Things you ought to know.
[A] The King and the kingdom, in promise and prophecy (the Old Testament):
[B] The King presented, proclaimed, and rejected (the Four Gospels):
[C] Transitional. The kingdom again offered and rejected (Acts and the earlier Epistles. See App 180 &181):
[B] The King exalted and made head over all things to “the church which is His body”. The “mystery” (the later Pauline Epistle. See App 193)
The kingdom in abeyance (Hebrews 2:6)
[A] The King and the kingdom unveiled. The King enthroned. The kingdom set up. Promise and prophecy fulfilled. (The Revelation)
1. The Lord Jesus Christ is the one great Subject of the Word of God.
Luke 24:27 And beginning at Moses and all the Prophets, He expounded unto them in all the Scriptures the things concerning Himself.
John 5:39 Search the scriptures; for in them ye think ye have eternal life: and they are they which testify of me.
being the promised “Seed” of the woman. Search Greek ereunaō = to search as a lion or hound tracks by scent.
Genesis 3:15 And I will put enmity between thee and the woman, and between thy seed (Kenites) and her Seed; (Jews & Gentiles) It shall bruise thy
head, and thou shalt bruise His heel. (They denote the temporary sufferings of the Seed, and the complete destruction of Satan and his works).
He is therefore the Master-key to the Divine revelation of the Word. The whole Bible is about Him\ directly or indirectly, and as everything centres in
in and around Him, apart from Him it cannot be understood.
This is set forth in the foregoing Structure, from which we see that Genesis and Revelation, “the first” and “the last” books of the Bible, are
inseparably linked together. Genesis is “the beginning” an d Revelation the ending of the written Word, even as the Lord, the Incarnate Word,
spoke of Himself.
Revelation 21:6 And He said unto me, “it is done. I am Alpha and Omega, the Beginning and the End. I will give unto him that is athirst of the
fountain of the water of life freely.
Revelation 22:13 I am Alpha and Omega, the Beginning and the End, the First and the Last.
Revelation is the complement of Genesis. Either without the other would be unintelligible. Genesis 1—2 finds its correspondence in Revelation 21-22.
Without the first chapters of Genesis, Revelation would be an insoluble riddle, as indeed it is to those who treat the record of “the Creation” and the
“Fall” as “myths”.
2Timothy 4:4 And they shall turn away their ears from the truth, and shall be turned unto fables.
Without the last chapters of the Revelation “the book” would be a hopeless and heart-breaking record of the failure and doom of the Adamic race.
The Bible may be likened unto a beautiful and complex girdle or belt, with a corresponding connecting clasp at each end, one the compliment of the
other. Do away with either, and the girdle is useless, as a girdle. So here, Genesis and Revelation are the two clasps of the Divine Word, which link
together and enclose between them in “perfection of beauty” and harmony the whole of the scriptures in which God has been pleased to reveal His
“Eternal Purpose” (App 198)
2. ITS SCOPE, &c. The key to unlock the meaning and scope of the book is found in…
Revelation1:10 I was in the Spirit on the Lord’s day, and heard behind me a great voice, as of a trumpet. (The Hebrew terms for which are
to the Greek hē kuriakē hēmera, the Lord’s Day.
“The Lord’s day” = THE DAY OF THE LORD (Jehovah),
Isaiah 2:12 The flowers appear on the earth; the time of the singing of birds is come, and the voice of the turtle is heard in our land.
Turtle = Turtle doves. A migratory bird. (Jeremiah 8:7).
John was not in a “a state of spiritual exaltation” on any particular Sunday at Patmos, as the result of which “he saw visions and dreamed dreams”.
But as we are told, “I came to be (or found myself) by the Spirit in the day of the Lord”.
Ezekiel 1:1 Now it came to pass in the thirtieth year, in the fourth month, in the fifth day of the month, as I was among the captives by the river of
Chebar, that the heavens were opened, and I saw visions of God.
Ezekiel 8:3 And He put forth the form of an hand, and took me by a lock of mine head; and the spirit lifted me up between the earth and the
heaven, and brought me in the visions of God to Jerusalem, to the door of the inner gate that looketh toward the north; where was the seat of the
image of jealousy, which provoketh to jealousy.
He is then shown, and both seen and hears (Rev 22:8), the things he records.
Revelation 22:8 And I John saw these things, and heard them. And when I had heard and seen, I fell down to worship before the feet of the
angel which shewed me these things.
“The day of the Lord” being yet future, it follows that the whole book must concern the things belonging to “that day”, and consequently is wholly
prophecy. Though partial adumbrations (To give a sketchy outline of.) of judgement may be traced in connection with affairs of past history, yet the
significant, solemn warning here (1:10) that the “judgements” in Revelation relate to the day of the Lord, “the day of vengeance”
Isaiah 51:2 Look unto Abraham your father, and unto Sarah that bare you: for I called him alone, and blessed him, and increased him.
Isaiah 63:4 For the day of vengeance is in Mine heart, and the year of My redeemed is come.
This makes it clear that the book concerns the future, and the day of the unveiling (the Apocalypse) of the great “King of kings and Lord of lords.”
