Jezreel Valley21—2711

(Esdraelon or Megiddo)

J E Bradburn

The Jezreel Valley is the largest and most fertile valley in Palestine. It is shaped roughly like the head of a spear with its point facing northwest toward the Mediterranean. The shaft of the spearhead, the narrow Hared Valley, leads southeast to Beth-shean and the Jordan Valley. Together, the Jezreel and Harod Valleys is the land’s most important international crossroads.

Jezreel means “Jehovah sows which is certainly a fitting name for the valley that is Palestine’s breadbasket. Besides the name “Valley of Jezreel”


Joshua 17:16 (KJV) “And the children of Joseph said, The hill is not enough for us: and all the Canaanites that dwell in the land of the valley have chariots of iron, both they who are of Bathsheba and her towns, and they who are of the valley of Jezreel


Judges 6:33 (KJV) “Then all the Midianites and the Amalekites and the children of the east were gathered together, and went over, and pitched in the valley of Jezreel.”


Hosea 1:5 (KJV) “And it shall come to pass at that day, that I will break the bow of Israel, in the valley of Jezreel


The Bible also calls this region “the plain of Megiddo”


Zechariah 12:11 (KJV) “In that day shall there be a great mourning in Jerusalem, as the mourning of Hadadrimmon in the valley of Megiddon


Poetically, “the pasturelands of Jehovah” Psalm 83:12 (KJV) “Who said, Let us take to ourselves the houses of God in possession


The term Esdraelon is a Greek form of Jezreel  occurring only in extra-Biblical literature from the New Testament period. Armageddon is a Greek word that has long been assumed to render the Hebrew phrase Har Megiddo,

“The mountain of Megiddo”; it is usually understood as referring to the entire Jezreel valley. It has been suggested that Megiddo is the royal box in one of the great theatres of history. From time immemorial armies have surged from the surrounding valleys to play their parts on the flat stage of the Jezreel Valley. The Bible records several military actions that took place in the Jezreel and Harod. Valleys. These include the battle of Deborah and Barak against Sisera. Judges 4—5 (KJV); the battle of Gideon against the Midianites Judges 7 (KJV); Saul’s last stand against the Philistines.


1 Samuel 28:4 (KJV) “And the Philistines gathered themselves together, and came and pitched in Shunem: and Saul gathered all Israel together, and they pitched in Gilboa


1 Samuel 31:1—10 (KJV)

01 “Now the Philistines fought against Israel: and the men of Israel fled from before the Philistines, and fell down slain in mount Gilboa

02 “And the Philistines followed hard upon Saul and upon his sons; and the Philistines slew Jonathan, and Abinadab, and Melchishua, Saul's sons

03 “And the battle went sore against Saul, and the archers hit him; and he was sore wounded of the archers

04 “Then said Saul unto his armour bearer, Draw thy sword, and thrust me through therewith; lest these uncircumcised come and thrust me through, and abuse me. But his armour bearer would not; for he was sore afraid. Therefore Saul took a sword, and fell upon it

05 “And when his armour bearer saw that Saul was dead, he fell likewise upon his sword, and died with him

06 “So Saul died, and his three sons, and his armour bearer, and all his men, that same day together

07 “And when the men of Israel that were on the other side of the valley, and they that were on the other side Jordan, saw that the men of Israel fled, and that Saul and his sons were dead, they forsook the cities, and fled; and the Philistines came and dwelt in them

08 “And it came to pass on the morrow, when the Philistines came to strip the slain, that they found Saul and his three sons fallen in mount Gilboa

09 “And they cut off his head, and stripped off his armour, and sent into the land of the Philistines round about, to publish it in the house of their idols, and among the people

10 “And they put his armour in the house of Ashtaroth: and they fastened his body to the wall of Bethshan


Jehu’s coup d’ιtat [seizure of political power]

2 Kings 9:14—37 (KJV)

14 “So Jehu the son of Jehoshaphat the son of Nimshi conspired against Joram. (Now Joram had kept Ramothgilead, he and all Israel, because of Hazael king of Syria

15 “But king Joram was returned to be healed in Jezreel of the wounds which the Syrians had given him, when he fought with Hazael king of Syria.) And Jehu said, If it be your minds, then let none go forth nor escape out of the city to go to tell it in Jezreel

