Tobit Of the tribe of Naphtali

J E Bradburn

Tobit 1:16—2:13

This book tells the story of Tobit; a righteous Israelite of the tribe of Naphtali, living in Nineveh after Sargon II had deported the northern tribes of Israel to Assyria in 721 BC.

1 The book of the words of Tobit, the son of Tobiel, the son of Ananiel, the son of Aduel, the son of Gabael, of the seed of Asael, of the tribe of Nephthali [Naphtali];

2 who in the time of Enemessar king of the Assyrians was led captive out of Thisbe, which is at the right hand of the city, which is called properly Naphtali in Galilee above Aser.  3 “I Tobit have walked all the days of my life in the way of truth and justice, and I did many alms deeds to my brethren, and my nation, who came with me to Nineveh, into to the land of the Assyrians. 4 “And when I was in mine own country, in the land of Israel, being but young, all the tribe of Nephthali my father fell from the house of Jerusalem, which was chosen out of all the tribes of Israel, that all the tribes should sacrifice there, and where the temple of the habitation of the Most High was consecrated and built for all ages(to declare or set apart a building, area of ground, or specific spot as holy). 5 “Now all the tribes which together revolted, and the house of my father Nephthali, sacrificed unto the heifer Baal 6 “But I alone went often to Jerusalem at the feasts, as it was ordained unto all the people of Israel by an everlasting decree, having the first fruits and tenths of increase, with that which was first shorn; and them gave I at the altar to the priests the children of Aaron(Harvest Festivals here at U.K). 7 “The first tenth part of all increase I gave to the sons of Aaron (The Levites), who ministered at Jerusalem: another tenth part I sold away, and went, and spent it every year at Jerusalem: 8 “and the third I gave unto them to whom it was meet (Bring forth fruits meet for repentance. Matt 3), as Debora my father’s mother had commanded me, because I was left an orphan by my father.” 9 “Furthermore, when I was come to the age of a man, I married Anna of mine own kindred, and of her I begat Tobias. 10 “And when we were carried away captives to Nineveh, all my brethren and those that were of my kindred did eat of the bread of the Gentiles.” 11 “But I kept myself from eating; 12 “because I remembered God with all my heart.” 13 “And the Most High gave me grace and favour before Enemessar, so that I was his purveyor (a person or company supplying goods, especially foods). 14 “And I went into Media, and left in trust with Gabael, the brother of Gabrias, Rages a city of Media, ten talents of silver. 15 “Now when Enemessar was dead, Sennacherib his son reigned in his stead; whose estate was troubled, that I could not go into Media.”  16 “And in the time of Enemessar I gave many alms to my brethren, and gave my bread to the hungry, 17 “and my clothes to the naked: and if I saw any of my nation dead, or cast about the walls of Nineveh, I buried him.” 18 “And if the king Sennacherib had slain any, when he was come, and fled from Judea, I buried them privily; for in his wrath he killed many; but the bodies were not found, when they were sought for of the king. 19 “And when one of the Ninevites went and complained of me to the king, that I buried them, and hid myself; understanding that I was sought for to be put to death, I withdrew myself for fear.” 20 “Then all my goods were forcibly taken away, neither was their anything left me, beside[s] my wife Anna and my son Tobias.”  21 “And there passed not fifty days, before two of his sons killed him, and they fled into the mountains of Ararath [Ararat] (Mount Ararat, the Biblical Mountain. Mount Ararat (Agri Dagi) is located in the far eastern part of Turkey, Armenia, near the border of Iran. It is the mythical resting place of Noah's Ark, as mentioned in the Book of Genesis). And Sarchedonus his son reigned in his stead: who appointed over his father’s accounts, and over all his affairs, my brother Anael’s son.” 22 “And Achiacharus intreating (interacting) for me, I returned to Nineveh. Now Achiacharus was cupbearer, and keeper of the signet, and steward, and overseer of the accounts: and Sarchedonus appointed him next unto him: and he was my brother’s son.” 2:1 “Now when I was come home again, and my wife Anna was restored unto me, with my son Tobias, in the feast of Pentecost, which is the holy feast of the seven weeks, there was a good dinner prepared me; and I sat down to eat.”

2:2 “And when I saw [an] abundance of meat, I said to my son, ‘Go and bring what poor man soever thou shalt find out of our brethren, who is mindful of the Lord; and lo, ‘I tarry [wait] for thee.’” 2:3 “But he came again, and said, ‘Father, one of our nation is strangled, and is cast out in the market place.’” 2:4 “Then before I had tasted any meat, I started up, and took him (the dead man) up into a room until the going down of the sun.”  2:5 “Then I returned, and washed myself, and ate my meal in heaviness, 2:6 remembering that [the] prophecy of Amos, as he said, “Your feasts shall be turned into mourning, and all your mirth (happiness or enjoyment, especially accompanied by laughter) into lamentation. 2:7 “Therefore I wept: and after the going down of the sun I went and made a grave , and buried him.” (The day was the Sabbath that is why Tobit waited for the evening) 2:8 “But my neighbours mocked me, and said, “This man is not yet afraid to be put to death for this matter: who fled away; and yet, lo, he burieth the dead again.  Ecclesiastes 12:7 (KJV) “Then shall the dust return to the earth as it was: and the spirit shall return unto God who gave it.”


