the tribe of Aser: she was of a great age, and had lived with an husband seven years from her virginity

37 “And she was a widow of about fourscore and four years, which departed not from the temple, but served God with fastings and prayers night and day

38 “And she coming in that instant gave thanks likewise unto the Lord, and spake of Him to all them that looked for redemption in Jerusalem http://godsplan.org.uk/christtheredeemer.htm

39 “And when they had performed all things according to the law of the Lord, they returned into Galilee, to their own city Nazareth




Luke 2:40—52 (KJV

40 “And the child grew, and waxed strong in spirit, filled with wisdom: and the grace of God was upon Him.”

41 “Now His parents went to Jerusalem every year at the feast of the Passover

42 “And when He was twelve years old, they went up to Jerusalem after the custom of the feast.”

43 “And when they had fulfilled the days, as they returned, the child Jesus tarried behind in Jerusalem; and Joseph and His mother knew not of it

44 “But they, supposing him to have been in the company, went a day's journey; and they sought Him among their kinsfolk and acquaintance

45 “And when they found Him not, they turned back again to Jerusalem, seeking Him

46 “And it came to pass, that after three days they found Him in the temple, sitting in the midst of the doctors, both hearing them, and asking them questions

47 “And all that heard Him were astonished at his understanding and answers

48 “And when they saw Him, they were amazed: and His mother said unto Him, ‘Son, why hast thou thus dealt with us? Behold, thy father and I have sought thee sorrowing.’”

49 “And He said unto them, ‘How is it that ye sought Me? Wist ye not that I must be about my Father's business?’”

50 “And they understood not the saying which he spake unto them

51 “And He went down with them, and came to Nazareth, and was subject unto them: but His mother kept all these sayings in her heart.’”

52 “And Jesus increased in wisdom and stature, and in favour with God and man


A Man of 30 Beginning His Ministry

Luke 3: 21—23 (KJV)

21 “Now when all the people were baptized, it came to pass, that Jesus also being baptized, and praying, the heaven was opened

22 “And the Holy Ghost descended in a bodily shape like a dove upon Him, and a voice came from heaven, which said, ‘Thou art My beloved Son; in thee I am well pleased (Hebrew: Jehovah and His son Elohim)

23 “And Jesus Himself began to be about thirty years of age, being (as was supposed) the son of Joseph, which was the son of Helihttps://levendwater.org/companion/append4.html


Only when this brief biographical sketch was complete did Luke append his genealogy:

Jehovah. While Elohim is God as the Creator of all things https://levendwater.org/companion/append4.html

Jehovah. While Elohim is God as the Creator of all things, Jehovah is the same God in covenant relation to those whom He has created (Cp. 2Chron. 18:31). Jehovah means the Eternal, the Immutable One, He Who WAS, and IS, and IS TO COME. http://www.godsplan.org.uk/secondadvent.htm The Divine definition is given in Genesis 21:33 (KJV) “And Abraham planted a grove in Beersheba, and called there on the name of the Lord, the everlasting God.”   He is especially, therefore, the God of Israel; and the God of those who are redeemed, and are thus now "in Christ". We can say "My God," but not "My Jehovah", for Jehovah is "MY God."


Luke 3: 23:38 (KJV)

23 “And Jesus Himself began to be about thirty years of age, being (as was supposed) the son of Joseph, which was the son of Heli


24 “Which was the son of Matthat, which was the son of Levi, which was the son of Melchi, which was the son of Janna, which was the son of Joseph

25 “Which was the son of Mattathias, which was the son of Amos, which was the son of Naum, which was the son of Esli, which was the son of Nagge

26 “Which was the son of Maath, which was the son of Mattathias, which was the son of Semei, which was the son of Joseph, which was the son of Juda

27 “Which was the son of Joanna, which was the son of Rhesa, which was the son of Zorobabel, which was the son of Salathiel, which was the son of Neri

28 “Which was the son of Melchi, which was the son of Addi, which was the son of Cosam, which was the son of Elmodam, which was the son of Er

29 “Which was the son of Jose, which was the son of Eliezer, which was the son of Jorim, which was the son of Matthat, which was the son of Levi

30 “Which was the son of Simeon, which was the son of Juda, which was the son of Joseph, which was the son of Jonan, which was the son of Eliakim

31 “Which was the son of Melea, which was the son of Menan, which was the son of Mattatha, which was the son of Nathan, which was the son of David

32 “Which was the son of Jesse, which was the son of Obed, which was the son of Booz, which was the son of Salmon, which was the son of Naasson