16 “So Jehu rode in a chariot, and went to Jezreel; for Joram lay there. And Ahaziah king of Judah was come down to see Joram

17 “And there stood a watchman on the tower in Jezreel, and he spied the company of Jehu as he came, and said, I see a company. And Joram said, Take an horseman, and send to meet them, and let him say, Is it peace

18 “So there went one on horseback to meet him, and said, Thus saith the king, Is it peace? And Jehu said, What hast thou to do with peace? turn thee behind me. And the watchman told, saying, The messenger came to them, but he cometh not again

19 “Then he sent out a second on horseback, which came to them, and said, Thus saith the king, Is it peace? And Jehu answered, What hast thou to do with peace? turn thee behind me

20 “And the watchman told, saying, He came even unto them, and cometh not again: and the driving is like the driving of Jehu the son of Nimshi; for he driveth furiously

21 “And Joram said, Make ready. And his chariot was made ready. And Joram king of Israel and Ahaziah king of Judah went out, each in his chariot, and they went out against Jehu, and met him in the portion of Naboth the Jezreelite

22 “And it came to pass, when Joram saw Jehu, that he said, Is it peace, Jehu? And he answered, What peace, so long as the whoredoms of thy mother Jezebel and her witchcrafts are so many

23 “And Joram turned his hands, and fled, and said to Ahaziah, There is treachery, O Ahaziah

24 “And Jehu drew a bow with his full strength, and smote Jehoram between his arms, and the arrow went out at his heart, and he sunk down in his chariot

25 “Then said Jehu to Bidkar his captain, Take up, and cast him in the portion of the field of Naboth the Jezreelite: for remember how that, when I and thou rode together after Ahab his father, the Lord laid this burden upon him

26 “Surely I have seen yesterday the blood of Naboth, and the blood of his sons, saith the Lord; and I will requite thee in this plat, saith the Lord. Now therefore take and cast him into the plat of ground, according to the word of the Lord

27 “But when Ahaziah the king of Judah saw this, he fled by the way of the garden house. And Jehu followed after him, and said, Smite him also in the chariot. And they did so at the going up to Gur, which is by Ibleam. And he fled to Megiddo, and died there

28 “And his servants carried him in a chariot to Jerusalem, and buried him in his sepulchre with his fathers in the city of David

29 “And in the eleventh year of Joram the son of Ahab began Ahaziah to reign over Judah

30 “And when Jehu was come to Jezreel, Jezebel heard of it; and she painted her face, and tired her head, and looked out at a window

31 “And as Jehu entered in at the gate, she said, Had Zimri peace, who slew his master?”

32 “And he lifted up his face to the window, and said, ‘Who is on my side? Who?’ And there looked out to him two or three eunuchs.’”

33 “And he said, Throw her down. So they threw her down: and some of her blood was sprinkled on the wall, and on the horses: and he trode her under foot

34 “And when he was come in, he did eat and drink, and said, Go, see now this cursed woman, and bury her: for she is a king's daughter

35 “And they went to bury her: but they found no more of her than the skull, and the feet, and the palms of her hands

36 “Wherefore they came again, and told him. And he said, ‘This is the word of the Lord, which he spake by his servant Elijah the Tishbite, saying, ‘In the portion of Jezreel shall dogs eat the flesh of Jezebel:’”

37 “And the carcase of Jezebel shall be as dung upon the face of the field in the portion of Jezreel; so that they shall not say, ‘This is Jezebel.’”


And Josiah’s attempted face down of Pharaoh Neco.

2 Kings 23:28—30 (KJV)

28 “Now the rest of the acts of Josiah, and all that he did, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Judah

29 “In his days Pharaoh Nechoh king of Egypt went up against the king of Assyria to the river Euphrates: and King Josiah went against him; and he slew him at Megiddo, when he had seen him

30 “And his servants carried him in a chariot dead from Megiddo, and brought him to Jerusalem, and buried him in his own sepulchre. And the people of the land took Jehoahaz the son of Josiah, and anointed him, and made him king in his father's stead


The mountains that surround the Jezreel Valley contrast sharply with the low, open expanse of the valley itself. The Jezreel is drained toward the Mediterranean by the Nahal Kishon, which collects runoff rainfall from the surrounding hills. Because of the flatness of the Jezreel, the size of its runoff area, and the narrowness of the pass at the foot of Mount Carmel through which the valley drains, a heavy rainstorm will turn the valley floor into a soggy, muddy, morass (a frustrating, confusing, or unmanageable situation that impedes or prevents progress). Winter conditions have impeded armies, chariots, and travellers throughout history.


