THE LORD’S KNOWLEDGE. Appendix 117 page 158.


Using the KJV Companion Bible.


Some assume that the five books (Pentateuch) of Moses are obsolete, as they focus so heavily on laws supposedly annulled by Jesus Christ. However, these same five books are quoted at least 245 times and referred to many more. Paul, the apostle who some believe taught that the law contained in these five books is done away, quoted from those books between 70 and 110 times -more than any other New Testament figure. Jesus Christ quoted from these same books about 60 times.


The remarkable thing is that in all occurrences (except Heb 11:11) the word is connected with “the world”. (Greek kosmos Ap 129.1),

Heb 6:1 Therefore leaving the principles of the doctrine of Christ, let us go on unto perfection; not laying again the foundation of repentance from dead works, and of faith towards God.

Principles of the doctrine = word (Greek logos. Ap 121.10) of the beginning (Greek archē Compare Heb 5:12)

Compare Heb 5:12 For when for the time ye ought to be teachers, ye have need that one teach you again which be the first principles of the oracles of God.

Go on = be born along; the instructor being the Holy Spirit.

Compare 2 Peter 1:21 For the prophecy came not in old time by the will of man: but holy men of God spake as they were moved by the Holy Ghost.

Learning both the Old Testament, and also the New Testament is critical to fully understanding the whole of God’s Word, The Holy Bible.

2 Peter 3:5-6…

2 Timothy 2:15 Study to show thyself approved unto God, a workman that needeth not to be ashamed, rightly dividing the word of truth.

15 Study: Be diligent. Greek spoudazō.

See Galatians 2:10. As Col 1—22, 28.

Shew = Present.



Matthew 4:17, 19.

17. From that time 1Jesus began to preach, and to say, “Repent: for the kingdom of heaven is at hand.”

From = from that time. Each portion of the Lord’s fourfold ministry had a distinct beginning or ending. See the structure E.



E F Matt 4:12—7:29.  THE FIRST PERIOD. Subject: The Proclamation of the         

               Kingdom, and call to repentance (4:17). “Sermon on the Mount”   

               unnamed (5:1—7:29). The Laws of the Kingdom.

     G Matt 8:1—16:20 THE SECOND PERIOD. Subject: The Proclamation of the

               King. His person as “Lord” (Matt 8:2,6,8). and “Man” Matt 8:20.

               Miracles of Creation, manifesting His Diety; and of Compassion, declaring His


     G Matt 16:21—20:34. THE THIRD PERIOD. Subject: The Rejection of the King.

               Parabolic miracles (Lunatic, 17:14; Blind men, 20:30—34.

   F Matt 21:1—26:35. THE FOURTH PERIOD. Subject:  The Rejection of the Kingdom.

               Parables and Teaching as to the coming change of Dispensation, while the kingdom 

               should be in abeyance. The Sermon on the Mount (Olives), 24: 1—25. 46.

               Miracles: Parabolic and Prophetic: Lazarus (John 11), and the withered Fig-tree

               (Mark 11:12—14, 20,21).



Preach = proclaim. See Ap 121.1. kērussō = to proclaim (as a herald), from kērux, a herald, without reference to the matter proclaimed; and without including the idea of teaching.

Repent. Greek metanoeō. Ap 111.I. 1. metanoeō = to change one’s mind, always for the better, and morally. Because of this it is often used in the imperative (Matt 3:2; 4:17. Acts 2:38; 3:19). Not merely to forsake sin, but to change one’s apprehension regarding it. It answers to the Latin resipisco which means, to recover one’s senses, to come to one’s self.

The kingdom of heaven.[and the “Kingdom of God”] See Ap 114. We have seen in [Ap 112 The synonymous expressions for kingdom. Page 154] that the word “kingdom”, like the Greek basileia, has regard to sovereignty rather than territory, and to the sphere of its exercise rather than to its extent.

Using the word “kingdom” in this sense, and in that which is conveyed in its English termination “dom”, which is short for dominion, we note that the former expression, “the Kingdom of heaven”, occurs only in Matthew, where we find it thirty two times.1 But in the parallel passages in the other Gospels we find , instead, the expression “the Kingdom of God” (e.g. cp. Matt11:11 with Luke 7:28).