33 “Which was the son of Aminadab, which was the son of Aram, which was the son of Esrom, which was the son of Phares, which was the son of Juda

34 “Which was the son of Jacob, which was the son of Isaac, which was the son of Abraham, which was the son of Thara, which was the son of Nachor

35 “Which was the son of Saruch, which was the son of Ragau, which was the son of Phalec, which was the son of Heber, which was the son of Sala

36 “Which was the son of Cainan, which was the son of Arphaxad, which was the son of Sem, which was the son of Noe, which was the son of Lamech

37 “Which was the son of Mathusala, which was the son of Enoch, which was the son of Jared, which was the son of Maleleel, which was the son of Cainan


38 “Which was the son of Enos, which was the son of Seth, which was the son of Adam, which was the son of God


http://www.godsplan.org.uk/book1.htm  http://www.godsplan.org.uk/Bereshith.htm  http://www.godsplan.org.uk/formSoul.htm


Which confirms in passing Jesus’ Davidic ancestry: Luke 3:31(KJV) “Which was the son of Melea, which was the son of Menan, which was the son of Mattatha, which was the son of Nathan, which was the son of David


Luke 1:32—33 (KJV)

32 “He shall be great, and shall be called the Son of the Highest: and the Lord God shall give unto Him the throne of His father David

33 “And He shall reign over the house of Jacob for ever; and of His kingdom there shall be no end


While emphasising above all; His solidarity with the human race in its descent from “Adam, Elohim, and Son of God


Luke 3:38 (KJV) “Which was the son of Enos, which was the son of Seth, which was the son of Adam, which was the son of God


The reflection on Jesus’ baptism in the Gospel of John centres on John the Baptist’s acknowledgement that “Jesus surpassed me, because He existed before me


John 1:30 (KJV) “This is He of whom I said, ‘After me cometh a man which is preferred before me: for He was before me


Compare John 1:15 (KJV) “John bare witness of Him, and cried, saying, ‘This was He of whom I spake, He that cometh after me is preferred before me: for He was before me


This pronouncement allowed the Gospel writer to turn the story of Jesus’ origins into a theological confession by tracing Jesus’ existence back to the creation of the world and before.


John 1: 1—5 (KJV)

1 “In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God [Jehovah]Jehovah spoke as Spirit; and Elohim created: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/E._W._Bullinger

2 “The same was in the beginning with God [Elohim).”

3 “All things were made by Him; and without Him was not anything made that was made

4 “In Him was life; and the life was the light of men  http://www.godsplan.org.uk/book1.htm  

5 “And the light shineth in darkness; and the darkness comprehended it not http://www.godsplan.org.uk/internalspirit.htm                            


When He taught in Nazareth, http://www.godsplan.org.uk/teachingofjesus.htm the townspeople asked, “Is not this the carpenter’s son the son of Mariam, and the brother of James, Joses, Judas, and Simon? And are not His sisters here with us?


Mark 6:3 (KJV) “Is not this the carpenter, the Son of Mary Mariam, the brother of James, and Joses, and of Juda, and Simon? and are not His sisters here with us? And they were offended at Him


Compare Luke 4:2 (KJV) “being Forty days tempted of the devil.’ ‘And in those days He did eat nothing:’ and when they were ended, He afterward hungered.’”


When He taught in Capernaum, they asked:


John 6:42 (KJV) “And they said, ‘Is not this Jesus, the son of Joseph, whose father and mother we know?’ ‘how is it then that He saith, I came down from heaven?’” http://www.godsplan.org.uk/teacher.htm




Through two Gospels of Matthew and Luke, they tell of His mother Mariam’s miraculous conception and of Jesus’ virgin birth. These matters were not public knowledge during His time on earth, for “Mariam was storing up all these things in her heart and meditating on them


Luke 2:19 (KJV) “But Mary Mariam kept all these things, and pondered them in her heart


  Compare Luke 2:51 (KJV) “And He went down with them, and came to Nazareth, and was subject unto them: but His mother kept all these sayings in her heart


Jesus [Elohim] and the God of Israel [Jehoavah]


Even after the momentous events associated with Jesus’s [Elohim] baptism in the Jordan River—the descent of Jehovah’s Spirit on Him like a dove and the voice from heaven announcing “You are My beloved Son; in you I take delight!”