Judges 4:13—15 (KJV)

13 “And Sisera gathered together all his chariots, even nine hundred chariots of iron, and all the people that were with him, from Harosheth of the Gentiles unto the river of Kishon

14 “And Deborah said unto Barak, Up; for this is the day in which the Lord hath delivered Sisera into thine hand: is not the Lord gone out before thee? So Barak went down from mount Tabor, and ten thousand men after him.”

15 “And the Lord discomfited Sisera, and all his chariots, and all his host, with the edge of the sword before Barak; so that Sisera lighted down off his chariot, and fled away on his feet


Judges 5:19—21 (KJV)

19 “The kings came and fought, then fought the kings of Canaan in Taanach by the waters of Megiddo; they took no gain of money

20 “They fought from heaven; the stars in their courses fought against Sisera

21 “The river of Kishon swept them away, that ancient river, the river Kishon. O my soul, thou hast trodden down strength


1 Kings 18: 45—46 (KJV)

45 “And it came to pass in the meanwhile, that the heaven was black with clouds and wind, and there was a great rain. And Ahab rode, and went to Jezreel

46 “And the hand of the Lord was on Elijah; and he girded up his loins, and ran before Ahab to the entrance of Jezreel


To the east, the valley floor dips below sea level at the point where the Harod Valley joins the Jezreel, then drops gradually into the rift. The Harod is drained by the Nahal Harod. Several powerful springs line the foot of of Mount Gilboa along its southern edge.


Judges 7:1 (KJV) “Then Jerubbaal, who is Gideon, and all the people that were with him, rose up early, and pitched beside the well of Harod: so that the host of the Midianites were on the north side of them, by the hill of Moreh, in the valley.”


The rich alluvial soil (relating to, consisting of, or formed by sediment deposited by flowing water) of the Jezreel Valley is as much as 330 feet (about 110 meters) deep in places, and the abundance of water ensures excellent crops even in years of limited rainfall. The agricultural possibilities here are so extraordinary compared to the rest of Palestine, that Herod the great claimed the valley as his own royal estate. Today the Jezreel is drained and fertile fields abound.

  Because of the muddy wintertime conditions, the Jezreel’s natural routes generally follow the perimeter of the valley. The exception is the International Coastal Highway. An underground of basalt has slightly raised the level of the valley floor on a line running between Megiddo and Mount Tabor. In antiquity the International Highway followed this low ridge across the Jezreel Valley as it began to pick its way through the natural obstacles of Galilee to Damascus 


The Jezreel valley has always been the major crossroads of Palestine. Here the main international Highway crosses a second that connects the Plain of Acco to the Jordan Valley and Transjordan-ion Highway beyond. The ceaseless flow of travellers and armies through the Jezreel via these international highways gave rise to the biblical phrase “Galilee of the Gentiles”


Isaiah 9:1 (KJV) “Nevertheless the dimness shall not be such as was in her vexation, when at the first He lightly afflicted the land of Zebulun and the land of Naphtali, and afterward did more grievously afflict her by the way of the sea, beyond Jordan, in Galilee of the nations


Matthew 4:15 (KJV) “The land of Zabulon, and the land of Nephthalim, by the way of the sea, beyond Jordan, Galilee of the Gentiles


Because of its superior farmland and strategic highways, the Jezreel Valley has always been one of the most valuable pieces of real estate in Palestine. Overflowing with material blessings, this valley was Israel’s testing ground of faith. Perhaps for this reason it figures so prominently in Johns Apocalypse.


Revelation 16:16 (KJV) “And He gathered them together into a place called in the                  Hebrew tongue Armageddon                                                                                                     A storm across the Sea of Galilee.