” Commandment ΙV

Exodus 20:8--11 Remember the Sabbath day, to keep it holy.

09. Six days shalt thou labour, and do all thy work.

10. But the seventh day is the Sabbath of the LORD thy God: = in it thou shalt not do any work, thou, thy son, nor thy daughter, thy manservant, nor thy maidservant, nor thy cattle, nor thy stranger that is within thy gates.

11. For in six days the LORD made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day: wherefore the LORD blessed the Sabbath day, and hallowed it.


Genesis (KJV)

01 In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth.

02 And the earth was without form, and void; and darkness was upon the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters.

03 And God said, Let there be light: and there was light.

04 And God saw the light, that it was good: and God divided the light from the darkness.

05 And God called the light Day, and the darkness he called Night. And the evening and the morning were the first day.

06 And God said, Let there be a firmament in the midst of the waters, and let it divide the waters from the waters.

07 And God made the firmament, and divided the waters which were under the firmament from the waters which were above the firmament: and it was so.

08 And God called the firmament Heaven. And the evening and the morning were the second day.

09 And God said, Let the waters under the heaven be gathered together unto one place, and let the dry land appear: and it was so.

10 And God called the dry land Earth; and the gathering together of the waters called he Seas: and God saw that it was good.

11 And God said, Let the earth bring forth grass, the herb yielding seed, and the fruit tree yielding fruit after his kind, whose seed is in itself, upon the earth: and it was so.

12 And the earth brought forth grass, and herb yielding seed after his kind, and the tree yielding fruit, whose seed was in itself, after his kind: and God saw that it was good.

13 And the evening and the morning were the third day.

14 And God said, Let there be lights in the firmament of the heaven to divide the day from the night; and let them be for signs, and for seasons, and for days, and years:

15 And let them be for lights in the firmament of the heaven to give light upon the earth: and it was so.

16 And God made two great lights; the greater light to rule the day, and the lesser light to rule the night: he made the stars also.

17 And God set them in the firmament of the heaven to give light upon the earth,

18 And to rule over the day and over the night, and to divide the light from the darkness: and God saw that it was good.

19 And the evening and the morning were the fourth day.

20 And God said, Let the waters bring forth abundantly the moving creature that hath life, and fowl that may fly above the earth in the open firmament of heaven.

21 And God created great whales, and every living creature that moveth, which the waters brought forth abundantly, after their kind, and every winged fowl after his kind: and God saw that it was good.

22 And God blessed them, saying, Be fruitful, and multiply, and fill the waters in the seas, and let fowl multiply in the earth.

23 And the evening and the morning were the fifth day.

24 And God said, Let the earth bring forth the living creature after his kind, cattle, and creeping thing, and beast of the earth after his kind: and it was so.

25 And God made the beast of the earth after his kind, and cattle after their kind, and everything that creepeth upon the earth after his kind: and God saw that it was good.

26 And God said, “Let us make man in our image, after our likeness: and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over the cattle, and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth.”

27 So God created man in his own image, in the image of God created he him; male and female created he them.

28 And God blessed them, and God said unto them, Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth, and subdue it: and have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over every living thing that moveth upon the earth.

29 And God said, “Behold, I have given you every herb bearing seed, which is upon the face of all the earth, and every tree, in the which is the fruit of a tree yielding seed; to you it shall be for meat.”

30 And to every beast of the earth, and to every fowl of the air, and to everything that creepeth upon the earth, wherein there is life, I have given every green herb for meat: and it was so. 

31 And God saw everything that he had made, and, behold, it was very good. And the evening and the morning were the sixth day.


2 Peter 3:8 (KJV) But, beloved, be not ignorant of this one thing, that one day is with the Lord as a thousand years, and a thousand years as one day.”  You really need to read the whole of before reading the rest of the links to fully understand Genesis; and why we are here on this earth.


2:9 “The same night also I returned from the burial, and slept by the wall of my courtyard, being polluted, and my face uncovered: 2:10 “and I knew not that there were sparrows in the wall, and mine eyes being open, the sparrows muted (defecated) warm dung into mine eyes, and a whiteness came in [to] mine eyes; and I went to the physicians, but they helped me not: moreover Achiacharus did nourish me, until I went into Elymais.” (Elymais. Elymais, ancient Parthian vassal state located east of the lower Tigris River and usually considered part of the larger district of Susiana. It incorporated much of the area of the biblical region of Elam, approximately equivalent to the modern region of Khūzestān, Iran.)

2:11 “And my wife Anna did take women’s work to do. 2:12 “And when she had sent them home to the owners, they paid her wages, giving her also besides a kid,” 2:13 “And when it was in my house, and began to cry, I said unto her, ‘From whence is this kid? Is it not stolen? Render it to the owners; for it is not lawful to eat anything that is stolen.’”