Mark 1:10—11 (KJV)

10 “And straightway coming up out of the water, He saw the heavens opened, and the Spirit like a dove descending upon Him

11 “And there came a voice from heaven, saying, ‘Thou art My beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased”


His identity as Son of God remained hidden from those around Him. We have no evidence that anyone except Jesus, and John the Baptist, either heard the voice, or saw the dove. Ironically, the first intimation after the Baptism that He was more than simply “Jesus of Nazareth” came not from His family or friends, or from the religious leaders of Israel; but from the enemy, Satan. Twice Satan challenged Him.


Luke 4:3 (KJV) “And the devil said unto Him, ‘If thou be the Son of God, command this stone that it be made bread.’”


Luke 4:9 (KJV) “And He brought Him to Jerusalem, and set Him on a pinnacle of the temple, and said unto Him, If thou be the Son of God, cast thyself down from hence:”

Jesus [Elohim] made no attempt to defend or make use of His divine Son-ship but appealed instead to an authority to which any devout Hebrew of His day might have appealed—The Holy Scriptures—and through them to the God of Israel. Citing three passages from Deuteronomy, Jesus called attention not to Himself, but to “the Lord your God”


Luke 4:8 (KJV) “And Jesus answered and said unto him, ‘Get thee behind Me, Satan: for it is written, ‘Thou shalt worship the Lord thy God, and Him only shalt thou serve.’”



Compare Mark 10:18 (KJV) “And Jesus said unto him, ‘Why callest thou Me good? there is none good but one, that is, Jehovah God



Mark 12: 29—30 (KJV)

29 “And Jesus answered him, ‘The first of all the commandments is, Hear, O Israel; The Lord our God is one Lord:’”

30 “And thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind, and with all thy strength: this is the first commandment



       The rugged wilderness terrains on the east face of the Mount of Temptation.       Jesus apparently used this story out of His personal experience to teach His disciples, that they too, must live—on every word that comes from the mouth of Jehovah.


Matthew 4:4 (KJV) “But He answered and said, ‘It is written, Man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word that proceedeth out of the mouth of Jehovah God


Luke 4:12 (KJV) “And Jesus answering said unto him, ‘It is said, Thou shalt not tempt the Lord thy God.’”


Luke 4:8 (KJV) “And Jesus answered and said unto him, Get thee behind me, Satan: for it is written, Thou shalt worship the Lord thy God, and him only shalt thou serve


Two things about this temptation event have a special bearing on the ministry of Jesus as a whole.


1.      The God-centred [Jehovah] character of His message continued in the proclamation He began in Galilee when He turned home from the desert.

Mark 1:15 (KJV) “And saying, The time is fulfilled, and the kingdom of God is at hand: repent ye, and believe the gospel  Compare Matthew 4:17 (KJV) “From that time Jesus began to preach, and to say, ‘Repent: for the kingdom of heaven is at hand.’” Mark called this proclamation “The Good news of Jehovah God” http://www.godsplan.org.uk/kingdom.htm  Mark 1:14 (KJV) “Now after that John was put in prison, Jesus came into Galilee, preaching the gospel of the kingdom of God,” John’s Gospel presented Jesus as reminding His hearers again and again that He had come not to glorify or proclaim Himself but solely to make known “the Father, Jehovah,” or “Him who sent Me” John 4:34 (KJV) “Jesus saith unto them, ‘My meat [task] is to do the will of Him (Jehovah) that sent Me (Elohim), and to finish His work.’”  (John 5:19, 30; 6:38; 7:16—18:28; 8:28, 42, 50; 14:10, 28).

         2.   The issue of Jesus’ own identity continued to be raised first by the powers of evil. Just as Satan challenged Jesus in the desert as “Son of Jehovah [Elohim],” so in the course of His ministry the demons (or the      

            (demons – possessed) confronted Him with such words as: Mark 1:24 (KJV) “Saying, ‘Let us alone; what have we to do with thee, thou Jesus of Nazareth? art thou come to destroy us? I know thee who thou art, the 

            Holy One of God.’” or: Mark 5:7 (KJV) “And cried with a loud voice, and said, What have I to do with thee, Jesus [Elohim], thou Son of the highest God? I adjure (command solemnly) thee by [Jehovah] God, that

            you torment me not


The mystery of Jesus’ person emerged in pronouncements of this kind (to articulate sounds or words, especially in a way acceptable to the person to whom they are spoken or by most speakers of a language), but Jesus seemed not to want the question of His identity raised prematurely, (not until He was ready). He silenced the demons http://www.godsplan.org.uk/persecution.htm http://www.godsplan.org.uk/doctrineofdemons.htm


Mark 1:25, 34; 3:12 (KJV)

25 “And Jesus rebuked him, saying, ‘Hold thy peace, and come out of him.’”