Lower Galilee

Lower Galilee is an area of relatively open topography (the features on the surface of an area of land) that lies North  of the Jezreel and Harod valleys, between the Mediterranean Sea and rift valley. In size lower Galilee measures 25 miles east to west and between and between 15 and 30 miles north south. Lower Galilee is not a Biblical name but a convenient way to refer to that portion of Galilee that is lower in elevation (below 2,000 feet) and hence more open to travel than the more mountainous region further north. 


Matthew 14:22—36 (KJV)

22 “And straightway Jesus constrained His disciples to get into a ship, and to go before Him unto the other side, while He sent the multitudes away

23 “And when He had sent the multitudes away, He went up into a mountain apart to pray: and when the evening was come, He was there alone

24 “But the ship was now in the midst of the sea, tossed with waves: for the wind was contrary

25 “And in the fourth watch of the night Jesus went unto them, walking on the sea

26 “And when the disciples saw Him walking on the sea, they were troubled, saying, ‘It is a spirit; and they cried out for fear.’”

27 “But straightway Jesus spake unto them, saying, ‘Be of good cheer; it is I; be not afraid.’”

28 “And Peter answered him and said, ‘Lord, if it be thou, bid me come unto thee on the water.’”

29 “And He said, ‘Come.’ And when Peter was come down out of the ship, he walked on the water, to go to Jesus

30 “But when he saw the wind boisterous, he was afraid; and beginning to sink, he cried, saying, Lord, save me

31 “And immediately Jesus stretched forth His hand, and caught him, and said unto him, “O thou of little faith, wherefore didst thou doubt?’”

32 “And when they were come into the ship, the wind ceased

33 “Then they that were in the ship came and worshipped him, saying, ‘Of a truth thou art the Son of God.’”

34 “And when they were gone over, they came into the land of Gennesaret

35 “And when the men of that place had knowledge of Him, they sent out into all that country round about, and brought unto Him all that were diseased

36 “And besought Him that they might only touch the hem of His garment: and as many as touched were made perfectly whole


  Lower Galilee can be divided into three distinct geological regions: The Plain of Acco, western Lower Galilee, and eastern Lower Galilee. The east west valleys of western Lower Galilee act as a type of wind tunnel, channelling the westerly afternoon breezes off the Mediterranean directly toward the sea of Galilee.  Mark 4:37 (KJV) “And there arose a great storm of wind, and the waves beat into the ship, so that it was now full.”


Mark 4:38—41 (KJV)

38 “And he was in the hinder part of the ship, asleep on a pillow: and they awake him, and say unto him, Master, carest thou not that we perish            

39 “And he arose, and rebuked the wind, and said unto the sea, Peace, be still. And the wind ceased, and there was a great calm

40 “And He said unto them, ‘Why are ye so fearful? how is it that ye have no faith?’”

41 “And they feared exceedingly, and said one to another, What manner of man is this, that even the wind and the sea obey Him


The winds gains strength through these ‘tunnels’ and drop dramatically into the rift, where they bang up against the steep scarp of hills (a steep slope or cliff) on the eastern side of the sea. If the winds pick up suddenly, they can quickly turn the low, relativity shallow sea of Galilee into a churning mass of water. This evidently happened to Jesus and His disciples one night as they made their way across the sea in a small boat.

  The relatively low terrain and broad valleys of Lower Galilee make for fairly easy travel. The International Highway enters Lower Galilee from the south at Mount Tabor, then angles to the Sea of Galilee by following a topographical line formed by the seam between the limestone hills of western Lower Galilee and the basalt hills (a hard, black, often glassy, volcanic rock. It was produced by the partial melting of the Earth's mantle). On the way, it skirts the Homs of Hattin, the extinct and eroded volcanic cone that was responsible for the basalt in the region. The International Highway then drops to the Sea of Galilee through the narrow Arbel pass, a sheer cut in the basalt ridge that borders the sea on the southwest. The top of the cliff above this pass provides a breath-taking sweep of Galilee, form Mount Tabor to snowy Mount Hermon north of Bashan.

  A second major natural route in Lower Galilee connects Acco/Ptolmais to Tiberius on the western shore of the Sea of Galilee, passing through the broad valley of Iphtah-el on the way. This route was Galilee’s life line to the world during the time of the New Testament, tying the mixed population Galilee to the Greco-Roman lands of the Mediterranean.