Tobit 2:14—3:17

2:14 “But she replied upon me, “It was given for a gift more than the wages.’ ‘Howbeit I did not believe her, but bade her render it to the owners: and I was abashed at her (to make somebody feel ashamed, embarrassed, or uncomfortable). But she replied upon me, Where are thine alms and thy righteous deeds? Behold, thou and all thy righteous works are known.’” 3:1 “Then I being grieved did weep, and in my sorrow prayed, saying,” 3:2 “O Lord, Thou art just, and all Thy works and all Thy ways are mercy and truth, and thou judgest truly and justly forever.” 3:3 “Remember me, and look on me; punish me not for my sins and ignorance’s, and the sins of my fathers, who have sinned before thee:” 3:4 “for they obeyed not thy commandments whereforethou (how You have) hast delivered us for a spoil, and unto captivity, and unto death, and for a proverb of reproach to all the nations among whom we are dispersed.” 3:5 “And now Thy judgements are many and true: deal with me according to my sins and my fathers; because we have not kept Thy commandments, neither have walked in truth before Thee.” 3:6 “Now therefore deal with me as seemeth best unto Thee, and command my spirit to be taken from me, that I may be dissolved, and become earth: for it is profitable for me to die rather than to live, because I have heard also false reproaches, and have much sorrow: command therefore that I may now be delivered out of this distress, and go into the everlasting place: turn not Thy face away from me.

If you have any issues, then pray to God for forgiveness and hope He hears your prayers. However; you need to fully repent and lead a clean and selfless life until you are judged.

3:7 “It came to pass the same day, that in Ecbatane a city of Media, Sara the daughter of Raquel was also reproached by her father’s maids;” 3:8 “because that she had been married to seven husbands, whom Asmodeus the evil spirit had killed, before they had lain with her. ‘Dost thou not know, said they, that thou hast strangled thine husbands? Thou hast already seven husbands, neither wast thou named after any of them.”

3:9 “Wherefore [why] dost thou beat us for them? if they be dead go thy ways after them, never let us see of thee either son or daughter.” 3:10 “When she heard these things she was very sorrowful, so that she thought to have strangled herself; and she said, ‘I am the only daughter of my father, and if I do this, it shall be a reproach unto him, and I shall bring his old age with sorrow unto the grave.’”

3:11 “Then she prayed toward the window, and said, ‘Blessed art Thou, O Lord my God, and Thine holy and glorious name is blessed and honourable for ever:’” 3:12 “And now O Lord, I set my face toward Thee, 3:13 “and say, ‘Take me out of the earth, that I may hear no more the reproach.” (to feel ashamed because you know you have done something wrong)  3:14 "Thou knowest, Lord, that I am pure from all sin with man,” 3:15 “and that I never polluted my name, nor the name of my father, in the land of my captivity: I am the only daughter of my father, neither has he any child to be his heir, neither any near kinsman, nor any son of his alive, to whom I may keep myself for a wife: my seven husbands are already dead; and why should I live? But if it please not Thee that if I should die, command some regard to be had of me, and pity taken of me, that I hear no more reproach.” 3:16 “So the prayers of them both were heard before the majesty of the Great God.”  

3:17 “And Raphael was sent to heal them both, that is, to scale away the whiteness of Tobit’s eyes, and to give Sara the daughter of Raquel for a wife to Tobias the son of Tobit: and to bind Asmodeus the evil spirit; because she belonged to Tobias by right of inheritance. The self same time came Tobit home, and entered into his house, and Sara the daughter of Raquel came down from her upper chamber.


Tobit 4:1—17


4:1 “In that day Tobit remembered the money which he had committed to Gabael Rages of Media, 4:2 and said with himself, “I have wished for death; wherefore [why] do I not call for my son Tobias, that I signify to him of the money before I die?” 4:3 And when he had called him he said, “My son, when I am dead, bury me; and despise not thy mother, but honour her all the days of thy life, and do that which shall please her, and grieve her not.” 4:4 “Remember, my son, that she saw many dangers for thee, when thou wast in her womb; and when she is dead, bury her by me in one grave.” Ecclesiastes 12:7 (KJV) Then shall the dust return to the earth as it was: and the spirit shall return unto God who gave it. 4:5 “My son, be mindful of the Lord our God all thy days, and let thy will not be set to sin, or to transgress His commandments: do uprightly all the days of thy life long, and follow not the ways of unrighteousness.  4:6 “For if thou deal truly, thy doings shall prosperously proceed to thee, and to all them that live justly.” 4:7 “Give alms of thy substance; and when thou givest alms let not thine eye be envious, neither turn thy face from any poor, and the face of God shall not be turned away from thee.” 4:8 “If thou hast abundance, give alms accordingly: if thou have but a little, be not afraid to give according to that little.” 4:9 “For thou layest up a good treasure for thyself against the day of necessity.” 4:10 “Because that alms do deliver form death, and suffereth not to come into darkness.” 4:11 “For alms is a good gift unto all that give it in the sight of the Most High.

4:12 “Beware of all whoredom, my son, and chiefly take a wife of the seed of thy father’s and take not a strange woman to wife, which is not of thy father’s tribe: for we are the children of the prophets, Noe, Abraham, Isaac, Jacob. Remember, my son, that our fathers from the beginning, even that they all married wives of their own kindred, and were blessed in their children, and their seed shall inherit the land.” 