(See App 198)
Its scope is further shown by its place in the Canon.. The order of the separate books of the N.T. varies, but they are always formed in four groups
that never vary chronologically. (See App 95.11.)
The Gospels contain the prophecies of the great tribulation: Revelation describes it. Between, come the Scriptures of the intermediate period. Acts
and the Epistles. Chronologically and canonically , Revelation follows after the Epistles., though logically in God’s purpose it follows the Gospels.
Ephesians 3:11 According to the eternal purpose which He purposed in Christ Jesus our Lord:
Therefore we see the scope embraces the wind-up of all affairs of time; it records the end of prophecy, the end of “the secret of God”
Rev 10:7 But in the days of the voice of the seventh angel, when he shall begin to sound, the mystery of God should be finished, as He hath
declared to His servants the prophets.
The end of all “enmity towards God”, and the dawn of the “ages of the ages”.
3.ITS HEBREW CHARACTER. The language of the book is Greek: it’s thought and idioms are hebrew. This links it with the O.T. and shows that
its great purpose is to declare God’s final dealings with the Jew and the Gentile as such; and the “the church of God” of the Pauline Epistles and this
dispensation (App 195) has no place in Revelation (other than in association with its glorified Head)
See App 193. All the imagery of the book, Temple, Tabernacle, &c belongs to Israel.
Again, in Matthew (the Hebrew Gospel) are some 92 quotations from and references to the O.T. In Hebrews there are 102. In Revelation are found
no fewer than 285. This emphatically stamps its close connection with the O.T. and Israel; and it equally stamps the latest utterances of “modern
scholarship”, viz. that “whatever view may be taken of the indebtedness to Jewish sources, there can be no doubt that he (the writer) has produced a
book which taken as a whole is profoundly Christian”, as being the dicta of men who, wittingly or unwittingly, are blind to this fundamental fact of
THE TITLES OF CHRIST further attest its Hebrew character.
i. “The Son of man” (1:13, 14:14).Never found in the Pauline Epistles to the “churches”. See Ap98. xvi and App 99.
ii. “The Almighty” (1:8 &c). see App 98 iv.
iii. “The Lord God” (3:8 and see 22:6) this title with Gen 2.4—3. 24 in connection with “paradise”.
iv. “The First and the Last” (1:11,17; 2:8, 22:13) Never associated with “the church which is His body”.
v. “The Prince of the kings of the earth” (1:5) Never used in connection with “the church”.
vi. “Who is to come” (= The Coming One), 1.4 &c. Occ16 times in the Gospels, Acts, Hebrews, (10:37); 3 times in Revelation, and
vii. “The Living One” (1:18). A title only found in Daniel (4;31; 12:7) and six times in this book. Thus linking Daniel and Revelation
in a very special manner.
4. THE “BRIDE” AND THE “WIFE” of Rev 21:9 must not be confused with the “wife” of Rev 19:7. The latter is Israel called out from among the
nations for blessing in “the Land”; the earthly consort of “the Great King” (Psalm 45; Jeremiah 3:14). This “wife” (18:7) is connected with
the Millennial Jerusalem which with the rest of the earth “that now” is, will pass away and give place to the new earth with the New Jerusalem
succeeding and replacing the former. “The bride the Lamb’s wife” of 21:9, is still of Israel, but the Israel of the “heavenly calling”
Hebrews 3:1 Put them in mind to be subject to principalities and powers, to obey magistrates, to be ready to every good work,.
All those connected with the “heavenly country” and “the city with the foundations” for which they “looked”.
13. From henceforth expecting till His enemies be made His footstool.
14. For by one offering He hath perfected forever them that are sanctified.
15. Whereof the Holy Ghost also is a witness to us: for after that He had said before,
16.”This is the covenant that I will make with them after those days, saith the LORD; I will put My laws into their hearts, and in their minds
I write them.
The “Jerusalem above”.
Galatians 4:26 But Jerusalem which is above is free, which is the mother of us all.
Hence the significance of the term “bride” (numphē) in 21:9
The Israel of 19:7 is not spoken of as bride (numphē), because she has become wife (gunē). The “married to you” = am become your husband
Jeremiah 3:14 Turn, O backsliding children, saith the LORD; for I am married unto you: and I will take you one of a city, and two of a family,
and I will bring you to Zion:
and see the Note there relating to the “restoration” time. Married = am become your husband. This will be the result of the Restoration here
promised. Here (21:9) the term “bride” indicates clearly that the betrothal has taken place and that the marriage will be consummated when the
bride shall have come down out of heaven. John sees her coming down (pres part) 21:10
The loose way in which we speak of a “bride” as not only a contracting party at the time of the marriage ceremony, but also of her after she
has become wife (gunē), is responsible for much confusion as to the “wife” of 19:7 and the bride-wife of 21:9.
Strictly speaking, “bride” is to be applied only to a betrothed virgin (Greek pathenos = Hebrew bᵄthūlāh), when the marriage (legal) ceremony takes
place. Directly after, she ceases to be “bride” , and has become (legally) “wife” , although from the forensic point of view consummation of the
marriage may be delayed.