  The capital of Galilee during Jesus’ early years was Sepphoris, a Greco-Roman city in the Valley of Iphtah-el over five miles north of Nazareth. Sepphoris had been captured by Jewish nationalists following the death of Herod the Great in 4 B.C, then burned as Roman troops dislodged the Jews from the city. Herod Antipas, son of Herod the Great and his successor as King in Galilee, began to rebuild Sepphoris a year later. Jesus’ father, Joseph, a skilled workman in wood and stone may have helped to rebuild Sepphoris as jobs were probably scarce in his small, poor hometown.


Mark 6:3 (KJV) “Is not this the carpenter, the son of Mary [Mariam], the brother of James, and Joses, and of Juda, and Simon? and are not his sisters here with us? And they were offended at him


Jesus may have honed his skills as a craftsman in Sepphoris as well. Because of its openness, good soil, and pleasant climate, Lower Galilee has always been a favoured region for settlement. This was a prize coveted by the kings of ancient Israel but separated from Israelite heart-land by the wide open (and military dangerous Jezreel Valley).


Throughout history ancient Israel had trouble holding on to Galilee. Isaiah spoke of “Galilee of the Gentiles.”


Isaiah 9:1 (KJV) “Nevertheless the dimness shall not be such as was in her vexation, when at the first he lightly afflicted the land of Zebulun and the land of Naphtali, and afterward did more grievously afflict her by the way of the sea, beyond Jordan, in Galilee of the nations


As all Galilee was being cut off by a ruthless Assyrian army, sweeping down the International Highway from the northeast. Galilee was no less a region of Gentile influence in the first century, when Jesus used Isaiah’s words to introduce a kingdom that far surpasses the work of even the greatest armies and kings.


Matthew 4:15 (KJV) “The land of Zebulon, and the land of Nephthalim, by the way of the sea, beyond Jordan, Galilee of the Gentiles


Repeated cultural and military threats by Canaanites Syrians, Greeks, and Romans throughout the Biblical period caused many Jews living in Galilee in Christ’s day to adopt a strongly nationalistic stance against the world around them This attitude probably led the men of Nazareth to try and kill Jesus when He preached that God’s favour rested also on Galilee’s Gentile neighbours. 


Luke 4:16—30 (KJV)

16 “And He came to Nazareth, where He had been brought up: and, as His custom was, He went into the synagogue on the Sabbath day, and stood up for to read

17 “And there was delivered unto Him the book of the prophet Esaias. And when He had opened the book, He found the place where it was written

18 “The Spirit of the Lord is upon Me, because He hath anointed Me to preach the gospel to the poor; He hath sent Me to heal the broken hearted, to preach deliverance to the captives, and recovering of sight to the blind, to set at liberty them that are bruised,”


19 “To preach the acceptable year of the Lord  It is the “acceptable year of the LORD”. Isaiah 61:2 (KJV) “To proclaim the acceptable year of the LORD, and the day of vengeance of our God; to comfort all that mourn;”


20 “And He closed the book, and He gave it again to the minister, and sat down. And the eyes of all them that were in the synagogue were fastened on Him

21 “And He began to say unto them, ‘This day is this scripture fulfilled in your ears.’”

22 “And all bare Him witness, and wondered at the gracious words which proceeded out of His mouth. And they said, ‘Is not this Joseph's son?’”

23 “And He said unto them, ‘Ye will surely say unto Me this proverb, ‘Physician, heal thyself: whatsoever we have heard done in Capernaum, do also here in thy country.’”

24 “And He said, ,’Verily I say unto you,’ ‘No prophet is accepted in his own country.’”

25 “But I tell you of a truth, many widows were in Israel in the days of Elias, when the heaven was shut up three years and six months, when great famine was throughout all the land;”

26 “But unto none of them was Elias sent, save unto Sarepta, a city of Sidon, unto a woman that was a widow

27 “And many lepers were in Israel in the time of Eliseus the prophet; and none of them was cleansed, saving Naaman the Syrian

28 “And all they in the synagogue, when they heard these things, were filled with wrath

29 “And rose up, and thrust Him out of the city, and led Him unto the brow of the hill whereon their city was built, that they might cast Him down headlong

30 “But He passing through the midst of them went His way


On another occasion, the Pharisees declared that Jesus could not be the Messiah because no prophet had ever come from Galilee.