4:13 Now therefore, my son, love thy brethren, and despise not in thy heart thy brethren, the sons and daughters of thy people, in not taking a wife of them: for in pride is destruction and much trouble, and in lewdness is decay and great want: for lewdness is the mother of famine.” 4:14 “Let not the wages of any man, which hath wrought [worked] for thee, tarry with thee, but give him it out of hand: for if thou serve God, he will also repay thee: be circumspect (taking into consideration all possible circumstances and consequences before acting) my son, in all things thou doest, and be wise in all thy conversation.” 11:15 Do that to no man which thou hatest: drink not wine to make the drunken: neither let drunkenness go with thee in thy journey.  4:16 Give of thy bread to the hungry, and of thy garments to them that are naked; and according to thy abundance give alms; and let not thine eye be envious, when thou givest alms.” 4:17 “Pour out thy bread on the burial of the just, and give nothing to the wicked.”


Tobit 4:18—5:16

4:18 “Ask counsel of all that are wise, and despise not any counsel that is profitable.”  (This betters oneself, while no man is an island; and while dealing with all that life throws at you: alone!). 4:19 Bless the Lord thy God always[s], and desire of Him that thy ways may be directed, and that all thy paths and counsels may prosper: for every nation hath not counsel; but the Lord Himself giveth all good things, and he humbleth whom He will, as He will; now therefore, my son, remember my commandments, neither let them be put out of thy mind.” 4:20 “And now I signify this to thee, that I committed ten talents to Gabael the son of Gabrias at Rages in Media.” 4:21 “And fear not, my son, that we are made poor: for thou hast much wealth, if thou fear God, and depart from all sin, and do that which is pleasing in His sight.

5:1 Tobias then answered and said, Father, I will do all [these] things which thou hast commanded me;5:2 “but how can I receive the money, seeing I know him not?”  5:3 Then he gave him the handwriting, and said unto him, “Seek thee a man which may go with thee, and I will give him wages whilst I yet live: and go and receive the money.”  5:4 Therefore when he went to seek a man, he found Raphael that was an angel.”   5:5 But he knew not; and he said unto him, “Canst thou go with me to Rages? And knowest thou those places well?”  5:6 To whom the angel said, “I will go with thee, and I know the way well: for I have lodged with our brother Gabael.” 5:7 Then Tobias said unto him, “Tarry for me, until I tell my father.” 5:8  Then he said unto him, “Go, and tarry not.” So he went in and said to his father, “Behold, I have found one which will go with me.” Then he [Tobit] said, ‘Call him unto me, that I may know of what tribe he is, and whether he be a trusty man to go with thee.” 5:9 So he [Tobias] called him, and he came in, and they saluted one another (mark of respect). 5:10 Then Tobit said unto him, “Brother, show me of what tribe and family thou art.”

5:11 To whom he said, “Dost thou seek for a tribe or a family, or an hired man to go with thy son?” Then Tobit said unto him, “I would know, brother, thy kindred and name.” 5:12 Then he said, “I am Azarias, the son of Ananias the great, and of thy brethren.” 5:13 Then Tobit said, “Thou art welcome, brother; be not now angry with me, because I have enquired to know thy tribe and thy family; for thou art my brother, from an honest and good stock: for I know Ananias, and Jonathoas, sons of the great Samaias, as we went together to Jerusalem to worship, and offered the firstborn, and the tenths of the fruits; and they were not seduced with the error of our brethren: my brother, thou art of a good stock.  5:14 “But tell me, what wages shall I give thee? Wilt thou a dracma a day, and things necessary to mine own son?” 5:15 “Yea, moreover, if ye return safe, I will add something to thy wages.” 5:16 So they were well pleased. then said he to Tobias, “Prepare thyself for the journey, and God send you a good journey.” And when his son had prepared all things for the journey, his father said, “Go thou with this man, and God which dwelleth in heaven, prosper your journey, and the angel of God keep you company.” So they went forth both, and the young man’s dog with them.


Tobit 5:17—6:15

5:17 But Anna his mother wept, and said to Tobit, “Why hast thou sent away our son? Is he not the staff of our land, in going in and out before us?” 5:18 “Be not greedy to add money to money: but let it be as refuse in respect of our child.” 5:19 “For that which the Lord hath given us to live with doth suffice us.”  5:20 Then said Tobit to her, “Take no care my sister; he shall return in safety, and thine eyes shall see him.”  5:21 “For the good angel will keep him company, and his journey shall be prosperous, and he shall return safe.” 5:22 Then she made an end of weeping.

6:1 And as they went on their journey, they came in the evening to the river Tigris, and they lodged there. 6:2 And when the young man went down to wash himself, a fish leaped out of the river, and would have devoured him. 6:3 Then the angel said unto him, “Take this fish.” And the young man laid hold of the fish, and drew it to [the] land. 6:4 To whom the angel said, “Open the fish, and take the heart and the liver, and the gall, and put them up safely” 6:5 So the young man did as the angel commanded him; and when they had roasted the fish, they did eat it: then they both went on their way, until they drew near to Ecbatane. (See map above) 6:6 Then the young man said to the angel, “Brother Azarias, to what use is the heart, and the liver, and the gall of the fish?” 6:7 And he said unto him, “Touching the heart and the liver, if the devil or an evil spirit trouble any, we must make a smoke thereof before the man or the woman, and the party shall no more be vexed.” 6:8 “As for the gall, it is good to anoint a man that has whiteness in his eyes, and he shall be healed.” 6:9 And when they had come near to Rages, 6:10 the angel said to the young man, “Brother, today we shall lodge with Raguel, who is thy cousin; he also hath one only daughter, named Sara; I will speak for her, that she may be given thee for a wife.” 6:11 “For to thee doth the right of her appertain, seeing thou only art of her kindred.”