Matthew 1:25 And knew her not till she had brought forth her firstborn Son: and he called His name Jesus.
and see the note there. Knew her = Hebrew idiom and Fig Metonymy (of adjunct) for cohabitation. (Matthew 12:44-59; 13:35-36) clearly show that
she had sons afterwards.
According to the Mosaic Law, a betrothed maid (Hebrew bᵄthūlāh) was legally a wife (ishshāh),
Matthew 1:19 - 20
19. Then Joseph her husband, being a just man, and not willing to make her a publick example, was minded to put her away privily.
20. But while he thought on these things, behold, the angel of the LORD appeared unto him in a dream, saying, “Joseph, thou son of David,
fear not to take unto thee Mary thy wife: for That Which is conceived in her is of the Holy Ghost.”
With Deuteronomy 22:23-24
23. If a damsel that is a virgin be betrothed unto a husband, and a man find her in the city, and lie with her;
24. Then ye shall bring them both out unto the gate of that city, and ye shall stone them with stones that they die; the damsel because she cried not.
being in the city; and the ma, because he hath humbled his neighbour’s wife: so thou shalt put away evil from among you.
Betrothed: This, taken with “wife” (verse 24) explains Matthew 1:19-20.
Hence Joseph’s trouble and temptation;
A careful study of the terms in Matt 1:18-25 will afford a clue to a clearer understanding of the terms “bride” and the two ”wives” of Revelation 19;7
& 21:9 than volumes of commentary.
If the earthly millennial metropolis is real, so is this also, for both are spoken of in the same terms. And if the laying of “thy stones with fair colours”
and “thy foundations with sapphires”.
Isa 54:11 “O thou afflicted, tossed with tempest, and not comforted, behold, I will lay thy stones with fair colours, and lay thy foundations with
Is spoken of the day when God is to be called “the God of the whole earth” (see verse 5) , it must refer to the time of…
Isaiah 65:17 For, behold, I create new heavens and a new earth: and the former shall not be remembered, nor come into mind.
Isaiah 66:22 “For as the new heavens and the new earth, which I will make, shall remain before Me, saith the LORD, so shall your seeda and
your name remain.”
Revelation 21:1 And I saw a new heaven and a new earth: for the first heaven and the first earth were passed away; and there was no more sea.
Moreover, laying foundations implies a solid substratum on which to lay them, i.e. earth. Foundations are of no use to a city “suspended” in the air!
The same argument applies also to the “tree of life” and the “water of life”. If the “river” and “trees for meat” of Ezekiel 47:1-12 are real, and literal,
so also are the “tree” and the “water” of life here. Again, both are spoken of in identical terms. There is no more room for “imagery” in the one case
than the other. The “tree of life” lost in the paradise of Genesis is here seen restored to the whole earth in the day when “the God of the whole earth”
will “tabernacle£ with men,--(and be) “their God”.
Revelation 21:3 And I heard a great voice out of heaven saying, “Behold the tabernacle of God is with men, and He will dwell with them, and they
shall be His people, and God Himself shall be with them, and be their God.
There is no place for “symbolism “in either case.
5. The more important Figs of speech are noted.
These will supply helpful keys where the symbolism is not Divinely explained or indicated, and will enable the student to judge whether Revelation
is purely Johannine (Johannine works (Gospel of John) “symbolic imagery”, as some affirm, and a “legitimate appeal to Christian imagination”;
or whether the book is, as it claims to be, a deliberate setting forth proleptically (Rhetoric. the anticipation of possible objections in order to answer
them in advance) of the actual scenes and events with which God declares that His purposes concerning the heaven and the earth shall be
7. CONCLUSION. The “tree of life” (22:2) and the “water of life” (verse 1:17) are seen to be the great central subjects of the new earth.
No longer will there be any “curse” (verse 3), In place of the “Fall” we have restoration. Instead of expulsion—“lest he put forth his hand, and
take also of the tree of life, and eat, and live forever”.
Genesis 3:22 And the LORD God said, “Behold, the man has become as one of Us, to know good and evil: and now, lest he put forth his hand,
and take also of the tree of life, and eat, and live for ever: --“
is the gracious invitation to those who! have right to the tree of life” (v22) “Come, whosoever desireth, and let him take the water of life freely”
8. The Benediction (22:21) not only completes the correspondence of the Structure (p1883), but appropriately closes the whole of the book of God.
“Grace and truth came by Jesus Christ”
John 1:17 For the law was given by Moses, but grace and truth came by Jesus Christ.
In this dispensation all is of grace. Grace now, glory hereafter.
Psalms 84:11 For the LORD God is a sun and shield: The LORD will grace and glory: No good thing will He withhold from them that walk
In the time coming, with which Revelation is concerned, grace will be given to “endure to the end”
Matthew 24:13 But he that shall endure unto the end, the same shall be saved.
To all who come out of the great tribulation” (7:14); to all slain under antichrist “for the word of God” (6:9); and to all who “have the testimony of
Jesus Christ (12:17). “Grace, grace.” ALL IS OF GRACE!