John 7:40—52 (KJV)

40 “Many of the people therefore, when they heard this saying, said, ‘Of a truth this is the Prophet.’”

41 “Others said, ‘This is the Christ. But some said, ‘Shall Christ come out of Galilee

42 “Hath not the scripture said, ‘That Christ cometh of the seed of David, and out of the town of Bethlehem, where David was?’”

43 “So there was a division among the people because of Him

44 “And some of them would have taken Him; but no man laid hands on Him

45 “Then came the officers to the chief priests and Pharisees; and they said unto them, ‘Why have ye not brought Him

46 “The officers answered, ‘Never man spake like this man.’”

47 “Then answered them the Pharisees, ‘Are ye also deceived

48 “Have any of the rulers or of the Pharisees believed on Him

49 “But this people who knoweth not the law are cursed

50 “Nicodemus saith unto them, (he that came to Jesus by night, being one of them,)”

51 “Doth our law judge any man, before it hear him, and know what he doeth

52 “They answered and said unto him, ‘Art thou also of Galilee?’ ‘Search and look: for out of Galilee ariseth no prophet.’”


They failed to mention that Jonah, the prophet whom God had sent to Israel’s worst enemy, the Assyrian’s was also from Galilee. Not insignificantly, Jonah’s homeland, Gathhepher, lay only five miles from Nazareth.


2 Kings 14:25 (KJV) “He restored the coast of Israel from the entering of Hamath unto the sea of the plain, according to the word of the Lord God of Israel, which he spake by the hand of his servant Jonah, the son of Amittai, the prophet, which was of Gathhepher


Lower Galilee was the boyhood homeland of Jesus—and here grew up, hearing the great struggles of His peoples’ struggles for redemption (the act of saving something or somebody from a declined, dilapidated, or corrupted state and restoring it), through the ages. The openness of Galilee provided the stimulating environment in which Jesus first began to preach a new kind of Kingdom. The high elevation and north-western exposure of upper galilee ensures abundant rainfall, up to 40 inches (101.6 c.) or more annually. The soil is fertile, and natural scrub forests blanket the hills with green throughout the year.

For ancient Israel,

Upper galilee was a taste of the flowing of milk and honey, so often a symbol of strength and fertility in the Biblical texts.


Psalm 29:5—6 (KJV)

5 “The voice of the Lord breaketh the cedars; yea, the Lord breaketh the cedars of Lebanon

6 “He maketh them also to skip like a calf; Lebanon and Sirion like a young unicorn


Psalm 92:12 (KJV) “The righteous shall flourish like the palm tree: he shall grow like a cedar in Lebanon


Jeremiah 18:14 (KJV) “The glory of Lebanon shall come unto thee, the fir tree, the pine tree, and the box together, to beautify the place of my sanctuary; and I will make the place of my feet glorious.”


Because of its ruggedness, Upper Galilee has never been a region of large cities. Rather, numerous small towns and villages dotted the landscape in antiquity, just as they do today. Natural routes tend to Upper Galilee, adding to its remoteness. Joshua allotted the western portion of Upper Galilee, along with the plain of Acco, to the time of Asher.


Joshua 19:24—31 (KJV)

24 “And the fifth lot came out for the tribe of the children of Asher according to their families

25 “And their border was Helkath, and Hali, and Beten, and Achshaph

26 “And Alammelech, and Amad, and Misheal; and reacheth to Carmel westward, and to Shihorlibnath

27 “And turneth toward the sunrising to Bethdagon, and reacheth to Zebulun, and to the valley of Jiphthahel toward the north side of Bethemek, and Neiel, and goeth out to Cabul on the left hand

28 “And Hebron, and Rehob, and Hammon, and Kanah, even unto great Zidon

29 “And then the coast turneth to Ramah and to the strong city Tyre; and the coast turneth to Hosah; and the outgoings thereof are at the sea from the coast to Achzib

30 “Ummah also, and Aphek, and Rehob: twenty and two cities with their villages

31 “This is the inheritance of the tribe of the children of Asher according to their families, these cities with their villages


Joshua 19: 32—39 (KJV)

32 “The sixth lot came out to the children of Naphtali, even for the children of Naphtali according to their families

33 “And their coast was from Heleph, from Allon to Zaanannim, and Adami, Nekeb, and Jabneel, unto Lakum; and the outgoings thereof were at Jordan

34 “And then the coast turneth westward to Aznothtabor, and goeth out from thence to Hukkok, and reacheth to Zebulun on the south side, and reacheth to Asher on the west side, and to Judah upon Jordan toward the sunrising

35 “And the fenced cities are Ziddim, Zer, and Hammath, Rakkath, and Chinnereth

36 “And Adamah, and Ramah, and Hazor

37 “And Kedesh, and Edrei, and Enhazor

38 “And Iron, and Migdalel, Horem, and Bethanath, and Bethshemesh; nineteen cities with their villages.”