6:12 “And the maid is fair and wise: now therefore hear me, and I will speak to her father: and when we return from Rages we will celebrate the marriage: for I know that Raguel cannot marry her to another according to the law of Moses, but [or] he shall be guilty of death, because the right of inheritance doth rather appertain to thee than to any other.” 6:13 Then the young man answered the angel, “I have heard, brother Azarias, that this maid hath been given to seven men, who all died in the marriage chamber.” 6:14 “And now I am the only son of my father and I am afraid, lest, if I go in unto her, I die, as the others before: for a wicked spirit loveth her, which hurteth no one except those which come unto her :wherefore [why] I also fear lest I die, and bring my father’s and my mother’s life because of me to the grave with sorrow: for they have no other son to bury them.”

6:15 Then the angel said to him, “Dost thou not remember the precepts that thy father gave thee, that thou shouldest marry a wife of thine own kindred? Wherefore [why] hear me, O my brother; for that she will be given to thee to wife; and make thou no reckoning of the evil spirit; for this same night shall she be given thee in marriage.”


6:16 “And when thou shalt come into the marriage chamber, thou shalt take the ashes of perfume, and lay upon them some of the heart and liver of the fish, and shalt make a smoke with it.” 6:17 “And the devil shall smell it, and flee away, and never come again anymore: but when thou shalt come to her, rise up both of you, and pray to God which is merciful, who will have pity on you, and save you: fear not, for she is appointed unto thee from the beginning; and thou shalt preserve her, and she shall go with thee. Moreover I suppose she will bear thee children.”

7:1 “Now when Tobias had heard these things, he loved her, and his heart was effectually joined to her. And he came to Ecbatane. And he came to the house of Raguel; and Sara met him: and saluted him, and he them; and she brought them into the house.” 7:2 “Then said Raguel to Edna his wife, “How like is this young man to Tobit my cousin!” 7:3 And Raguel asked them, “From whence are ye brethren?” To whom they said, “We are of the sons of Nephthali, which are captives in Nineveh.”  7:4 Then he said to them, “Do ye know Tobit are kinsman? And they said, “We know him.” Then said he “is he in good health?” 7:5 And they said, “He is both alive and in good health: and Tobias said, “He is my father.” 7:6 “Then Raguel leaped up, and kissed him, and wept,” 7:7 and blessed him, and said unto him, “Thou art the son of an honest and good man. But when he heard that Tobit was blind, he was sorrowful and wept.”

7:8 And likewise Edna his wife and Sara his daughter wept. Moreover they entertained them cheerfully; and after that they had killed a ram of the flock, they set store of meat on the table. Then said Tobias to Raphael, “Brother Azarias, speak of those things which thou didst talk in the way, and let this business be dispatched.” 7:9 So he communicated the matter with Raguel: and Raguel said to Tobias, “Eat and drink and be merry:” 7:10 “for it is meet [meant] that thou shouldest marry my daughter: nevertheless I will declare unto thee the truth.” 7:11 “I have given my daughter in marriage to seven men, who died that night they came in unto he, nevertheless for the present be merry. But Tobias said, “I will eat nothing here, till we agree and swear one to another.” 7:12 And Raguel said, “Then take her from henceforth according to the manner, for thou art her cousin, and she is thine, and the merciful God give you success in all things.”

7:13 Then he called his daughter Sara, and she came to her father, and he took her by the hand, and gave her to be wife to Tobias, saying, “Behold, take her after the law of Moses, and lead her away to thy father. “ And he blessed them;

7:14 “and called Edna his wife, and took paper, and did write an instrument of covenants, and sealed it.” 7:15 “Then they began to eat.” 7:16 After, Raguel called his wife Edna, and said unto her, “Sister, prepare another chamber, and bring her in thither.


Tobit 7:17—9:2

7:17 “Which when she had done as he had bidden her she brought her thither: and she wept, and she received the tears of her daughter,” and said unto her, 7:18 “Be of good comfort, my daughter; the Lord of heaven and earth give thee joy for this thy sorrow: be o0f good comfort, my daughter.” 8:1 “And when they had supped, they brought Tobias in unto her.” 8:2 And as he went, he remembered the words of Raphael, and took the ashes of the perfumes, and put the heart and the liver of the fish thereupon, and made a smoke therewith.” 8:3 The which [aroma] smell when the evil spirit had smelled, he fled into the utmost parts of Egypt, and the angel bound him.”  8:4 “And after that they were both shut in together, Tobias rose out of the bed, and said, Sister, arise, and let us pray that God would have pity on us.” 8:5 Then began Tobias to say, “Blessed art thou, O God of our fathers, and blessed is Thy holy and glorious name for ever; let the heavens bless Thee, and all Thy creatures.” 8:6 “Thou madest Adam; Genesis 2:7 KJV And the Lord God formed man of the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living soul.  and gavest him Eve his wife for an helper and stay: of them came mankind: thou hast said, “it is not good that man should be alone; let us make unto him an aid like unto himself. 