The explanation of this seeming difference is that the Lord spoke in Aramaic; certainly not in the Greek of the Gospel documents. See Ap 94.III.

Now “heaven” is frequently used by the Figure Metonomy (of the subject), Ap 6, for God Himself, Whose dwelling is there. See Psalm 73:9Dan 4:26: 26, 29. &c.(“I have sinned against heaven” is thus contrasted with the words “and in Thy sight”). John 3:27.

Our suggestion is  that in all the passages where the respective expressions occur. identical words were spoken by the Lord, “the Kingdom of heaven”; but when it came to putting them into Greek, Matthew was Divinely guided to retain the figure of speech literally (“heaven”), so as to be in keeping with the special character, design, and scope, of his Gospel (See Ap 96); while, in the other Gospels, the figure was translated as being what it also meant, “the Kingdom of God”.

Thus, while the same in a general sense, the two expressions are to be distinguished in their meaning and in their interpretation as follows:-

I. The Kingdom (or Sovereignty) of HEAVEN.

1.      Has Messiah for its King;

2.      It is from heaven; and under the heavens upon the earth;

3.      It is limited in its scope;

4.      It is political in its sphere;

5.      It is Jewish and exclusive in its character;

6.      It is national in its aspect;

7.      It is the special subject of Old Testament prophecy;

8.      And it is dispensational in its duration.


II. The kingdom (or sovereignty) of God.

1.      Has God for its ruler;

2.      It is in heaven over the earth;

3.      It is unlimited in its scope;

4.      It is moral and spiritual in its sphere;

5.      It is inclusive in its character (embracing the natural and spiritual seeds of Abraham,

           the heavenly calling”,  and the “Church” of the Mystery). Hence,

     6.   It is universal in its aspect;

     7.   It is (in its wider aspect) the subject of the New Testament revelation;

     8.   And will be eternal in its duration.


Heaven = the heavens. see notes on 

Matt 6:9—10. Our Father. See Ex 4:22. Deuteronomy 32:6, &c. The idolater could say to his idol “Thou art my father”, so Israel was bound to do so (Isa 63:16; 64:8). The Talmud so teaches.

Hallowed = Sanctified.

Thy. Note that the three first petitions in the Lord’s Prayer are with respect to God, while the next four concern those who pray. God is to be put first in all prayer.

Thy kingdom come. This is the great subject of the first period of the Lord’s ministry.

See Ap 119, also Ap 112, 113, 114, and the structure on page 130, 1305, and 1315.

come. It was then being proclaimed, but was afterward rejected, and is now in abeyance. See Ap 112—114, and Cp Ap 63. ix. Hence this same petition is now correct, not the usual prayers for the  “increase” or “extension” of it.

will = desire. Greek thelō. See Ap 102.1.

be done = be brought to pass, come to pass, be accomplished. Greek ginomai. Cp Matt 26:42.

in = upon.

earth = the earth.

heaven. here it is singular. because it is in contrast with earth. Had it been singular in Matt 9, it would have implied that our Father was in heaven, but not on earth. In the Greek the two clause are reversed: “as in heaven [so] upon earth also”.

Is at hand = is drawn nigh.


19. And he saith unto them, “Follow Me, and I will make you fishers of men.”

Fishers of men = a Talmudic expression: “A fisher of the Law”. (Maimonides, Torah chapter I).

men. Greek anthrōpos Ap 123.I. anthrōpos = an individual of the Genus Homo; a human being as distinct from animals.




Matthew 5:3—12, 17—18, 20—22.

03. “Blessed are the poor in spirit: for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.

04.  Blessed are they that mourn: 3for they shall be comforted.

05. 4 Blessed are the meek: for they shall inherit the earth.

06. 4 Blessed are they which do hunger and thirst after righteousness: 3 for they shall be filled.

07. 4Blessed are the merciful: 3for they shall obtain mercy.

08. 4Blessed are the pure in heart: 3for they shall see God.

09. 4Blessed are the peacemakers: 3for they shall be called the children of 8God.

10. 4Blessed are they which are persecuted for righteousness sake: 3for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.

11.  Blessed are ye, when men shall revile you, and persecute you, and shall say all manner of evil against you falsely, for My sake.