39 “This is the inheritance of the tribe of the children of Naphtali according to their families, the cities and their villages


Here Israel could dwell in safety, away from the strong Canaanite presence in the valleys to the west, south, and east. Archaeological evidence has uncovered the remains of many small settlement villages in Upper Galilee dating to the 13th—11th centuries B.C. (Iron age 1), the time of ancient Israel’s settlement in the land.  This maybe baffling reading to some, however; the Bible (KJV) always speaks the truth, If you study hard enough you will also find the truth.

The blessings that Jacob bestowed on his twelve sons are reflected in the actual territories in which the 12 Tribes of Israel eventually settled—and dispersed.

For instance, Jacob blessed Naphtali by saying:


Genesis 49:21 (KJV) “Naphtali is a hind let loose: he giveth goodly words


This short blessing evokes vivid images of a wild and Beautiful land, where Israel could live in freedom, and safety. Moses’ blessing on the tribe of Naphtali echo’s Jacob’s. “Naphtali is abounding with the favour of the Lord and is full of His blessing; he will inherit southward to the lake [i.e. the Sea of Galilee]”


Deuteronomy 33:23 (KJV) “And of Naphtali he said, O Naphtali, satisfied with favour, and full with the blessing of the Lord: possess thou the west and the south


During the time of the New Testament, Upper Galilee was filled with small, largely conservative farming villages. Jesus no doubt visited some of them on His journey from the Sea of Galilee to Phoenicia.


Matthew 15:21—28 (KJV)

21 “Then Jesus went thence, and departed into the coasts of Tyre and Sidon.”

22 “And, behold, a woman of Canaan came out of the same coasts, and cried unto Him, saying, ‘Have mercy on me, O Lord, thou son of David; my daughter is grievously vexed with a devil

23 “But He answered her not a word. And His disciples came and besought Him, saying, ‘Send her away; for she crieth after us.’”

24 “But He answered and said, am I not sent but unto the lost sheep of the house of Israel

25 “Then came she and worshipped Him, saying, ‘Lord, help me.’ ”

26 “But He answered and said, ‘It is not meet to take the children's bread, and to cast it to dogs.’”

27 “And she said, ‘Truth, Lord: yet the dogs eat of the crumbs which fall from their masters' table.’”

28 “Then Jesus answered and said unto her,’ O woman, great is thy faith: be it unto thee even as thou wilt. And her daughter was made whole from that very hour.’”


In the second century AD after the Jews had been banished from Jerusalem by Rome, Jewish life flourished in the remote hills of Upper Galilee, away from the hassles and temptations of the valleys and plains below. Zefat [Safed], the primary city of Upper Galilee today, was an important centre of Jewish learning in the medieval period. 

  The rugged limestone hills of Upper Galilee allow a similar lifestyle as is found in the hill country of Judah and Ephraim. Here ancient Israel felt at home, even though separated from the southern tribes by a wide international zone that was usually overrun by Gentiles.


This webpage will allow the reader to envision (form a mental picture of something, typically something that may occur or be possible in the future) in his/her own time, about the ancient and future tribes of Jehovah and Elohim. In the Bible (KJV) all the logistics and prophecies are there, the when (end days), and how this (webpage), how the wheat and the tares will be dealt with; This beautiful Canaanites land affords us a view of what it will be like in the very near future, when Paradise is regained; and once again there will be no interference from and Knowledge of the Scriptures is not optional, but absolutely essential.  (copy and paste this link somewhere safe).


This is the penultimate webpage number 11 Eleven (11) Denotes, disorder, and disorganisation: Because it is one, short of the number twelve


Look out for number 12.