Eth Ha Adham = The Man Adam

Genesis 2: 18—25 (KJV)

18 And the Lord God said, “It is not good that the man should be alone; I will make him an help meet for him.”

19 “And out of the ground the Lord God formed every beast of the field, and every fowl of the air; and brought them unto Adam to see what he would call them: and whatsoever Adam called every living creature, that was the name thereof.”

20And Adam gave names to all cattle, and to the fowl of the air, and to every beast of the field; but for Adam there was not found an help meet for him.”

21And the Lord God caused a deep sleep to fall upon Adam, and he slept: and he took one of his ribs [for DNA perhaps], and closed up the flesh instead thereof;”

22 “And the rib, which the Lord God had taken from man, made he a woman, and brought her unto the man.”

23 And Adam said, “This is now bone of my bones, and flesh of my flesh: she shall be called Woman, because she was taken out of Man.”

24Therefore shall a man leave his father and his mother, and shall cleave unto his wife: and they shall be one flesh.”

25 “And they were both naked, the man and his wife, and were not ashamed.”


8:7 “And now O Lord, I take not this my sister for lust, but uprightly: therefore ordain that we may become old together.”   8:8 And she said with him, Amen.” 8:9 “So they slept both that night. And Raguel arose, and went and made a grave, 8:10 saying “I fear lest he be also dead,” 8:11 But when Raguel was come into his house, 8:12 he said unto his wife Edna, “send one of the maids, and let her see whether he be alive: if he is not, that we may bury him, and no man know it.” 8:13 “So the maid opened the door, and went in, and found them both asleep,” 8:14 “and came forth, and told them they were alive.” 8:15 Then Raguel praised God, and said, “O God, thou art worthy to be praised with all pure and holy praise: therefore let all Thy saints praise Thee with all Thy creatures: and let all Thy angels and all Thine elect praise Thee forever more.” 8:16 “Thou art to be praised, for Thou hast made me joyful; and that is not come to me which I suspected; but Thou has dealt with us according to Thy great mercy.” 8:17 “Thou art to be praised, because Thou hast had mercy of two that were the only begotten children of their fathers: grant the mercy, O Lord, and finish their life in health with joy and mercy.” 8:18 “Then Raguel bade his servants to fill the grave.” 8:19 “And he kept the wedding feast fourteen days.” 8:20 “For before the days of the marriage were finished, Raguel had said unto him by and oath, that he should not depart till the fourteen days of the marriage were expired;” 821 “and then he should take the half of his goods, and go i9n safety to his father; and should have the rest when I and my wife be dead.”

9:1 Then Tobias called Raphael, and said unto him, 9:2 “Brother Azarias, take with thee a servant, and two camels, and go to Rages of Media to Gabael, and bring me the money, and bring him to the wedding.


Tobit 9:3—11:8

9:3”For Raguel hath sworn that I shall not depart.” 9:4 “But my father counteth the days; and if I tarry long, he will be very sorry.” 9:5 “So Raphael went out, and lodged with Gabael, and gave him the hand writing [letter]: who brought forth bags which were sealed up, and gave them to him.” 9:6 “And early in the morning they went forth both together, and came to the wedding: and Tobias blessed his wife.” 10:1 Now Tobit his father counted every day: and when the days of the journey were expired, and they came not, 10:2 then Tobit said, “Are they detained? Or is Gabeal dead, and there is no man to give him the money? 10:3 “Therefore he was very sorry.”  10:4 Then his wife said unto him  [Tobit], “My son is dead, seeing he stayeth long; and she began to bewail him,”  10:5 and said, “Now I care for nothing my son, since I have let thee go, the light of mine eyes.” 10:6 To whom Tobit said, “Hold thy peace, take no care, for he is safe.”

10:7 But she said, “Hold thy peace, and deceive me not; my son is dead. And she went out every day into the way which they went, and did eat no meat in the day time, and ceased not whole nights to bewail her son Tobias, until the fourteen days for the wedding were expired, which Raguel had sworn that he should spend there. Then Tobias said to Raguel,” 10:8 “Let me go, for my father and my mother look no more to see me.” 10:9 But his father in law said unto him, “Tarry with me, and I will send to thy father, and they shall declare unto him how things go with thee [Tobias his son]. 10:8 But Tobias said, “No; but let me go to my father.” 11:9 Then Raguel arose, and gave him Sara his wife, and half his goods, servants, and cattle, and money: 12:9 “and he blessed them, and sent them away, saying, “The God of heaven give you a prosperous journey, my children.” And he said to his daughter, “Honour thy father and mother in law, which are now thy parents, that I may hear good report of thee. And he kissed her. Edna also said to Tobias, “The Lord of heaven restore thee, my dear brother, and grant that I may see thy children of my daughter Sara before I die, that I may rejoice before the Lord: behold, I commit my daughter unto thee, of special trust; wherefore [for whatever reason] do not entreat her [I beg of you] of evil.”