12.  Rejoice and be exceeding glad: 3for great is your reward in heaven: for so persecuted they the prophets which were before you.


17. Think not that I am come to destroy the law, or the prophets: I am not come to destroy, but to fulfil.

    Think not, &c. = Deem not for a moment. A very necessary warning against making this mount another Sinai, and promulgating the laws of the kingdom proclaimed in 4:17 From that time 1Jesus began to preach, and to say, “Repent: for the kingdom of heaven is at hand.”

I am come = I have come. Implying former existence. Cp Matt 8:10.

destroy = pull down as in Matt 26:21.

18. For verily [truthfully] I say unto you, Till heaven and earth pass, one jot or one tittle shall in no wise pass from 17the law, till all be fulfilled.

See note on 1:19. Hebrew Aceldama (field of blood) See Ap 93.ІІІ.3.3. Again: certain letters have come down with the text, from the most ancient times, having a small ornament or flourish on the top: for example, we find


Aleph (= A) with 7 Taagin


Beth (= B) with 3 Taagin


Gimel (= G) with 4 Taagin



Daleth (= D) with 3 Taagin


These ornamented letters were quite exceptional, and implied no added meaning of any kind: but, so jealously was the sacred text safeguarded, that the scribe was informed how many of each of the letters had these little ornaments: i.e. how many Alephs (=A), and how many Beths (=B), &c, had one, two, three, or more. These ornaments were called Tā’āgīm (Tāgin), meaning little crowns. The Greek speaking Jews called them little horns (Hebrew keranōth) because they looked like horns. For more Ap 93. Page 133.

20. For I say unto you, That except your righteousness shall exceed the righteousness of the scribes and Pharisees, ye shall in no case enter 1into 3the kingdom of heaven.

Pharisees. See Ap 120.II.

1. The word PHARISEE is the Hebrew for one who was separated by special beliefs and practices, which were very strict as to tithing and eating, &c.(See Matt 23:23. Luke 18:12). It was for this reason that the Lord was upbraided (to find fault with or reproach severely) by the Pharisees (Matt9:9—11. &c).

Doctrinally, they held that the oral law was necessary to complete and explain the written law; hence, the strong denunciations of the Lord. (Denunciation = The act or an instance of denouncing, especially a public condemnation or censure). Moreover, they held [believed] the natural immortality of man; and, JOSEPHUS says, the transmigration of souls. (Through the law of Moses). This was the purpose of Christ’s first advent, and  also the purpose of His rejection and subsequent crucifixion.

[The ESSENES} cultivated an intensified form of Pharisaism.]

2. The word SADDUCEE is the Greek form of the Hebrew zaddūkīm, which is derived from one Zadōk, said to be the founder of the sect, who was a disciple of ANTIGONUS of SOCOH (200—170 B.C). They were the aristocratic and conservative party politically; and doctrinally (generally speaking)  they negatived  the teaching of the Pharisees, even denying the doctrine of the resurrection.

Neither of these sects had any existence, until the return from Babylon, accompanied by the crept in unawares, the Kenites.

21. Ye have heard that it was said by them of old time, Thou shalt 17not kill; and 19whosoever shall kill shall be in danger of the judgement:’

heard.  In the public reading of the Law.

it was said. Opposite to “I say”. Cp Matt 19:8—9 where the “I” is not emphatic (as it is here) See Ex 20:13. Deuteronomy 5:17. Ap 117.

Matthew 19: 8—9.

08. He saith unto them, 7 “Moses because of the hardness of your hearts suffered you to put away your wives: but 1from 4the beginning it was 4not so.

was not so: i.e. from the first constitution down to Moses.

(A constitution is a set of fundamental principles or established precedents).

09. And I say unto you, Whosoever shall put away his wife, except it be for fornication, and shall marry another, commiteth adultery: and whoso marrieth her which is put away doth commit adultery.

22. But I say unto you, That 19whosoever is angry with his brother without a cause shall be in danger of the judgement: and 19whosoever shall say to his brother, ‘Raca’ shall be in danger of the council: but whoever shall say, ‘Thou fool, shall be in danger of hell fire.’