34 “And He healed many that were sick of divers[e] diseases, and cast out many devils; and suffered not the devils to speak, because they knew Him


When He healed the sick, He frequently told the people who were cured not to speak of it to anyone. Mark 3:12 (KJV) “And He strictly charged them that they should not make Him known  Mark 1:43-44; 7:36 (KJV)

The more He urged silence, however, the faster the word of His healing power spread. Mark 1:45 (KJV) “But he went out, and began to publish it much, and to blaze abroad the matter, insomuch that Jesus could no more openly enter into the city, but was without in desert places: and they came to him from every quarter


Mark 7:36 (KJV) “And He charged them that they should tell no man: but the more He charged them, so much the more a great deal they published it


The crowds appear to have concluded that he must be the Messiah, the anointed king of David’s line expected to come and deliver the Hebrews from Roman rule. If Jesus was playing out the role of the messiah, the Gospels present Him as a strangely reluctant Messiah. At one point, when the crowds tried to “take Him by force to make Him king, He withdrew again to the mountain by Himself.”


John 6:15 (KJV) “When Jesus therefore perceived that they would come and take Him by force, to make Him a king, He departed again into a mountain Himself alone


Seldom, if ever, did He apply to Himself the customary terms “Messiah” or “Son of God Jehovah.” He had instead a way of using the emphatic “I” (with emphasis) when it was not grammatically necessary, and referring to Himself indirectly and mysteriously as “Son of manIn the Aramaic language Jesus spoke, “Son of ma” meant simply “a certain man,” or “someone.” However, He made no explicit messianic claims and avoided the ready- made titles of honour that the Hebrews customarily applied to the Messiah, Jesus spoke and acted with the authority of Jehovah Himself. He gave sight to the blind and hearing to the deaf; He enabled the lame to walk.

  When He touched the unclean, He made them clean. He even raised the dead to life. http://www.godsplan.org.uk/internalspirit.htm  http://www.godsplan.org.uk/lifeofjesus.htm in teaching the crowds that gathered around Him, He did not hesitate to say boldly, “You have heard that it was said but I tell you” (Matthew 5:21-22, 27-28, 31-34, 38-39, 43-44).


Matthew 5:21-22 (KJV)

21 “Ye have heard that it was said of them of old time, ‘Thou shalt not kill; and whosoever shall kill shall be in danger of the judgment:’”

22 “But I say unto you, ‘That whosoever is angry with his brother without a cause shall be in danger of the judgment: and whosoever shall say to his brother, Raca (a biblical word meaning 'worthless' or 'empty'),                               shall be in danger of the council: but whosoever shall say, ‘Thou fool, shall be in danger of hell fire.’”


So radical was He toward the accepted traditions that He found it necessary to state at the outset: Matt 5:17 (KJV) “Think not that I am come to destroy the law, or the prophets: I am not come to destroy, but to fulfil


Such speech and behaviour inevitably raised questions about Jesus’ identity. The crowds who heard Him “were astonished at His teaching, for He was teaching them like one who had authority, and not like other scribes


Matthew 7:28—29 (KJV)

28 “And it came to pass, when Jesus had ended these sayings, the people were astonished at His doctrine

29 “For He taught them as one having authority, and not as the scribes http://www.godsplan.org.uk/teachingofjesus.htm


Despite His reluctance (or perhaps because of it), His following in the early days of His ministry was enormous. He had to rise before daylight to find time and a place for private prayer.


Mark 1:35 (KJV) “And in the morning, rising up a great while before day, he went out, and departed into a solitary place, and there prayed


So pressed was He by the crowds that He taught them on one occasion while sitting in a boat offshore on the Lake of Galilee.


Mark 4:1 (KJV) “And He began again to teach by the sea side: and there was gathered unto Him a great multitude, so that He entered into a ship, and sat on in the sea; and the whole multitude was by the sea on the land


Once when a group of people desired healing for a paralysed man, the huge mob around the house where Jesus was staying forced them to lower the man through a hole in the roof.


Mark 2:4 (KJV) “And when they could not come nigh unto him for the press, they uncovered the roof where he was: and when they had broken it up, they let down the bed wherein the sick of the palsy lay


Everyone who was needed knew what Jesus had to give, it was inconceivable that He could meet all their needs at once.