11:1 “After these things Tobias went his way, praising God that He had given him a prosperous journey, and blessed Raguel and Edna his wife, and went on his way till they drew near unto Nineveh [Baghdad]. 11:2 Then Raphael said to Tobias, “Dost thou not know, brother, how thou didst leave thy father? 11:3 “let us haste before thy wife, and prepare the house;” 11:4 “and take in thine hand the gall of the fish.” So they went their way, and the dog went after them,”

11:5 “Now Anna sat looking toward the way for her son.” 11:6 “And when she espied him coming, she said to her father, “Behold, thy son cometh, and the man that went with him.” 11:7 Then said Raphael, “I know, Tobias, that the Father will open his eyes.” 11:8 “Therefore anoint thou his eyes with the gall, and being pricked therewith, he shall rub, and the whiteness shall fall away, and he shall see thee. 


Tobit 11:9—12:11

11:9 “Then Anna ran forth, and fell upon the neck of her son, and said unto him, “Seeing I have seen thee, my son, from henceforth I am content to die.” And they wept both.” 11:10 “Tobit also went forth toward the door, and stumbled: but his son ran unto him,” 11:11 “and took hold of his father: and he strake [rubbed] of the gall on his father’s eyes, saying, ‘Be of good hope, my father.’” 11:12 “And when his eyes began to smart, he rubbed them;” 11:13 “and the whiteness pilled away from the corners of his eyes: (to become covered in small balls because of rubbing) and when he saw his son, he fell upon his neck.” 11:14 And he wept, and said, “Blessed Art Thou, O God, and blessed is Thy name forever; and blessed are all Thine holy angels:” 11:15 “for Thou hast scourged, and taken pity on me: for, behold, I see my son Tobias. And his son went in rejoicing, and told his father the great things that had happened to him, in Media.

11:16 “Then Tobit went out to meet his daughter in law at the gate of Nineveh, rejoicing, and praising God: and they which saw him go marvelled, because he had received his sight.” 11:17 But Tobit gave thanks before them, because God had mercy on him. And when he came near to Sara his daughter in law, he blessed her, saying, “Thou art welcome, daughter: God be blessed, which had brought thee unto us, and blessed be thy father and thy mother. And there was joy among all his brethren which were at Nineveh [Baghdad]. 11:18 “Achiacharus, and Nasbas his brother’s son, came:” 11:19 “and Tobias’ wedding was kept seven days with great joy.”

12:1 Then Tobit called his son Tobias, and said unto him, “My son, see that the man have his wages, which went forth with thee, and thou must give him more.” 12:2 And Tobias said unto him. “O father it is no harm to me to give him half of those things which I have brought: 12:3 “for he hath brought me again to safety, and made whole my wife, and brought me the money, and likewise healed thee.” 12:4 Then the old man said unto him, “It is due unto him.’ ‘Take half of all that ye have brought, and go away in safety.” 12:5 So he called the angel, and he said unto him, “Take half of all that ye have brought, and go away in safety.” 12:6 Then he [the angel] took them both apart, and said unto them, Bless God, praise Him, and magnify Him, and praise Him for the things which He hath done unto you in the sight of all that live. It is good to praise God, and exalt His name, and honourably to shew forth the works of God; therefore be not slack to praise Him. 12:7 “It is good to keep close the secret of a king, but it is honourable to reveal the works of God. Do that which is good, and no evil shall touch you.” 12:8 “Prayer is good with fasting and alms and righteousness, is better than much with unrightousness. It is better to give alms than to lay up gold:” 12:9 “for alms doth deliver from death, and shall purge away all sin. Those that exercise alms and righteousness shall be filled with life: 12:10 “but they that sin are enemies to their own life.” 12:11 “Surely I will keep close nothing from you. For I said, it was good to keep close the secret of a king, but that it was honourable to reveal the works of God.


Tobit 12:12—13:10

12:12 “Now therefore, when thou didst pray, and Sara thy daughter in law, I did bring the remembrance of your prayers to the Holy One: and when thou didst bury the dead I was with thee likewise.”  12:13 “And when thou didst not delay to rise up, and leave thy dinner, to go and cover the dead, thy good deed was not hid from me: but I was with thee.” 12:14 “And now God hath sent me to heal thee and Sara thy daughter in law, 12:15 “I am Raphael, one of the seven holy angels, which present the prayers of the saints, and which go in and out before the glory of th Holy One.  12:16 “Then they were both troubled, and fell upon their faces: for they feared” 12:17 But he said unto them, “Fear not for it shall go well with you; praise God therefore.” 12:18 “For not of any favour of mine but by the will of our God I came; wherefore praise Him forever.”  12:19 “All these days I did appear unto you; but I did neither eat nor drink, but ye did see a vision.”  12:20 “Now therefor give God thanks: for I go up to Him that sent me; but write all these things which are done in a book.” 12:21 “And when they arose they saw him no more.”