Raca. In the 1611 edition, it was spelt “Racha”; and it was changed in the 1638 edition to “Raca”. An Aramaic word, see Ap 94. III.3. not a

contumelious epithet (insolently abusive and humiliating, or any word or phrase applied to a person or thing to describe an actual or attributed quality) but a contemptuous interjection, expressing the emotion or scorn of a disdainful mind (scornful and contemptuous), (so Augustine), Synonymous to the English “You!” Cp Latin Heus tu, = “Hey you!!!” Greek raka = rhaka = of Chaldee: “O empty one”. i.e. “thou worthless” (as a term of utter vilification: - Raca. Strong’s Concordance 4469 Greek, Page 79. Occurs only here.

vilification = a defamatory utterance.

council = Sanhedrin.

Ap 94. III.3 Aramaic was Hebrew, as it was developed during and after the Captivity in Babylon1. There were two branches, known roughly as Eastern (which is Chaldee), and Western (Mesopotamian, or Palestinian).

This latter was known also as Syriac; and the Greeks used “Syrian” as an abbreviation of Assyrian. This was perpetuated (To cause to continue indefinitely) by the early Christians. Syriac flourished until the seventh century A.D. In the eighth and ninth it was overtaken by the Arabic; and by the thirteenth century it had disappeared. We have already noted that certain parts of the O.T. are written in Chaldee (or Eastern Aramaic): viz. Ezra 4:8—6:18; 7:12—26; Dan 2:4—7:28.

Cp also 2 Kings18:26. Then said Eliakim the son of Hilkiah, and Shebna, and Joah, unto Rabshakeh, Speak, I pray thee, to thy servants in the Syrian language; for we understand it: and talk not with us in the Jews' language in the ears of the people that are on the wall.

Aramaic is of three kinds:-

1.      Jerusalem.

2.      Samaritan.

3.      Galilean.

Of these, Jerusalem may be compared with High German, and the other two with Low German.  For more see Ap 94, page 125 Companion Bible.

Captivity in Babylon1 It is so called because it was the language of Aram, or Mesopotamia, which is Greek for Aram Naharaim = Aram between the two rivers (Gen24:10. Deut 23:4. Judges 3:8. Ps 60, title). It is still called “The Island”.





Matthew 6: 2, 4, 16, 18.

02. Therefore when thou doest thine alms, do 1not sound a trumpet before thee, as the hypocrites do in the synagogues and in the streets, that they may have glory of men. Verily {truthfully] I say unto you, They have their reward.

hypocrites = actors: i.e. those who speak or act from under a mask. Used later of actual impiety, to which it led.

Cp Matthew 23:28 Even so ye also outwardly 27appear righteous unto 4men, but within ye are full of hypocrisy and iniquity.

27. Woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for ye are like unto whited sepulchres, which indeed appear beautiful outward, but are within full of dead men’s bones, and of all uncleanness.

04. For they bind heavy burdens and grievous to be borne, and lay them on men’s shoulders; but they themselves will not move them with one of their fingers.

Matthew 24:51 And shall cut him asunder, and appoint him his portion 30with the hypocrites: there shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth.

Mark 12:15 “Shall we give, or shall we not give?” But He knowing their hypocrisy, said unto them, “Why tempt ye Me? bring Me a penny, that I may see it.”

04. 2That thine alms may be 1in secret: and thy Father Which seeth in secret Himself shall reward thee openly.

16. Moreover when ye fast, be 1not, as the 2hypocrites, of a sad countenance: for they disfigure their faces, that they may appear unto men to fast. Verily I say unto you, they have their reward.

18. That thou 16appear 1not unto men to fast, but unto thy Father, Which 4seeth in secret, shall reward thee openly.





Matthew 7:7, 22.

07. Ask, and it shall be given you; seek, and ye shall find; knock, and it shall be opened unto you.

Ask. Greek. aiteō. Ap. 134.I.4. aiteō = to ask for something to be given. Commonly used of an inferior addressing a superior.

it shall be opened. This is never done in the East to this day. The one who knocks is always first questioned. L Tr  WHm. read “it is opened”.

Cp Matthew 7:8 For everyone that 7asketh receiveth; and he that seeketh findeth; and to him that knocketh it shall be opened.