12:22 “Then they confessed the great and wonderful works of God, and how the angel of the Lord had appeared unto them.” 13:1Then Tobit wrote a prayer of rejoicing, and said, “Blessed be God that liveth forever, and blessed be His Kingdom.   13:2For He doth scourge, and hath mercy: He leadeth down to hell, and bringeth up again: neither is there any that can avoid His hand.” 13:3 “Confess Him before the Gentiles, ye children of Israel: for He has scattered us among them.  13:4 “There declare His greatness, and extol ( him (to praise our Lord with great enthusiasm and admiration before all the living): for He is our Lord, and He is the God our Father forever.” 13:5 And he will scourge us for our iniquities (punish us), and will have mercy again,

And will gather us out of all nations, among whom he hath scattered us.”


13:6 “If ye turn to Him with your whole heart, And with your whole mind, and deal uprightly (behaving in a moral or honourable manner) before Him, then will He turn unto you. Therefore see what He will do with you,  and confess Him with your whole mouth, and praise the Lord of might, and extol the everlasting King. In the land of my captivity do I praise Him, and declare His might and majesty to a sinful nation. O ye sinners, turn and do justice before Him: who can tell if He will accept you, and have mercy on you?


13:7 “I will extol [praise] my God, and my soul shall praise the King of heaven, and shall rejoice in His greatness.” 13:8 “Let all men speak, and let all praise Him for His righteousness.”

13:9 “O Jerusalem, the holy city, he will scourge thee for thy children’s works, and will have mercy again on the sons of righteousness.” 13:10 “Give praise to the Lord, for He is good: and praise the everlasting King, that His tabernacle be builded in thee again with joy, and let Him make joyful there in thee those that are captives, and love in thee forever those that are miserable.”


Tobit 13:11—14:10

 13:11 “Many nations shall come from far to the name of the Lord God with gifts in their hands, even gifts to the King of heaven; all generations shall praise Thee with great joy.” 13:12 “Cursed are all they that hate Thee, and blessed shall all be which love Thee forever.” 13:13 “Rejoice and be glad for the children of the just: for they shall be gathered together, and shall bless the Lord of the just.” 13:14 “O blessed are they which love Thee, for they shall rejoice in Thy peace: blessed are they which have been sorrowful for all Thy scourges; for they shall rejoice for Thee, when they have seen all Thy glory, and shall be glad forever.” 13:15 “Let my soul bless God the great King.”

13:16 “For Jerusalem shall be built up with sapphire, and emerald, and precious stone: Thy walls and towers and battlements with pure gold.” 13:17 “And the streets of Jerusalem shall be paved with beryl and carbuncle and stone of Ophir.” 13:18 And all her streets shall say, “Alleluia;” and they shall praise Him saying, “Blessed be God, which hath extolled it forever. 

14:1 So Tobit made an end to praising God. 14:2 “And he was eight and fifty years old when he lost his sight, which was restored to him after eight years: and he gave alms, and he increased in the fear of the Lord God, and praised Him.”

14:3 “And when he was very aged, he called his son, and the sons of his son, and said to him, “My son, take thy children; for, behold, I am aged, and ready to depart out of this life.” 14:4 “Go into Media, my son, for I surely believe those things which Jonas the prophet spake of Nineveh, that it shall be overthrown; and for a time peace shall rather be in Media; and that are brethren shall lie scattered in the earth from that good land: and Jerusalem shall be desolate, and the house of God in it shall be burned, and shall be desolate for a time.”  14:5 “and that again God will have mercy on them, and bring them again into the land, where they shall build a temple, but not like unto the first, until the time of that age be fulfilled; and afterward they shall return from all places of their captivity, and build up Jerusalem gloriously, and the house of God shall be built in it with a glorious building, as the prophets have spoken thereof.”

14:6 “And all nations shall turn, and fear the Lord God truly, and shall bury their idols.” 14:7 “So shall all nations praise the Lord, and His people shall confess God, and the Lord shalt exalt His people; and all those which love the Lord God in truth and justice shall rejoice, showing mercy to our brethren.” 14:8 “And now, my son, depart out of Nineveh, because that those things which the prophet Jonas spake shall surely come to pass.” 14:9 “But keep thou the law and the commandments, and shew thyself merciful and just, that it may go well with thee.” 14:10 “And bury me decently, and thy mother with me; but tarry no longer at Nineveh. Remember, my son, how Aman handled Achiacharus that brought him up, how out of light he brought him into darkness, and how he rewarded him again: yet Achiacharus was saved, but the other had his reward: for he went down into darkness. Manassas gave alms, and escaped the snares of death which they had set for him: but Aman fell into the snare, and perished. 14:11 “Wherefore now, my son, consider what alms doeth, and how righteousness doth deliver. When he had said these things he gave up the ghost in the bed, being an hundred and fifty eight years old; and he [Tobias] buried him honourably. 14:12 “And when Anna his mother was dead, [Tobias] buried her with his father. But Tobias departed with his wife and children to Ecbatane to Raguel his father in law, 14:13 “where he became old with honour; and he buried his father and mother in law honourably, and he inherited their substance, and his father Tobit’s. 14:14 “And he died at Ecbatane in Media, being an hundred and twenty seven years old.” 14:15 “But before he died he heard of the destruction of Nineveh, which was taken by Nabuchodonosor {Nebuchadnezzar] and Assuerus: and before his death he rejoiced over Nineveh.”