These two verses are respectfully true to the those who wish to learn the truth, the whole truth, and nothing but the truth.

1.      The first step is to ask God sincerely, through our Lord in prayer; to be shown the truth.

2.      Seek diligently for the truth, using the correct research books i.e. Companion Bible, Strong’s Concordance, and others as you progress.

3.      Knock on God’s door; and you can rest assured it will be opened unto you, and lead you to the truth.

It is as marvellous and as simple as that.

22. Many will say to Me 3in that day, 21 ‘Lord, Lord, have we not prophesied in Thy name?’ and in Thy name have cast out devils? and in Thy name done many wonderful works?’

Prophesied = acted as spokesman. see Ap 49 (Companion Bible needed).

in Thy name = by or through Thy name. Note the Fig Anadiplosis, Ap 6. The word or words concluding one sentence are repeated at the beginning of another.

devils = demons.

wonderful works. Greek dunamis (See Ap 172.1.); = Inherent power; the power of reproducing itself: from which we have the English word dynamics, dynamo, &c. See Acts 1:8. But ye shall receive power, after that the Holy Ghost is come upon you: and ye shall be witnesses unto Me both in Jerusalem and 7in all Judća,  and in Samaria, and unto the uttermost part of the earth.”

In Septuagint, in this sense only in Job 37:16 15Dost thou know the balancings of the clouds, the wondrous works of Him Which is perfect in knowledge.

(A new Metrical Version) (Metrical = composed in meter or verse) Or dost thou know the thick-clouds’ balancings, His wondrous works, Whose knowledge hath no bound?

For Hebrew miphela’āh.




Matthew 8:11—12

11. And I say unto you, That many shall come 1from the east and west, and shall sit down with Abraham, and Isaac, and Jacob, 10in the kingdom of heaven.

many. Used by Fig Euphēmismos. for Gentiles Ap 6, to avoid giving offence at this stage of His ministry.

sit down = recline as guests (in eating, or at  a feast).

the kingdom of heaven. Ap 114. See the beginning above.

12. But the children of 11the kingdom shall be cast out into outer darkness: there shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth.

children = sons, Greek huios. (and heirs). A Hebraism, denoting those who were related by any ties of friendship: e.g. followers, learners, inhabitants, &c.

Ap 108. III. (and heirs) huios = a son, or male, having reference to origin and nature, including that of relationship to thefather.

Outer = the outer. Greek exōteros. Occurs only here in Matthew (and, in 22:13, and 25:30). Outside the place where the feast was going on in verse 11.

weeping and gnashing = the weeping and the grinding. The articles denoting not a state but a definite occasion and time when this event shall take place.

Used by the Lord seven times (Matthew 8:12; 13:42; 13:50; 22:13; 24:51; 25:30. Luke 13:28). A study of these will show that the occasion is “the end of the age”, when “the Lord and His servants shall have come”, and when He will deal with the “wicked” and “unprofitable” servants, and sit down with Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob in His kingdom.


08:12 See above.

13:42 And shall cast them 2into a furnace of fire: there shall be wailing and gnashing of teeth.

a furnace = the furnace as in verse 50 (below).

wailing and gnashing of teeth.  See note on 8:12 (above).

13:50 And shall cast them 2into the furnace of fire: there shall be 42wailing and gnashing of teeth.

22:13 Then said the king to the servants, ‘Bind him hand and foot, and take him away, and cast him 10into outer darkness; there shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth.’

Outer = the outer. Greek exōteros. Occurs only here in Matthew (and, in 22:13, and 25:30). Outside the place where the feast was going on in verse 11.

there shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth.’ see note on 8:12 above.

24:51 And shall cut him asunder, and appoint him his portion 50with the hypocrites: there shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth.

25:30 And cast ye the unprofitable servant 21into outer darkness: there shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth.

Luke 13:28 There shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth, when ye shall see Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, and all the prophets, in the kingdom of God, and you yourselves thrust out.

weeping = the weeping. See note on Matt 8:12 above.

when. Defining the special occasion.

See Ap 133.I. 8. (a).  Greek opsomai is used as the future of horaō (No 8 above opsomai) and has regard to the object presented to the eye, and to the subject which perceives, at the same time. It denotes, not so much the act of seeing, but the state and condition of the one to whose eye the object is presented. Hence, to truly comprehend.

Comprehend (to understand the nature or meaning of; grasp with the mind; perceive):

thrust out = being cast outside. This is the occasion referred to.




Matthew 9: 6,15.

06. But that ye may 4know that the ’Son of man hath power 2on earth to forgive sins,” (then saith He to the sick of the palsy,) “Arise, take up thy bed, and go unto thine house.”

the ’Son of man. see Ap 98.XVI

power = authority. See Ap 172.5.

earth = the earth.  Greek gē. Ap 129.4

Matt 9:3 And, 2behold, certain of the scribes said within themselves, “This man blasphemeth.”

Matt 9:4 And Jesus knowing their thoughts said, “Wherefore [why] think ye evil in your hearts?”

Matt 9:2 And, behold, they brought to Him a man sick of the palsy, lying on a bed: and Jesus seeing their faith said unto the sick of the palsy; “Son, be of good cheer; they sins be forgiven thee.”

a man sick of the palsy = a paralytic.

be forgiven = stand remitted. L T Tr. an WH read the indicative =  “have been and are forgiven”, marking the Lord’s authority. Not the ambiguous  “be forgiven”.

(Ambiguous. open to or having several possible meanings or interpretations);

15. And 4Jesus said unto them, “Can the children of the bridechamber  mourn, as long as the bridegroom is 11with them? but the days will come, when the bridegroom shall be taken from them, and then shall they fast.

Fast = Fasting, and is primarily the act of willingly abstaining from some or all food, drink, or both, for a period of time. An absolute fast is normally defined as abstinence from all food and liquid for a defined period, usually a single day (24 hours), or several days.

Here our Lord means we will be without the “true doctrine” (food), and (thirst) “after righteousness” until His Second Advent.

Matt 5:6 4Blessed are they which do hunger and thirst after righteousness: 3for they shall be filled.

Hunger and thirst, &c. The idiom for a strong desire.

Cp Psalms 42:1—2

1. As the hart [heart] panteth after the water brooks,

    So panteth my soul after Thee, O God.

2. My soul thirsteth for God, for the living God:

    When shall I come and appear before God.


Psalms 119: 103. How sweet are Thy words unto my taste!

                           Yea, sweeter than honey to my mouth.


This is why it is so very important to study Gods Word “and to prove thy self-worthy of God”.

  Timothy 2:15 Study to shew thyself approved unto God, a workman that needeth not to be ashamed, rightly dividing the word of truth.

  (As here on this site).

Ephesians 6:11—13

11. Put on the whole armour of 6God, that ye may be able to stand against the wiles of the devil.

whole armour = panoply Greek panoplia; only here verse 13, and Luke 11:22. frequently in Apocrypha. panoply = a full suit of armour, Something forming a protective covering.

Luke 11:22 But when a stronger than he shall come upon him, and overcome him, he taketh from him all his armour wherein he trusted, and divideth his spoils.

taketh = taketh away.

all his armour = his panoply.

12. For we wrestle 7not against flesh and blood, but against principalities, against powers, against the rulers of darkness of this world, against spiritual wickedness in high places.

we wrestle = to us the wrestling (Greek palē; only here) is.

against. Greek pros, as verse 11. Above.

flesh and blood = blood and flesh; i.e. human beings, contrasted with the wicked spirits mentioned below.

principalities. Ap 172.6. archē = beginning; then, the chief rule or ruler. See Luke 12:11 (magistrate).

powers. Ap 172.5. exousia = authority or, delegated power; the liberty and right to put forth power. See for e.g. John 1:12.

rulers = world-rulers. Greek kosmokrator; only here.

darkness. The present order of things.

spiritual wickedness. Literally spiritual (hosts) of the wickedness (Greek ponēria. Ap 128.II.1). ponēria. depravity; iniquity, the wicked acting of the evil nature. See No III.1 below. ponēros = full of labours and pains in working mischief; evil intent, grudging, in connection with the idea expressed in the “evil eye”. (Matt 6:6:23; 20:15. See the context, and Cp Luke 11:13).

These are the evil spirits of the evil one (Satan) (Greek poneros, See 1 John 2:13, and Ap 128. III.1.

high places = the heavenlies. See 1:3. Blessed be the 1God and 2Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, Who hath blessed us with all spiritual blessings in heavenly places in Christ:

13. Wherefore [why] take unto you the 11whole armour of 6God, [so] that ye may be able to withstand 1in the evil day, and having done all, to stand.

wherefore = [why], on account of (Greek dia) this.

take unto you = take up.

withstand. Greek anthistēmi. See Romans 9:19.Thou wilt say then 12unto me, “Why doth He yet find fault? For who hath resisted His will.”

12. It was said unto her, “The elder shall serve the younger.”

the evil day. Perpetually, because the days are evil; 5:16.

Cp Galatians 1:4. Who gave Himself for our sins, that He might deliver us from this present evil world, according to the will of 1God and our Father.

done. Greek katergazomai. See Romans 1:27. And likewise also the men, leaving the 26natural use of the woman, burned 2in their lust one toward the other; men 4with men working that which is unseemly, and receiving in themselves that recompence of their error which was meet.

26. For this cause 1God 24gave them up unto vile affections: for even their women did 25change the natural use  into that which is against nature.

For this cause = Because of (Ap 104. v. 2). this.

vile affections = passions of infamy.

affections = passions or lusts.

25. Who changed the 18truth of 1God into a 23lie, and worshipped and served the creature more than the Creator, Who is blessed forever. Amen.

the truth of God into a lie = the truth of God for a lie. Man transferred his worship from God (the Truth) to the devil. Cp John 8:44. Eph 4:25.

2 Thess 2 9—11.

a lie = the lie. Greek pseudos. Cp 2 Thess 2:11. The lie is that Satan is man’s benefactor and is to be worshipped.

worshipped. Greek sebazomai. Ap 137. 3.

served. Greek latreuō. App 137.4 and 190.III.5.

creature = the things created ;  not only sun, moon, stars, men, the animate creation, but Satan himself, the arch enemy, who by means of his “lie”

(Gen 3:4—5) transferred the worship of man from the Creator  to himself, the creature.

blessed. Greek eūlogēos. Cp  Romans 9:5. mark 14:61. (the) Blessed for ever. Ap. 151. II. A. ii. 7.a.

Amen. See Matt 5:18. John 1:51. and page 1511 for those with The Companion Bible.

28. And even as they did 13not like to retain 1God 2in their knowledge, God 24gave them over 17to a reprobate mind, to do those things which are not convenient:

And even…mind. There is a play upon two words here , not easily expressed in English. “As they rejected God, God rejected them”.

reprobate = a depraved, unprincipled, or wicked person:

24. Wherefore 1God also gave them up 17to uncleaness through the lust of their own hearts, to dishonour their own bodies between themselves.

uncleanness. Greek akatharsia. The cognate word akathartēs in Rev17:4  only. Ceasing to know God(verse 21) results in idolatry, and idolatry ends with “filthiness of the flesh and spirit” (2 Cor 7:1).

to dishonour, &c. that their bodies should be dishonoured.

23. And changed the glory of the uncorruptible 1God into an image made like to corruptible 18man, and to birds, and four footed beasts, and creeping things.

birds, & Egypt they worshipped the hawk and the Ibis.

four-footed beasts. Greek tetrapous. See Acts 10:12. As the bull and the cow , held by the Egyptians sacred to Apis and Hathor (Venus); the dog to Anubis, &c.

creeping things. Greek herpeton. The asp, sacred to the gods of Egypt and found in every heathen pantheon; indeed, the worship of the serpent plays a prominent part in all forms of Paganism. The crocodile, tortoise, frog, and the well-known Scarabaeus beetle, sacred to the sun and Pthah, and used as an emblem of the world (Wilkinson).

01. Paul, a servant of Jesus Christ, called to be an apostle, separated unto the gospel of God.

02.(Which He had promised afore by His prophets  in the holy scriptures).

04.And declared to be the ’Son of God with power, 3according to the spirit of holiness, by the resurrection from the dead:

stand = stand (fast) Greek histēmi. Cp 2 Thessalonians 2:15.